IP Routing: BGP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support
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BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

The BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support feature provides Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) route reflector functionality for Ethernet VPN (EVPN) and provider backbone bridging (PBB) EVPN of Layer 2 VPN address family. EVPN enables customer MAC addresses as routable addresses and distributes them in BGP to avoid any data plane MAC address learning over the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) core network. The route reflector is enhanced to store the received EVPN updates without configuring EVPN explicitly on the route reflector and then advertises these updates to other provider edge (PE) devices so that the PEs do not need to have a full mesh of BGP sessions.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

  • Before you configure the BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support feature, you must configure the RT filter unicast address family type to support for EVPN address family. For more information, see the "Configuring BGP: RT Constrained Route Distribution" module in the IP Routing: BGP Configuration Guide.
  • The EVPN Subsequent Address Family Identifier (SAFI) needs to be enabled globally before you enable it under the BGP neighbor.

Information About BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

EVPN Overview

Ethernet VPN (EVPN) allows Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) networks to provide multipoint Layer 2 VPN (L2VPN) services.

In EVPN, the customer MAC addresses are learned in the data plane over links connecting customer devices (CE) to the provider edge (PE) devices. The MAC addresses are then distributed over the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) core network using Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) with an MPLS label identifying the service instance. A single MPLS label per EVPN instance is sufficient as long as the receiving PE device performs a MAC lookup in the disposition path. Receiving PE devices inject these routable MAC addresses into their Layer 2 routing information base (RIB) and forwarding information base (FIB) along with their associated adjacencies.

EVPN defines a BGP Network Layer Reachability Information (NLRI) that advertises different route types and route attributes. The EVPN NLRI is carried in BGP using BGP multiprotocol extensions with an Address Family Identifier (AFI) and a Subsequent Address Family Identifier (SAFI). BGP drops unsupported route types and does not propagate them to neighbors.

BGP EVPN Autodiscovery Support on Route Reflector

By default, routes received from an internal BGP (iBGP) peer are not sent to another iBGP peer unless a full mesh configuration is formed between all Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) devices within an autonomous system (AS). Configuring a route reflector allows a device to advertise or reflect the iBGP learned routes to other iBGP speakers.

Ethernet VPN (EVPN) Autodiscovery supports BGP route reflectors. A BGP route reflector can be used to reflect BGP EVPN prefixes without EVPN being explicitly configured on the route reflector. The route reflector does not participate in autodiscovery; that is, no pseudowires are set up between the route reflector and the provider edge (PE) devices. A route reflector reflects EVPN prefixes to other PE devices so that these PE devices do not need to have a full mesh of BGP sessions. The network administrator configures only the BGP EVPN address family on a route reflector.

BGP uses the Layer 2 VPN (L2VPN) routing information base (RIB) to store endpoint provisioning information, which is updated each time any Layer 2 virtual forwarding instance (VFI) is configured. The prefix and path information is stored in the L2VPN database, which allows BGP to make decisions about the best path. When BGP distributes the endpoint provisioning information in an update message to all its BGP neighbors, this endpoint information is used to configure a pseudowire mesh to support L2VPN-based services.

EVPN Address Family

BGP supports Layer 2 VPN (L2VPN) EVPN address family under router configuration mode to carry L2VPN EVPN autodiscovery and signaling Network Layer Reachability Information (NLRI) to Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) neighbors. This address family is allowed on both internal BGP (iBGP) and external BGP (eBGP) neighbors under default virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) for both IPv4 and IPv6 neighbors. The EVPN SAFI is not supported under VRF and VRF neighbors.

How to Configure BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

Configuring BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector

Perform this task on the Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) route reflector to configure the device as a BGP route reflector and configure the specified neighbor as its client and to display the information from the BGP routing table.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router bgp as-number

    4.    address-family l2vpn [vpls | evpn]

    5.    neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name} activate

    6.    neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address | peer-group-name} route-reflector-client

    7.    end

    8.    show bgp l2vpn evpn all

    9.    debug bgp l2vpn evpn updates

    10.    clear bgp l2vpn evpn


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router bgp as-number


    Example:
    Device(config)# router bgp 1
     

    Configures a BGP routing process and enters router configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 address-family l2vpn [vpls | evpn]


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# address-family l2vpn evpn
     

    Specifies the L2VPN address family and enters address family configuration mode. The optional evpn keyword specifies that EVPN endpoint provisioning information is to be distributed to BGP peers.

     
    Step 5 neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name} activate


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor 10.0.0.2 activate
     

    Enables PBB EVPN with the specified BGP neighbor.

     
    Step 6 neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address | peer-group-name} route-reflector-client


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor 10.0.0.2 route-reflector-client
     

    Configures the local device as the BGP route reflector and the specified neighbor as one of its clients.

     
    Step 7 end


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# end
     

    Exits address family configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 8 show bgp l2vpn evpn all


    Example:
    Device# show bgp l2vpn evpn all
     

    (Optional) Displays the complete L2VPN EVPN database.

     
    Step 9 debug bgp l2vpn evpn updates


    Example:
    Device# debug bgp l2vpn evpn updates events
     

    (Optional) Specifies debugging messages for BGP update.

     
    Step 10 clear bgp l2vpn evpn


    Example:
    Device# clear bgp l2vpn evpn *
     

    (Optional) Specifies that all current BGP sessions will be reset.

     

    Configuration Examples for BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

    Example: Configuring BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector

    In the following example, the local device is a route reflector. It passes learned iBGP routes to the neighbor at 10.0.0.2:

    Device# configure terminal
    Device(config)# router bgp 1
    Device(config-router)# address-family l2vpn evpn
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor 10.0.0.2 activate
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor 10.0.0.2 route-reflector-client
    Device(config-router-af)# exit address-family

    In the following example, the show bgp l2vpn evpn all route-type 1 command displays the Ethernet autodiscovery route information:

    show bgp l2vpn evpn all route-type 1
    
    BGP routing table entry for [1][100.100.100.100:11111][AAAABBBBCCCCDDDDEEEE][23456789][101234]/25, version 2
    Paths: (1 available, best #1, table EVPN-BGP-Table)
      Advertised to update-groups:
         1          2          3
      Refresh Epoch 1
      Local, (Received from a RR-client)
        19.0.101.1 from 19.0.101.1 (19.0.101.1)
          Origin IGP, localpref 100, valid, internal, best
          Extended Community: RT:100:101 EVPN LABEL:0x1:Label-101234
          rx pathid: 0, tx pathid: 0x0
    

    Additional References for BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

    Related Documents

    Related Topic Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

    BGP commands

    Cisco IOS IP Routing: BGP Command Reference

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC Title

    RFC 4456

    BGP Route Reflection: An Alternative to Full Mesh Internal BGP (IBGP)

    RFC 4684

    Constrained Route Distribution for Border Gateway Protocol/MultiProtocol Label Switching (BGP/MPLS) Internet Protocol (IP) Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)

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    Feature Information for BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.11S

    The BGP PBB EVPN Route Reflector Support feature provides Boarder Gateway Protocol (BGP) route reflector functionality for Ethernet VPN (EVPN) and provider backbone bridging (PBB) EVPN of Layer 2 VPN address family. EVPN enables customer MAC addresses as routable addresses and distributes them in BGP to avoid any data plane MAC address learning over the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) core network. The route reflector is enhanced to store the received EVPN updates without configuring EVPN explicitly on the route reflector and then advertises these updates to other provider edge (PE) devices so that the PEs do not need to have a full mesh of BGP sessions.

    The following command was modified: address-family l2vpn.