First Hop Redundancy Protocols Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
HSRP for IPv6
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HSRP for IPv6

HSRP for IPv6

IPv6 routing protocols ensure device-to-device resilience and failover. However, in situations in which the path between a host and the first-hop device fails, or the first-hop device itself fails, first hop redundancy protocols (FHRPs) ensure host-to-device resilience and failover.

The Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) protects data traffic in case of a gateway failure.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for HSRP for IPv6

HSRP version 2 must be enabled on an interface before HSRP for IPv6 can be configured.

Information About HSRP for IPv6

HSRP for IPv6 Overview

The HSRP is an FHRP designed to allow for transparent failover of the first-hop IP device. HSRP provides high network availability by providing first-hop routing redundancy for IP hosts on Ethernet configured with a default gateway IP address. HSRP is used in a group of devices for selecting an active device and a standby device. In a group of device interfaces, the active device is the device of choice for routing packets; the standby device is the device that takes over when the active device fails or when preset conditions are met.

IPv6 hosts learn of available IPv6 devices through IPv6 neighbor discovery RA messages. These are multicast periodically, or may be solicited by hosts. HSRP is designed to provide only a virtual first hop for IPv6 hosts.

An HSRP IPv6 group has a virtual MAC address that is derived from the HSRP group number, and a virtual IPv6 link-local address that is, by default, derived from the HSRP virtual MAC address. Periodic RAs are sent for the HSRP virtual IPv6 link-local address when the HSRP group is active. These RAs stop after a final RA is sent when the group leaves the active state.

Periodic RAs for the interface link-local address stop after a final RA is sent while at least one virtual IPv6 link-local address is configured on the interface. No restrictions occur for the interface IPv6 link-local address other than that mentioned for the RAs. Other protocols continue to receive and send packets to this address.

HSRP uses a priority mechanism to determine which HSRP configured device is to be the default active device. To configure a device as the active device, you assign it a priority that is higher than the priority of all the other HSRP-configured devices. The default priority is 100, so if you configure just one device to have a higher priority, that device will be the default active device.

HSRP IPv6 Virtual MAC Address Range

HSRP IPv6 uses a different virtual MAC address block than does HSRP for IP:

0005.73A0.0000 through 0005.73A0.0FFF (4096 addresses)

HSRP IPv6 UDP Port Number

Port number 2029 has been assigned to HSRP IPv6.

How to Enable HSRP for IPv6

Enabling an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

HSRP version 2 must be enabled on an interface before HSRP IPv6 can be configured.

Enabling HSRP Version 2

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface type number

    4.    standby version {1 | 2}


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface type number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
     

    Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 standby version {1 | 2}


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# standby version 2
     

    Changes the version of the HSRP.

    • Version 1 is the default.

     

    Enabling and Verifying an HSRP Group for IPv6 Operation

    In this task, when you enter the standby ipv6 command, a link-local address is generated from the link-local prefix, and a modified EUI-64 format interface identifier is generated in which the EUI-64 interface identifier is created from the relevant HSRP virtual MAC address.

    A link-local address is an IPv6 unicast address that can be automatically configured on any interface using the link-local prefix FE80::/10 (1111 1110 10) and the interface identifier in the modified EUI-64 format. Link-local addresses are used in the stateless autoconfiguration process. Nodes on a local link can use link-local addresses to communicate; the nodes do not need site-local or globally unique addresses to communicate.

    In IPv6, a device on the link advertises in RA messages any site-local and global prefixes, and its willingness to function as a default device for the link. RA messages are sent periodically and in response to router solicitation messages, which are sent by hosts at system startup.

    A node on the link can automatically configure site-local and global IPv6 addresses by appending its interface identifier (64 bits) to the prefixes (64 bits) included in the RA messages. The resulting 128-bit IPv6 addresses configured by the node are then subjected to duplicate address detection to ensure their uniqueness on the link. If the prefixes advertised in the RA messages are globally unique, then the IPv6 addresses configured by the node are also guaranteed to be globally unique. Router solicitation messages, which have a value of 133 in the Type field of the ICMP packet header, are sent by hosts at system startup so that the host can immediately autoconfigure without needing to wait for the next scheduled RA message.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ipv6 unicast-routing

      4.    interface type number

      5.    standby [group-number] ipv6 {link-local-address | autoconfig}

      6.    standby [group-number] preempt [delay minimum seconds | reload seconds | sync seconds]

      7.    standby [group-number] priority priority

      8.    exit

      9.    show standby [type number [group]] [all | brief]

      10.    show ipv6 interface [brief] [interface-type interface-number] [prefix]


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ipv6 unicast-routing


      Example:
      Device(config)# ipv6 unicast-routing
       

      Enables the forwarding of IPv6 unicast datagrams.

      • The ipv6 unicast-routing command must be enabled for HSRP for IPv6 to work.

       
      Step 4 interface type number


      Example:
      Device(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
       

      Specifies an interface type and number, and places the device in interface configuration mode.

       
      Step 5 standby [group-number] ipv6 {link-local-address | autoconfig}


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# standby 1 ipv6 autoconfig
       

      Activates the HSRP in IPv6.

       
      Step 6 standby [group-number] preempt [delay minimum seconds | reload seconds | sync seconds]


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# standby 1 preempt
       

      Configures HSRP preemption and preemption delay.

