Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S (ASR 1000)
Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM
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Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

This module describes Synchronization Status Message (SSM), Ethernet Synchronization Message Channel (ESMC), and generating the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) traps on the SyncE feature.

With Ethernet equipment gradually replacing Synchronous Optical Networking (SONET) and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) equipment in service-provider networks, frequency synchronization is required to provide high-quality clock synchronization over Ethernet ports.

Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) provides the required synchronization at the physical level. In SyncE, Ethernet links are synchronized by timing their bit clocks from high-quality, stratum-1-traceable clock signals in the same manner as SONET/SDH. Operation messages maintain SyncE links and ensure that a node always derives timing from the most reliable source.

SyncE synchronizes clock frequency over an Ethernet port. In SONET/SDH the communication channel for conveying clock information is SSM, and in SyncE it is the ESMC.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the Feature Information for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

You need to first configure the network clock for SyncE configuration. Automatic synchronization of the network clock should be enabled. Ensure that the network-clock-select and network-clock-participate commands do not exist in the configuration in order to continue with the SyncE configuration.

Restrictions for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

  • To use the network-clock synchronization ssm option command, the following conditions are required:
    • No input source is in the configuration.
    • No network clock quality level is in the configuration.
    • No network clock source quality is set under any synchronous Ethernet interface.
  • The network-clock synchronization ssm option command must be compatible with the network-clock eec command in the configuration.
  • The esmc process and synchronous mode commands can be used only if the SyncE capable interface is installed on the router.

Information About Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

Customers using a packet network find it difficult to provide timing to multiple remote network elements (NEs) through an external time division multiplexed (TDM) circuit. The SyncE feature helps to overcome this problem by providing effective timing to the remote NEs through a packet network. SyncE leverages the physical layer of the Ethernet to transmit frequency to the remote sites. SyncE’s functionality and accuracy resemble the SONET/SDH network because of its physical layer characteristic. SyncE uses ESMC to allow the best clock source traceability to correctly define the timing source and help prevent a timing loop.

SONET/SDH use 4 bits from the two S bytes in the SONET/SDH overhead frame for message transmission. Ethernet relies on ESMC that is based on an IEEE 802.3 organization-specific slow protocol for message transmission. Each NE along the synchronization path supports SyncE, and SyncE effectively delivers frequency in the path. SyncE does not support relative time (for example, phase alignment) or absolute time (Time of Day).

SyncE provides the Ethernet physical layer network (ETY) level frequency distribution of known common precision frequency references. Clocks for use in SyncE are compatible with the clocks used in the SONET/SDH synchronization network. To achieve network synchronization, synchronization information is transmitted through the network via synchronous network connections with performance of egress clock. In SONET/SDH the communication channel for conveying clock information is Synchronization Status Message (SSM), and in SyncE it the Ethernet Synchronization Message Channel (ESMC).

ESMC carries a Quality Level (QL) identifier that identifies the timing quality of the synchronization trail. QL values in QL-TLV are the same as QL values defined for SONET and SDH SSM. Information provided by SSM QLs during the network transmission helps a node derive timing from the most reliable source and prevents timing loops. ESMC is used with the synchronization selection algorithms. Because Ethernet networks are not required to be synchronous on all links or in all locations, the ESMC channel provides this service. ESMC is composed of the standard Ethernet header for an organization-specific slow protocol; the ITU-T OUI, a specific ITU-T subtype; an ESMC-specific header; a flag field; and a type, length, value (TLV) structure. The use of flags and TLVs improves the management of SyncE links and the associated timing change. For details on Synchronous Ethernet support on Cisco 7600 series routers see Cisco 7600 Series Ethernet Services Plus (ES+) and Ethernet Services Plus T (ES+T) Line Card Configuration Guide .

How to Configure Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

Configuring SyncE

Perform this task to configure SyncE using ESMC and SSM.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    network-clock set l ockout {external slot / card / port[10m| 2m| t1{sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}

    3.    network-clock clear lockout {external slot / card / port [10m| 2m| t1 {sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}

    4.    network-clock switch force { external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m] | t0 | t1 {sf | esf | d4} t0 | internal { external slot / card / port[10m | 2m] | t0} | interface type slot / port external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m] | t0 }

    5.    network-clock switch manual { interface type slot /port { external slot / card / port [10m | 2m ] | t0 } | external slot / card / port{10m | 2m | t0 | t1 {sf | esf | d4} | internal { external slot / card / port[10m | 2m] | t0} }

