Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference
test cable-diagnostics through xmodem
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 1.75MB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 10.79MB) | The complete bookePub (ePub - 1.63MB) | Feedback

test cable-diagnostics through xmodem

test cable-diagnostics through xmodem

test cable-diagnostics through xmodem

test cable-diagnostics

To test the condition of 10-Gigabit Ethernet links or copper cables on 48-port 10/100/1000 BASE-T modules, use the test cable-diagnosticscommand in privileged EXEC mode.

test cable-diagnostics tdr interface type number

Syntax Description

tdr

Activates the TDR test for copper cables on 48-port 10/100/1000 BASE-T modules.

interface type

Specifies the interface type; see the “Usage Guidelines” section for valid values.

number

Module and port number.

Command Default

This command has no default settings.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(17a)SX

Support for this command was introduced on the Cisco 7600 series routers.

12.2(17b)SXA

This command was changed to provide support for the 4-port 10GBASE-E serial 10-Gigabit Ethernet module (WS-X6704-10GE).

12.2(17d)SXB

Support for this command on the Supervisor Engine 2 was extended to Release 12.2(17d)SXB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

Cable diagnostics can help you detect whether your cable has connectivity problems.

The TDR test guidelines are as follows:

  • TDR can test cables up to a maximum length of 115 meters.
  • The TDR test is supported on Cisco 7600 series routers running Release 12.2(17a)SX and later releases on specific mdoules. See the Release Notes for Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX on the Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 Supervisor Engine 720, Supervisor Engine 32, and Supervisor Engine 2 for the list of the modules that support TDR.
  • The valid values for interface typeare fastethernet and gigabitethernet.
  • Do not start the test at the same time on both ends of the cable. Starting the test at both ends of the cable at the same time can lead to false test results.
  • Do not change the port configuration during any cable diagnostics test. This action may result in incorrect test results.
  • The interface must be up before running the TDR test. If the port is down, the test cable-diagnostics tdr command is rejected and the following message is displayed:
Router# test cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet2/12
% Interface Gi2/12 is administratively down
% Use 'no shutdown' to enable interface before TDR test start.
  • If the port speed is 1000 and the link is up, do not disable the auto-MDIX feature.
  • For fixed 10/100 ports, before running the TDR test, disable auto-MDIX on both sides of the cable. Failure to do so can lead to misleading results.
  • For all other conditions, you must disable the auto-MDIX feature on both ends of the cable (use the no mdix autocommand). Failure to disable auto-MDIX will interfere with the TDR test and generate false results.
  • If a link partner has auto-MDIX enabled, this action will interfere with the TDR-cable diagnostics test and test results will be misleading. The workaround is to disable auto-MDIX on the link partner.
  • If you change the port speed from 1000 to 10/100, enter the no mdix autocommand before running the TDR test. Note that entering the speed 1000 command enables auto-MDIX regardless of whether the no mdix autocommand has been run.

Examples

This example shows how to run the TDR-cable diagnostics:

Router # test cable-diagnostics tdr interface gigabitethernet2/1 
TDR test started on interface Gi2/1 
A TDR test can take a few seconds to run on an interface 
Use 'show cable-diagnostics tdr' to read the TDR results.

Related Commands

Command

Description

clear cable-diagnostics tdr

Clears a specific interface or clears all interfaces that support TDR.

show cable-diagnostics tdr

Displays the test results for the TDR cable diagnostics.

test flash

To test Flash memory on MCI and envm Flash EPROM interfaces, use the test flash command in EXEC mode.

test flash

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

This command has no default values.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Examples

In the following example, the Flash memory is tested:

test flash

Related Commands

Command

Description

test interfaces

Tests the system interfaces on the modular router.

test memory

Performs a test of Multibus memory (including nonvolatile memory) on the modular router.

test interfaces

To test the system interfaces on the modular router, use the test interfaces command in EXEC mode.

test interfaces

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

This command has no default values.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The test interfaces EXEC command is intended for the factory checkout of network interfaces. It is not intended for diagnosing problems with an operational router. The test interfaces output does not report correct results if the router is attached to a “live” network. For each network interface that has an IP address that can be tested in loopback (MCI and ciscoBus Ethernet and all serial interfaces), the test interfaces command sends a series of ICMP echoes. Error counters are examined to determine the operational status of the interface.

Examples

In the following example, the system interfaces are tested:

test interfaces

Related Commands

Command

Description

test flash

Tests Flash memory on MCI and envm Flash EPROM interfaces.

test memory

Performs a test of Multibus memory (including nonvolatile memory) on the modular router.

test memory

To perform a test of Multibus memory (including nonvolatile memory) on the modular router, use the test memory command in privileged EXEC mode. The memory test overwrites memory.

test memory

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

This command overwrites memory.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The memory test overwrites memory. If you use the test memory command, you will need to rewrite nonvolatile memory. For example, if you test Multibus memory, which is the memory used by the CSC-R 4-Mbps Token Ring interfaces, you will need to reload the system before the network interfaces will operate properly. The test memory command is intended primarily for use by Cisco personnel.

Examples

In the following example, the memory is tested:

test memory

Related Commands

Command

Description

test flash

Tests Flash memory on MCI and envm Flash EPROM interfaces.

test interfaces

Tests the system interfaces on the modular router.

test memory destroy

To destroy a memory chunk or dangling reference, use the test memory destroycommand in privileged EXEC mode.

test memory destroy [ chunk | mgd-chunk | force-chunk | dangling-reference ] chunk-id

Syntax Description

chunk

(Optional) Ordinary chunk of memory.

mgd-chunk

(Optional) Managed chunk of memory.

force-chunk

(Optional) Chunk of memory that is destroyed forcefully.

dangling-reference

(Optional) Dangling reference of memory.

chunk-id

Address of the chunk to be destroyed.

