IP Routing: BGP Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering
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IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

IPv6 Multiprotocol BGP Peering Using a Link-Local Address

The IPv6 multiprotocol BGP can be configured between two IPv6 devices (peers) using link-local addresses. For this function to work, you must identify the interface for the neighbor by using the neighbor update-source command, and you must configure a route map to set an IPv6 global next hop.

How to Configure IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

Configuring an IPv6 Multiprotocol BGP Peer Using a Link-Local Address

Configuring IPv6 multiprotocol BGP between two IPv6 routers (peers) using link-local addresses requires that the interface for the neighbor be identified by using the update-source command and that a route map be configured to set an IPv6 global next hop.


Note


  • By default, neighbors that are defined using the neighbor remote-as command in router configuration mode exchange only IPv4 unicast address prefixes. To exchange other address prefix types, such as IPv6 prefixes, neighbors must also be activated using the neighbor activate command in address family configuration mode for the other prefix types, as shown for IPv6 prefixes.
  • By default, route maps that are applied in router configuration mode using the neighbor route-map command are applied to only IPv4 unicast address prefixes. Route maps for other address families must be applied in address family configuration mode using the neighbor route-map command, as shown for the IPv6 address family. The route maps are applied either as the inbound or outbound routing policy for neighbors under the specified address family. Configuring separate route maps under each address family type simplifies managing complicated or different policies for each address family.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    router bgp autonomous-system-number

    4.    neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address[%] | peer-group-name} remote-as autonomous-system-number [alternate-as autonomous-system-number ...]

    5.    neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address[%] | peer-group-name} update-source interface-type interface-number

    6.    address-family ipv6 [vrf vrf-name] [unicast | multicast | vpnv6

    7.    neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name | ipv6-address %} activate

    8.    neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name | ipv6-address[%]} route-map map-name {in | out

    9.    exit

    10.    Repeat Step 9.

    11.    route-map map-tag [permit | deny] [sequence-number]

    12.    match ipv6 address {prefix-list prefix-list-name | access-list-name

    13.    set ipv6 next-hop ipv6-address [link-local-address] [peer-address


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 router bgp autonomous-system-number


    Example:
    Device(config)# router bgp 65000
     

    Enters router configuration mode for the specified routing process.

     
    Step 4 neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address[%] | peer-group-name} remote-as autonomous-system-number [alternate-as autonomous-system-number ...]


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471% remote-as 64600
     

    Adds the link-local IPv6 address of the neighbor in the specified remote autonomous system to the IPv6 multiprotocol BGP neighbor table of the local router.

    • The optional % keyword is the IPv6 link-local address identifier. This keyword needs to be added whenever a link-local IPv6 address is used outside the context of its interface.
     
    Step 5 neighbor {ip-address | ipv6-address[%] | peer-group-name} update-source interface-type interface-number


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471% update-source gigabitethernet0/0/0
     

    Specifies the link-local address over which the peering is to occur.

    • The optional % keyword is the IPv6 link-local address identifier. This keyword needs to be added whenever a link-local IPv6 address is used outside the context of its interface.
    • If there are multiple connections to the neighbor and you do not specify the neighbor interface by using the interface-type and interface-numberarguments in the neighbor update-source command, a TCP connection cannot be established with the neighbor using link-local addresses.
     
    Step 6 address-family ipv6 [vrf vrf-name] [unicast | multicast | vpnv6


    Example:
    Device(config-router)# address-family ipv6
     

    Specifies the IPv6 address family, and enters address family configuration mode.

    • The unicast keyword specifies the IPv6 unicast address family. By default, the router is placed in configuration mode for the IPv6 unicast address family if the unicast keyword is not specified with the address-family ipv6 command.
    • The multicast keyword specifies IPv6 multicast address prefixes.
     
    Step 7 neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name | ipv6-address %} activate


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471% activate
     

    Enables the neighbor to exchange prefixes for the IPv6 address family with the local router using the specified link-local addresses.

    • The optional % keyword is the IPv6 link-local address identifier. This keyword needs to be added whenever a link-local IPv6 address is used outside the context of its interface.
     