       
      Step 7 standby [group-number] priority priority


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# standby 1 priority 110
       

      Configures HSRP priority.

       
      Step 8 exit


      Example:
      Device(config-if)# exit
       

      Returns the device to privileged EXEC mode.

       
      Step 9 show standby [type number [group]] [all | brief]


      Example:
      Device# show standby
       

      Displays HSRP information.

       
      Step 10 show ipv6 interface [brief] [interface-type interface-number] [prefix]


      Example:
      Device# show ipv6 interface GigabitEthernet 0/0/0
       

      Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IPv6.

       

      Configuration Examples for HSRP for IPv6

      Example: Configuration and Verification for an HSRP Group

      The following example shows configuration and verification for an HSRP group for IPv6 that consists of Device1 and Device2. The show standby command is issued for each device to verify the device's configuration:

      Device 1 configuration

      interface FastEthernet0/0.100
      description DATA VLAN for PCs 
      encapsulation dot1Q 100 
      ipv6 address 2001:DB8:CAFE:2100::BAD1:1010/64 
      standby version 2 
      standby 101 priority 120 
      standby 101 preempt delay minimum 30 
      standby 101 authentication ese 
      standby 101 track Serial0/1/0.17 90 
      standby 201 ipv6 autoconfig 
      standby 201 priority 120 
      standby 201 preempt delay minimum 30 
      standby 201 authentication ese 
      standby 201 track Serial0/1/0.17 90 
      Device1# show standby
      FastEthernet0/0.100 - Group 101 (version 2) 
      State is Active 
      2 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
      Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 
      Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 (v2 default) 
      Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
      Next hello sent in 2.296 secs 
      Authentication text "ese"
      Preemption enabled, delay min 30 secs 
      Active router is local 
      Priority 120 (configured 120)
      Track interface Serial0/1/0.17 state Up decrement 90 
      IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-101" (default) 
      FastEthernet0/0.100 - Group 201 (version 2) 
      State is Active 
      2 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
      Virtual IP address is FE80::5:73FF:FEA0:C9 
      Active virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 
      Local virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 (v2 IPv6 default) 
      Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
      Next hello sent in 2.428 secs 
      Authentication text "ese" 
      Preemption enabled, delay min 30 secs 
      Active router is local 
      Standby router is FE80::20F:8FFF:FE37:3B70, priority 100 (expires in 7.856 sec) 
      Priority 120 (configured 120) 
      Track interface Serial0/1/0.17 state Up decrement 90 
      IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-201" (default)

      Device 2 configuration

      interface FastEthernet0/0.100
      description DATA VLAN for Computers 
      encapsulation dot1Q 100
      ipv6 address 2001:DB8:CAFE:2100::BAD1:1020/64 
      standby version 2 
      standby 101 preempt 
      standby 101 authentication ese 
      standby 201 ipv6 autoconfig 
      standby 201 preempt 
      standby 201 authentication ese
      Device2# show standby
      FastEthernet0/0.100 - Group 101 (version 2) 
      State is Standby 
      7 state changes, last state change 5w5d 
      Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 
      Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c9f.f065 (v2 default) 
      Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec 
      Next hello sent in 0.936 secs 
      Authentication text "ese" 
      Preemption enabled 
      MAC address is 0012.7fc6.8f0c 
      Standby router is local 
      Priority 100 (default 100) 
      IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-101" (default) 
      FastEthernet0/0.100 - Group 201 (version 2) 
      State is Standby 
      7 state changes, last state change 5w5d
      Virtual IP address is FE80::5:73FF:FEA0:C9
      Active virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 
      Local virtual MAC address is 0005.73a0.00c9 (v2 IPv6 default)
      Hello time 3 sec, hold time 10 sec
      Next hello sent in 0.936 secs 
      Authentication text "ese" 
      Preemption enabled 
      Active router is FE80::212:7FFF:FEC6:8F0C, priority 120 (expires in 7.548 sec) 
      MAC address is 0012.7fc6.8f0c 
      Standby router is local 
      Priority 100 (default 100) 
      IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Fa0/0.100-201" (default)

      Additional References

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      IPv6 addressing and connectivity

      IPv6 Configuration Guide

      Cisco IOS commands

      Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases

      IPv6 commands

      Cisco IOS IPv6 Command Reference

      Cisco IOS IPv6 features

      Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

      HSRP

      Configuring HSRP

      Standards and RFCs

      Standard/RFC

      Title

      RFCs for IPv6

      IPv6 RFCs

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for HSRP for IPv6

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for HSRP for IPv6

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Information

      HSRP for IPv6

      12.2(46)SE

      12.2(52)SG

      12.2(33)SRB

      12.2(33)SXI

      12.4(4)T

      15.0(2)SG

      15.3(1)S

      15.3(2)T

      The HSRP is an FHRP that allows transparent failover of the first-hop IPv6 device.

      The following commands were introduced or modified: show standby, standby ipv6, standby preempt, standby priority.

      Glossary

      • CPE --Customer premises equipment

      • FHRP --First hop redundancy protocol

      • GLBP --Gateway load balancing protocol

      • HSRP --Hot standby routing protocol

      • NA --Neighbor advertisement

      • ND --Neighbor Discovery

      • NS --Neighbor solicitation

      • PE --Provider equipment

      • RA --Router advertisement

      • RS --Router solicitation