    6.    network-clock clear switch {t0 | external slot / card / port [10m | 2m]}

    7.    configure terminal

    8.    network-clock synchronization automatic

    9.    network-clock synchronization ssm option {1| 2{GEN1| GEN2}}

    10.    network-clock input-source priority {external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m | t1 {sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}

    11.    network-clock synchronization mode ql-enabled

    12.    network-clock hold-off {0| milliseconds}

    13.    network-clock wait-to-restore seconds

    14.    esmc process

    15.    network-clock external slot / card / port hold-off {0 | milliseconds}

    16.    network-clock quality-level {tx| rx} value {interface type slot / port | external slot / card / port [10m | 2m | t1 {sf | esf | d4}]

    17.    network-clock output-source {line | system} priority interface type slot / port external slot / card / port[10m | 2m | t1{sf | esf | d4} ]

    18.    interface type number

    19.    synchronous mode

    20.    esmc mode [ql-disabled| tx| rx] value

    21.    network-clock source quality-level value {tx | rx}

    22.    network-clock hold-off {0 | milliseconds}

    23.    network-clock wait-to-restore seconds

    24.    end


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 network-clock set l ockout {external slot / card / port[10m| 2m| t1{sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}


    Example:
    Router# network-clock set lockout GigabitEthernet7/1 
     

    Sets the lockout state of input to "on." The input then is no longer considered available by the selection process.

     
    Step 3 network-clock clear lockout {external slot / card / port [10m| 2m| t1 {sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}


    Example:
    Router# network-clock clear lockout GigabitEthernet7/1 
     

    Sets the lockout state of input to "off." The input then is considered available by the selection process.

     
    Step 4 network-clock switch force { external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m] | t0 | t1 {sf | esf | d4} t0 | internal { external slot / card / port[10m | 2m] | t0} | interface type slot / port external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m] | t0 }


    Example:
    Router# network-clock switch force interface GigabitEthernet 7/1 t0
     

    Overrides the currently selected synchronization source when the synchronization source is enabled and not locked out. If the source selected by the forced switch command is disabled or locked out, the forced switch command is automatically rejected.

     
    Step 5 network-clock switch manual { interface type slot /port { external slot / card / port [10m | 2m ] | t0 } | external slot / card / port{10m | 2m | t0 | t1 {sf | esf | d4} | internal { external slot / card / port[10m | 2m] | t0} }


    Example:
    Router# network-clock switch manual interface GigabitEthernet 7/1 t0
     

    Selects the synchronization source interface when it is enabled and not locked out. Manual switching is used to override the previously assigned synchronization source priorities.

     
    Step 6 network-clock clear switch {t0 | external slot / card / port [10m | 2m]}


    Example:
    Router# network-clock clear switch t0
     

    Clears the forced switch and manual switch commands. If the interface is not specified, the force/manual selected interface gets automatically cleared.

     
    Step 7 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 8 network-clock synchronization automatic


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock synchronization automatic
     

    Enables the network clock selection algorithm. This command disables the Cisco-specific network clock process and turns on the G.781-based automatic clock selection process.

     
    Step 9 network-clock synchronization ssm option {1| 2{GEN1| GEN2}}


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock synchronization ssm option 2 GEN2
     

    Configures the router to work in a synchronization network.

    • Option 1 refers to synchronization networks designed for Europe. This is the default value.
    • Option 2 refers to synchronization networks designed for United States.
     
    Step 10 network-clock input-source priority {external slot / card / port [ 10m | 2m | t1 {sf | esf | d4}] | interface type slot / port}


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock input-source 1 interface GigabitEthernet 7/1 
     

    Enables selecting an interface that is configured as clock source line, an external timing input interface, a GPS interface, or a packet-based timing recovered clock as the input clock for the system. Interface can be SyncE or channelized SONET.

     
    Step 11 network-clock synchronization mode ql-enabled


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock synchronization mode ql-enabled
     

    Configures the automatic selection process ql-enabled mode.

    • QL is disabled by default.
    • ql-enabled mode can be used only when the synchronization interface is capable to send SSM.
     
    Step 12 network-clock hold-off {0| milliseconds}


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock hold-off 0
     

    (Optional) Configures hold-off timer for the interface.

     
    Step 13 network-clock wait-to-restore seconds


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock wait-to-restore 70
     

    (Optional) Configures wait-to-restore timer for the SyncE interface.