    Step 8 neighbor {ip-address | peer-group-name | ipv6-address[%]} route-map map-name {in | out


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471% route-map nh6 out
     

    Applies a route map to incoming or outgoing routes.

    • The optional % keyword is the IPv6 link-local address identifier. This keyword needs to be added whenever a link-local IPv6 address is used outside the context of its interface.
     
    Step 9 exit


    Example:
    Device(config-router-af)# exit
     

    Exits address family configuration mode, and returns the device to router configuration mode.

     
    Step 10 Repeat Step 9.

    Example:
    Device(config-router)# exit
     

    Exits router configuration mode, and returns the device to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 11 route-map map-tag [permit | deny] [sequence-number]


    Example:
    Device(config)# route-map nh6 permit 10
     

    Defines a route map and enters route-map configuration mode.

     
    Step 12 match ipv6 address {prefix-list prefix-list-name | access-list-name


    Example:
    Device(config-route-map)# match ipv6 address prefix-list cisco
     

    Distributes any routes that have a destination IPv6 network number address permitted by a prefix list, or performs policy routing on packets.

     
    Step 13 set ipv6 next-hop ipv6-address [link-local-address] [peer-address


    Example:
    Device(config-route-map)# set ipv6 next-hop 2001:DB8::1
     

    Overrides the next hop advertised to the peer for IPv6 packets that pass a match clause of a route map for policy routing.

    • The ipv6-address argument specifies the IPv6 global address of the next hop. It need not be an adjacent router.
    • The link-local-addressargument specifies the IPv6 link-local address of the next hop. It must be an adjacent router.
    Note   

    The route map sets the IPv6 next-hop addresses (global and link-local) in BGP updates. If the route map is not configured, the next-hop address in the BGP updates defaults to the unspecified IPv6 address (::), which is rejected by the peer. If you specify only the global IPv6 next-hop address (the ipv6-address argument) with the set ipv6 next-hopcommand after specifying the neighbor interface (the interface-type argument) with the neighbor update-source command in Step 5, the link-local address of the interface specified with the interface-type argument is included as the next-hop in the BGP updates. Therefore, only one route map that sets the global IPv6 next-hop address in BGP updates is required for multiple BGP peers that use link-local addresses.

     

    Configuration Examples for IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

    Example: Configuring an IPv6 Multiprotocol BGP Peer Using a Link-Local Address

    The following example configures the IPv6 multiprotocol BGP peer FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471 over Fast Ethernet interface 0 and sets the route map named nh6 to include the IPv6 next-hop global address of Fast Ethernet interface 0 in BGP updates. The IPv6 next-hop link-local address can be set by the nh6 route map (not shown in the following example) or from the interface specified by the neighbor update-source command (as shown in this example).

    router bgp 65000
     neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471 remote-as 64600
     neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471 update-source fastethernet 0
     address-family ipv6
      neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471 activate
      neighbor FE80::1234:BFF:FE0E:A471 route-map nh6 out
      route-map nh6 permit 10
       match ipv6 address prefix-list cisco
     set ipv6 next-hop 2001:DB8:526::1
    ipv6 prefix-list cisco permit 2001:DB8:2F22::/48 le 128
    ipv6 prefix-list cisco deny ::/0

    Note


    If you specify only the global IPv6 next-hop address (the ipv6-address argument) with the set ipv6 next-hop command after specifying the neighbor interface (the interface-type argument) with the neighbor update-source command, the link-local address of the interface specified with the interface-type argument is included as the next hop in the BGP updates. Therefore, only one route map that sets the global IPv6 next-hop address in BGP updates is required for multiple BGP peers that use link-local addresses.

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    IPv6 addressing and connectivity

    IPv6 Configuration Guide

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

    IPv6 commands

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

    Cisco IOS IPv6 features

    Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

    Standards and RFCs

    Standard/RFC

    Title

    RFCs for IPv6

    IPv6 RFCs

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for IPv6 Routing Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    IPv6 Routing: Multiprotocol BGP Link-Local Address Peering

    Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

    This feature is supported.