Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support
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IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

The IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support feature enables load balancing of tunnel packets in the Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) mode of a core network.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

  • You can enable tunnel entropy calculation only on Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) mode of the tunnel interface.
  • You must configure the tunnel key value before you enable tunnel entropy calculation.

Restrictions for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

  • You must not configure a tunnel key with a value that is more than 24 bits. The configuration of tunnel entropy calculation fails if the tunnel key value is more than 24 bits.
  • You cannot disable tunnel entropy calculation unless you remove the configured tunnel key.

Information About IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support Overview

The IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support feature enables load balancing of tunnel packets in the Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) mode of a core network. You can configure the tunnel entropy calculation feature only on the GRE mode of the tunnel interface.

The characteristics of a tunnel entropy label are:
  • You cannot use entropy labels for packet forwarding.
  • You cannot use entropy labels for signaling.
  • You can only use the entropy label to improve load balancing on a network.

In order to configure tunnel entropy calculation using the tunnel entropy command, you must first configure a tunnel key using the tunnel key command in interface configuration mode. The tunnel key has a maximum size of 32 bits. If you configure tunnel entropy calculation, 24 bits are reserved for the GRE key and 8 bits for entropy.


Note


If you configure a GRE tunnel key of 32 bits, you cannot configure tunnel entropy calculation. You must remove the tunnel key and then configure a key of the size of 24 bits or less. To disable an already configured GRE tunnel entropy, remove the GRE tunnel key value first.

Entropy bits are calculated by 6 tuples, which are virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) ID, source IP address, destination IP address, source port, destination port, and protocols of the private IPv4/IPv6 packets in a network.

How To Configure IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

Configuring IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

Perform this task to configure GRE tunnel entropy calculation:

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface tunnel tunnel-number

    4.    tunnel source {ipv4-addr | ipv6-addr | interface-type interface-number | dynamic}

    5.    tunnel destination {ipv4-addr | ipv6-addr | hostname | dynamic}

    6.    tunnel mode gre ip

    7.    tunnel key key-number

    8.    tunnel entropy

    9.    end

    10.    show interfaces interface-type interface-number


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface tunnel tunnel-number


    Example:
    Device(config)# interface tunnel 21
     

    Specifies a tunnel interface and number, and enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 4 tunnel source {ipv4-addr | ipv6-addr | interface-type interface-number | dynamic}


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# tunnel source 10.1.1.1
     

    Specifies the source IP address for a tunnel interface.

     
    Step 5 tunnel destination {ipv4-addr | ipv6-addr | hostname | dynamic}


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# tunnel destination 172.168.2.1
     

    Specifies the destination IP address for a tunnel interface.

     
    Step 6 tunnel mode gre ip


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# tunnel mode gre ip
     

    Configures the encapsulation mode for a tunnel interface.

     
    Step 7 tunnel key key-number


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# tunnel key 4683
     

    Enables an ID key for a tunnel interface.

     
    Step 8 tunnel entropy


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# tunnel entropy
     

    Achieves load balancing of tunnel packets in a network.

     
    Step 9 end


    Example:
    Device(config-if)# end
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 10 show interfaces interface-type interface-number


    Example:
    Device# show interfaces tunnel 21
     

    Displays statistics for all interfaces configured on a device or access server.

     

    Configuration Examples for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    Examples: Configuring IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    The following example shows how to configure tunnel entropy calculation for GRE mode of the tunnel interface:

    Device> enable
    Device# configure terminal
    Device(config)# interface tunnel 21
    Device(config-if)# tunnel source 10.1.1.1
    Device(config-if)# tunnel destination 172.168.2.1
    Device(config-if)# tunnel mode gre ip
    Device(config-if)# tunnel key 4683
    Device(config-if)# tunnel entropy
    Device(config-if)# end
    

    The following is sample output from the show interfaces tunnel command, which displays that tunnel entropy calculation is enabled with a 24-bit key:

    Device# show interfaces tunnel 21
    
    Tunnel21 is up, line protocol is up
    Hardware is Tunnel
    MTU 17864 bytes, BW 100 Kbit/sec, DLY 50000 usec,
    reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
    Encapsulation TUNNEL, loopback not set
    Keepalive not set
    Tunnel source 10.1.1.1, destination 172.168.2.1
    Tunnel protocol/transport GRE/IP
    Key 0x124B, sequencing disabled
    Checksumming of packets disabled
    Tunnel Entropy Calculation Enabled (24-bit Key)
    Tunnel TTL 255, Fast tunneling enabled
    Tunnel transport MTU 1472 bytes
    Tunnel transmit bandwidth 8000 (kbps)
    Tunnel receive bandwidth 8000 (kbps)
    Last input never, output never, output hang never
    Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:03:07
    Input queue: 0/375/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
    Queueing strategy: fifo
    Output queue: 0/0 (size/max)
    5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
    5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
    0 packets input, 0 bytes, 0 no buffer
    Received 0 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)
    0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
    0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
    0 packets output, 0 bytes, 0 underruns
    0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets
    0 unknown protocol drops
    0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
    

    Additional References for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Command List, All Releases .

    Tunnel commands: complete command syntax, command mode, defaults, command history, usage guidelines, and examples

    Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Command Reference

    Cisco IOS XE Interface and Hardware Component configuration modules

    Cisco IOS XE Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide

    Standards and RFCs

    RFC Title

    RFC6790

    The Use of Entropy Labels in MPLS Forwarding

    Technical Assistance

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    Feature Information for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.11S

    The IP Tunnel - GRE Key Entropy Support feature enables load balancing of tunnel packets in the Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) mode of a core network.

    The following commands were introduced or modified:

    tunnel entropy

    tunnel key

    show interfaces