     
    Step 14 esmc process


    Example:
    Router(config)# esmc process
     

    Enables the ESMC process.

     
    Step 15 network-clock external slot / card / port hold-off {0 | milliseconds}


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock external 0/1/0 hold-off 0 
     

    Overrides the hold-off timer value for the external interface.

     
    Step 16 network-clock quality-level {tx| rx} value {interface type slot / port | external slot / card / port [10m | 2m | t1 {sf | esf | d4}]


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock quality-level rx QL-STU GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 
     

    Forces the QL value for line or external timing input and output.

     
    Step 17 network-clock output-source {line | system} priority interface type slot / port external slot / card / port[10m | 2m | t1{sf | esf | d4} ]


    Example:
    Router(config)# network-clock output-source line 1 GigabitEthernet1/2 external 0/0/1 10m
     

    Transmits the signal from the external timing input interface to the external timing output interface.

     
    Step 18 interface type number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 0/0
     

    Enters interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 19 synchronous mode


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# synchronous mode 
     

    Configures the Ethernet interface to synchronous mode and automatically enables the ESMC and QL process on the interface.

     
    Step 20 esmc mode [ql-disabled| tx| rx] value


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# esmc mode rx QL-STU 
     

    (Optional) Enables the ESMC process on the interface.

     
    Step 21 network-clock source quality-level value {tx | rx}


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# network-clock source quality-level QL-ST4 tx
     

    (Optional) Provides the forced QL value to the local clock selection process.

     
    Step 22 network-clock hold-off {0 | milliseconds}


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# network-clock hold-off 0
     

    (Optional) Configures the hold-off timer for the interface.

     
    Step 23 network-clock wait-to-restore seconds


    Example:
     
               


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# network-clock wait-to-restore 70
     

    (Optional) Configures the wait-to-restore timer for the SyncE interface.

     
    Step 24 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# end
     

    Exits interface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Enabling and Disabling an SNMP Trap in the SyncE Event

    A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap is defined for an SNMP agent to notify the Network Management Systems (NMS) about any unsolicited information. The SNMP trap notifies NMS when a critical SyncE event occurs on a device. If the SNMP trap is enabled in the SyncE configuration, the SNMP agent code generates a SyncE trap for the SyncE events.

    Perform the following tasks to enable and disable the SNMP trap for the SyncE event:

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    snmp-server enable traps netsync

      4.    no snmp-server enable traps netsync

      5.    end

      6.    show running-config all | include traps


    DETAILED STEPS
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 snmp-server enable traps netsync


      Example:
      Router(config)# snmp-server enable traps netsync 
       

      Enables the SyncE traps.

       
      Step 4 no snmp-server enable traps netsync


      Example:
      Router(config)# no snmp-server enable traps netsync
       

      (Optional) Disables the SyncE traps.

       
      Step 5 end


      Example:
      Router(config)# end
       

      Exits global configuration mode.

       
      Step 6 show running-config all | include traps


      Example:
      Router# show running-config all | include trap
       

      (Optional) Displays the SyncE traps that are enabled on the router.

       

      Configuration Examples for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

      Example Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

      The following examples shows the SyncE configuration sequence (configuring an interface with two SyncE interfaces and two external interfaces):

      Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0
          synchronous mode
          clock source line
          network-clock wait-to-restore 720
      !
      Interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
          synchronous mode
          clock source line 
      !	
      network-clock synchronization automatic
      network-clock input-source 1 external 0/0/0 2m
      network-clock input-source 2 external 1/0/0 2m
      network-clock output-source line 1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 external 0/0/0 2m
      network-clock output-source line 1 interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0 external 1/0/0 2m
      

      The following examples shows how to verify whether ESMC is enabled or not:

      Router# show esmc
      
      Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/0
      Administrative configurations:
        Mode: Synchronous
        ESMC TX: Enable
        ESMC RX : Enable
        QL RX configured : NA
        QL TX configured : NA
      Operational status:
        Port status: UP
        QL Receive: QL-SSU-B
        ESMC Information rate : 1 packet/second
        ESMC Expiry: 5 second
      

      The following examples shows how to view the network clock synchronization details:

      Router# show network-clock synchronization detail
      
      Automatic selection process : Enable
      Equipment Clock : 2048 (EEC-Option1)
      Clock Mode : QL-Enable
      ESMC : Disabled 
      SSM Option : 1 
      T0 : Internal 
      Hold-off (global) : 300 ms
      Wait-to-restore (global) : 300 sec
      Revertive : No
      Force Switch: FALSE
      Manual Switch: FALSE
      Number of synchronization sources: 1
      Secondary src: Ethernet0/0
      Slots disabled 0x0
      Monitor source(s): Ethernet0/0
      Selected QL: QL-SEC
      sm(netsync_ql_dis NETCLK_QL_ENABLE), running yes, state 1A
      Last transition recorded: (begin)-> 1A (ql_mode_enable)-> 1A (src_added)-> 1A
      
      
      Nominated Interfaces
      
       Interface SigType Mode/QL Prio QL_IN ESMC Tx ESMC Rx
      *Internal NA NA/Dis 251 QL-SEC NA NA 
       Et0/0 NA Sync/En 2 QL-DNU - - 
      
      Interface:
      ---------------------------------------------
      Local Interface: Internal
      Signal Type: NA
      Mode: NA(Ql-enabled)
      SSM Tx: Disable
      SSM Rx: Disable
      Priority: 251
      QL Receive: QL-SEC
      QL Receive Configured: -
      QL Receive Overrided: -
      QL Transmit: -
      QL Transmit Configured: -
      Hold-off: 0
      Wait-to-restore: 0
      Lock Out: FALSE
      Signal Fail: FALSE
      Alarms: FALSE
      Slot Disabled: FALSE
      
      Local Interface: Et0/0
      Signal Type: NA
      Mode: Synchronous(Ql-enabled)
      ESMC Tx: Enable
      ESMC Rx: Enable
      Priority: 2
      QL Receive: QL-DNU
      QL Receive Configured: -
      QL Receive Overrided: -
      QL Transmit: -
      QL Transmit Configured: -
      Hold-off: 300
      Wait-to-restore: 300
      Lock Out: FALSE
      Signal Fail: FALSE
      Alarms: FALSE
      Slot Disabled: FALSE
      Dont Use: FALSE
      Configured Priority: 2
      Force Switch: FALSE
      Manual Switch: FALSE
      Manual Switch In progress: FALSE
      Holdoff_cfg: FALSE
      Wtr_cfg: FALSE
      Reason for alarm flag: 0
      Msw in progress: FALSE
      Intf_sig_nv: 0
      Hold off Timer: Stopped
      Wait to restore Timer: Stopped
      Switchover Timer: Stopped
      ESMC Tx Timer: Stopped 
      ESMC Rx Timer: Stopped
      Tsm Delay Timer: Stopped 
      

      Example Enabling and Disabling an SNMP Trap in the SyncE Event

      The following example shows how to enable and disable an SNMP trap in the SyncE event:

      Router > enable
      Router # configure terminal
      Router(config)# snmp-server enable traps netsync
      Router (config)# no snmp-server enable traps netsync
      Router (config)# end
      Router# show running-config all| include traps 
      snmp-server enable traps flowmon
      snmp-server enable traps sonet
      snmp-server enable traps netsync

      Additional References

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Cisco IOS commands

      Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

      Interface and hardware component configuration commands

      Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Command Reference

      Cisco 7600 Synchronous Ethernet

      Cisco 7600 Series Ethernet Services Plus (ES+) and Ethernet Services Plus T (ES+T) Line Card Configuration Guide

      Standards

      Standard

      Title

      ITU-T G.8262

      Timing characteristics of synchronous ethernet equipment slave clock (EEC)

      ITU-T G.8264

      Timing distribution through Packet Networks

      ITU-T G.781

      Synchronization layer functions

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      CISCO-NETSYNC-MIB

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

      RFCs

      RFC

      Title

      None

      --

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) ESMC and SSM

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE): ESMC and SSM

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Information

      Generating SNMP Trap in SyncE Feature

      15.1(2)S

      Cisco IOS XE Release 3.8S

      This feature describes how to set SNMP traps in SyncE to notifies the NMS about any unsolicited information.

      The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature:

      no snmp-server enable traps netsync, show running-config all| include trap, snmp-server enable traps netsync.

      Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE): ESMC and SSM

      15.0(1)S

      Cisco IOS XE Release 3.8S

      This feature supports ESMC and the SSM control protocol for SyncE to synchronize clock frequency over an Ethernet port with quality level selection.

      The following commands were introduced or modified by this feature: esmc mode ql-disabled, esmc process, show esmc, show interfaces accounting.