IP Multicast: Multicast Resiliency Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (Cisco ASR 1000)
Multicast Live-Live
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Multicast Live-Live

Multicast Live-Live

Last Updated: August 24, 2012

The Multicast Live-Live feature delivers two multicast streams with the same content over diverse paths in the network. This functionality reduces packet loss due to network failures on any one of the paths.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Multicast Live-Live

  • The Multicast Live-Live feature requires multitopology Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) support.

Restrictions for Multicast Live-Live

  • Multicast traffic splitting and merging is the responsibility of the application. Applications that use multicast technology include video conferencing, corporate communications, distance learning, and distribution of software, stock quotes, and news.
  • Multicast Live-Live is supported for the IPv4 multicast address family.
  • Multicast Live-Live is supported for global Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF).
  • Multicast Live-Live is supported for Protocol Independent Multicast Source-Specific Multicast (PIM-SSM) mode and PIM Sparse Mode (PIM-SM).
  • Multicast Live-Live is supported for the Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) IGP.

Information About Multicast Live-Live

Overview of Multicast Live-Live

This feature delivers two multicast streams with the same content over diverse paths in the network. This functionality reduces packet loss due to network failures on any one of the paths. The feature uses multitopology IGP technology in order to deliver the two streams over diverse paths.

The Multicast Live-Live feature can be divided into three distinct processes as shown in the figure. The processes are visually separated by vertical lines in the figure.

  • The first process consists of splitting the multicast stream into dual streams. The splitting is performed by the application.
  • The second process consists of transmitting the dual streams over the network. Topology selection for transmitting these dual streams can be done in two different ways:
    • Multicast topology selection by group range: This action allows multicast Reverse Path Forwarding (RPF) lookups to perform the RPF check against more than one RPF topology.
    • Multicast topology selection by source prefix: This action allows the replication of routes from more than one (unicast) topology into multicast topology.
  • The third process consists of merging the streams that have been split. The merging is performed by the application.
Figure 1 Overview of Multicast Live-Live


How to Configure Multicast Live-Live

Configuring a Multicast Topology

Perform this task to configure a multicast topology.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    ip multicast-routing

4.    ip multicast rpf multitopology

5.    global-address-family ipv4 multicast

6.    topology { base | topology-name }

7.    Repeat Step 6 to configure another global topology instance.

8.    exit

9.    interface type number

10.    ip address ip-address mask [secondary [vrf vrf-name]]

11.    ip pim sparse-dense-mode

12.    ip router isis

13.    topology ipv4 [multicast | unicast] { topology-name [disable] | base}

14.    exit

15.    Repeat Steps 9 through 14 for each interface to be configured.

16.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Device> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Device# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
ip multicast-routing


Example:

Device(config)# ip multicast-routing

 

Enables IP multicast routing.

 
Step 4
ip multicast rpf multitopology


Example:

Device(config)# ip multicast rpf multitopology

 

Enables multicast RPF lookup in multiple topologies.

 
Step 5
global-address-family ipv4 multicast


Example:

Device(config)# global-address-family ipv4 multicast

 

Enters global address family configuration mode to configure a topology.

 
Step 6
topology { base | topology-name }


Example:

Device(config-af)# topology live-A

 

Configures a global topology instance.

 
Step 7
Repeat Step 6 to configure another global topology instance.  

--

 
Step 8
exit


Example:

Device(config-af)# exit

 

Exits global address family configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

 
Step 9
interface type number


Example:

Device(config)# interface Gigabitethernet 1/0

 

Enters interface configuration mode for the specified interface type and number.

 
Step 10
ip address ip-address mask [secondary [vrf vrf-name]]


Example:

Device(config-if)# ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

 

Sets a primary or secondary IP address for an interface.

 
Step 11
ip pim sparse-dense-mode


Example:

Device(config-if)# ip pim sparse-dense-mode

 

Enables PIM sparse dense mode on the interface.

 
Step 12
ip router isis


Example:

Device(config-if)# ip router isis

 

Configures an Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) routing process for IP on the interface.

 
Step 13
topology ipv4 [multicast | unicast] { topology-name [disable] | base}


Example:

Device(config-if)# topology ipv4 multicast live-A

 

Configures a topology instance on an interface.

 
Step 14
exit


Example:

Device(config-if)# exit

 

Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

 
Step 15
Repeat Steps 9 through 14 for each interface to be configured.  

--

 
Step 16
end


Example:

Device(config)# end

 

Ends the current configuration session and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Enabling a Multicast Topology Under IGP

Perform this task to enable a multicast topology under IGP.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    configure terminal

3.    router isis

4.    net net1

5.    metric-style wide [transition] [level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2]

6.    address-family ipv4 multicast

7.    topology topology-name tid number

8.    end

9.    configure terminal

10.    ip multicast topology {multicast | unicast} topology-name tid topology-number

11.    Repeat Step 10 to assign an additional multicast identifier to a topology.

12.    ip multicast rpf select topology {multicast | unicast} topology-name access-list-number

13.    Repeat Step 12 to specify an additional topology for an RPF lookup.

14.    ip access-list {standard | extended} {access-list-name | access-list-number }

15.    permit protocol {{ source-addr source-wildcard } | object-group object-group-name | any | host { address | name }} {destination-addr destination-wildcard } | object-group object-group-name | any | host {address | name }}

16.    Repeat Steps 14 and 15 to enumerate an additional (S,G) mroute entry if required.

17.    end


DETAILED STEPS
  Command or Action Purpose
Step 1
enable


Example:

Device> enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.
 
Step 2
configure terminal


Example:

Device# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 3
router isis


Example:

Device(config)# router isis

 

Enables the IS-IS routing protocol and specifies an IS-IS process.

 
Step 4
net net1


Example:

Device(config-router)# net 49.1234.1234.1234.00

 

Configures an IS-IS network entity (NET) for the routing process.

 
Step 5
metric-style wide [transition] [level-1 | level-2 | level-1-2]


Example:

Device(config-router)# metric-style wide

 

Configures a device running IS-IS so that it generates and accepts only new-style type, length, value objects (TLVs).

 
Step 6
address-family ipv4 multicast


Example:

Device(config-router)# address-family ipv4 multicast

 

Enters router address family configuration mode under IS-IS router configuration mode.

 
Step 7
topology topology-name tid number


Example:

Device(config-router-af)# topology live-A tid 10

 

Enables a multicast topology under IGP.

 
Step 8
end


Example:

Device(config-router-af-topology)# exit

 

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 
Step 9
configure terminal


Example:

Device# configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 
Step 10
ip multicast topology {multicast | unicast} topology-name tid topology-number


Example:

Device(config)# ip multicast topology multicast live-A tid 100

 

Assigns a multicast topology identifier to a topology.

 
Step 11
Repeat Step 10 to assign an additional multicast identifier to a topology.  

--

 
Step 12
ip multicast rpf select topology {multicast | unicast} topology-name access-list-number


Example:

Device(config)# ip multicast rpf select topology multicast live-A 111

 

Associates a multicast topology with a multicast group that has a specific (S,G) mroute entry. The notation of (S,G), pronounced "S comma G," enumerates a shortest path tree where S is the IP address of the source and G is the multicast group address.

 
Step 13
Repeat Step 12 to specify an additional topology for an RPF lookup.  

--

 
Step 14
ip access-list {standard | extended} {access-list-name | access-list-number }


Example:

Device(config)# ip access-list extended 111

 

Specifies a (S,G) mroute entry using IP access list.

 
Step 15
permit protocol {{ source-addr source-wildcard } | object-group object-group-name | any | host { address | name }} {destination-addr destination-wildcard } | object-group object-group-name | any | host {address | name }}


Example:

Device(config-ext-nacl)# permit ip any 225.1.1.1 0.0.0.0

 

Set conditions in the named IP access list that will permit (S,G) mroute entry multicast packets.

 
Step 16
Repeat Steps 14 and 15 to enumerate an additional (S,G) mroute entry if required.  

--

 
Step 17
end


Example:

Device(config-ext-nacl)# end

 

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Verifying the Configuration of Multicast Live-Live

Perform this task to verify the configuration of the Multicast Live-Live feature.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.    enable

2.    show ip multicast topology [{multicast | unicast} topology-name]


DETAILED STEPS
Step 1   enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

  • Enter your password if prompted.

Device> enable
Step 2   show ip multicast topology [{multicast | unicast} topology-name]

Enter the show ipmulticast topologycommand to display multicast topology information:



Example:
Device# show ip multicast topology multicast live-A
Topology: ipv4 multicast live-A
TID: 1
 Extended IP ACL: 101
Associated VPN VRF is IPv4 default

Configuration Examples for Multicast Live-Live

Example Configuring Multicast Live-Live

The following example shows how to configure the Multicast Live-Live feature. In the example, two multicast topologies are enabled under IGP, the multicast topologies are assigned a topology identifier, and each multicast topology identifier is associated with a multicast group that has a specific (S,G) mroute entry.

ip multicast-routing
! Enable multi-topology mode 
ip multicast rpf multitopology
! Create 2 IPv4 multicast topologies 
global-address-family ipv4 multicast 
  topology live-A
  topology live-B
interface Gigabitethernet 1/0
 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip pim sparse-dense-mode
 ip router isis
 topology ipv4 multicast live-A
interface Gigabitethernet 2/0
 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.0
 ip pim sparse-dense-mode
 ip router isis
 topology ipv4 multicast live-B
router isis
 net 49.1234.1234.1234.00
  metric-style wide
  address-family ipv4 multicast 
  ! CLIs to enable 2 multicast topologies under IGP
  topology live-A tid 10
  topology live-B tid 20
! CLIs to assign multicast tid to topology
ip multicast topology multicast live-A tid 100
ip multicast topology multicast live-B tid 200
! CLIs to specify topology for RPF lookup
ip multicast rpf select topology multicast live-A 111 
ip multicast rpf select topology multicast live-B 122 
! Use IP access-list extended to specify (S, G)
ip access-list extended 111 
 permit ip any   225.1.1.1 0.0.0.0 
ip access-list extended 122 
 permit ip any   239.1.1.1 0.0.0.0

Additional References

Related Documents

Related Topic

Document Title

Cisco IOS commands

Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

Overview of the IP multicast technology area

"IP Multicast Technology Overview"

Concepts, tasks, and examples for configuring an IP multicast network using PIM

"Configuring a Basic IP Multicast Network"

IP multicast commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, command history, usage guidelines, and examples

Cisco IOS IP Multicast Command Reference

Standards

Standard

Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

--

MIBs

MIB

MIBs Link

No new or modified MIBs are supported.

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

RFCs

RFC

Title

No new or modified RFCs are supported, and support for existing standards has not been modified.

--

Technical Assistance

Description

Link

The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/index.html

Feature Information for Multicast Live-Live

The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Table 1 Feature Information for Multicast Live-Live

Feature Name

Releases

Feature Information

Multicast Live-Live

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

15.2(3)T

The Multicast Live-Live feature delivers two multicast streams with the same content over diverse paths in the network. This functionality reduces packet loss due to network failures on any one of the paths.

The following commands were introduced or modified: debug ip multicast topology, ip multicast rpf select topology, ip multicast topology, show ip multicast topology.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

© 2012 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.