Command Default

This command destroys memory chunks or dangling references on a router.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRC

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

The force-chunk keyword destroys a chunk of ordinary (not managed) memory, even if the memory has elements or siblings that are not free.


Caution


Use the force-chunk keyword carefully. A crash or corruption will occur if someone refers to the destroyed chunk or its elements.


Examples

In the following example, a chunk of ordinary memory is destroyed:

test memory destroy force-chunk

Related Commands

Command

Description

test memory chunk

Allocates or frees chunk elements from a chunk.

test memory create chunk

Creates a memory chunk.

test platform police get

To get the IPv6 internal police rate, use the test platform police get command in privileged EXEC mode.

test platform police get

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

0 (No rate has been applied.)

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRD1

The command was introduced on the Cisco 7600 series routers for the ES+ line cards, the SIP-400, and the 7600-ES+ITU-2TG and 7600-ES+ITU-4TG.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command under the exec command of the line card console. It is not visible from the route processor (RP) console.

Examples

The following example shows how to get the IPv6 internal police rate:

Router> enable 
Router# test platform police get       
IPv6 with HBH header is policed at 100000 kbps

Related Commands

Command

Description

test platform police set

Sets the IPv6 internal police rate.

test platform police set

To set the IPv6 internal police rate, use the test platform police set command in privileged EXEC mode. This command does not have a no form.

test platform police set rate

Syntax Description

rate

Specifies the internal police rate. The range is from 0 to 100000 kbps.

  • For the SIP-400, you can configure a rate up to, and including 25600 packets per second (PPS).
  • For the ES+ line cards and the 7600-ES+ITU-2TG and 7600-ES+ITU-4TG line cards, you can configure rates of:
    • 16 Kbps to 2 Mbps; granularity of 16 kbps
    • 2 Mbps to 100 Mbps; granularity of 64 kbps

Command Default

For ES40 line cards, the default police rate is 12.8 Mbps.

For the SIP-400, the default police rate is 21.36 kpps.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(33)SRD1

The command was introduced on the Cisco 7600 series routers for the ES+ line cards, the SIP-400, and the 7600-ES+ITU-2TG and 7600-ES+ITU-4TG.

Usage Guidelines

Use this command under the EXEC command of the line card console. It is not visible from the route processor (RP) console.


Note


There is not a no version of this command. If you have set a rate limit and wish to cancel it, you will need to use this command to set the rate to 0.


For both the ES+ line cards and the SIP-400, setting the police rate to 0 turns off the policing.

For both the ES+ line cards and the SIP-400, when the policer is set from the the line card console, the setting remains effective even if the line card is moved to another chassis running the Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRD1 (or later) image.

For the SIP-400, IPv6 HBH packets will continue to go through the QoS policing configured on the line card. For ES+ line cards, IPv6 HBH packets will bypass any QoS configured on the line card.

Examples

The following examples shows how to set the IPv6 with HBH header to be policed at 100000 kbps:

Router> enable 
Router# test platform police set 100000

Related Commands

Command

Description

test platform police get

Gets the IPv6 internal police rate.

tftp-server

To configure a router or a Flash memory device on the router as a TFTP server, use one of the following tftp-server commands in global configuration mode. This command replaces the tftp-server system command. To remove a previously defined filename, use the no form of this command with the appropriate filename.

tftp-server flash [ partition-number : ] filename1 [ alias filename2 ] [access-list-number]

tftp-server rom alias filename1 [access-list-number]

no tftp-server { flash [ partition-number : ] filename1 | rom alias filename2 }

Cisco 1600 Series and Cisco 3600 Series Routers

tftp-server flash [ device : ] [ partition-number : ] filename

no tftp-server flash [ device : ] [ partition-number : ] filename

Cisco 7000 Family Routers

tftp-server flash device : filename

no tftp-server flash device : filename

Syntax Description

flash

Specifies TFTP service of a file in Flash memory.

rom

Specifies TFTP service of a file in ROM.

filename1

Name of a file in Flash or in ROM that the TFTP server uses in answering TFTP Read Requests.

alias

Specifies an alternate name for the file that the TFTP server uses in answering TFTP Read Requests.

filename2

Alternate name of the file that the TFTP server uses in answering TFTP Read Requests. A client of the TFTP server can use this alternate name in its Read Requests.

access-list-number

(Optional) Basic IP access list number. Valid values are from 0 to 99.

partition-number :

(Optional) Specifies TFTP service of a file in the specified partition of Flash memory. If the partition number is not specified, the file in the first partition is used.

For the Cisco 1600 series and Cisco 3600 series routers, you must enter a colon after the partition number if a filename follows it.

device :

(Optional) Specifies TFTP service of a file on a Flash memory device in the Cisco 1600 series, Cisco 3600 series, and Cisco 7000 family routers. The colon is required. Valid devices are as follows:

  • flash --Internal Flash memory on the Cisco 1600 series and Cisco 3600 series routers. This is the only valid device for the Cisco 1600 series routers.
  • bootflash --Internal Flash memory in the Cisco 7000 family routers.
  • slot0 --First PCMCIA slot on the Cisco 3600 series and Cisco 7000 family routers .
  • slot1 --Second PCMCIA slot on the Cisco 3600 series and Cisco 7000 family .
  • slavebootflash --Internal Flash memory on the slave RSP card of a Cisco 7507 or Cisco 7513 router configured for HSA.
  • slaveslot0 --First PCMCIA slot of the slave RSP card on a Cisco 7507 or Cisco 7513 router configured for HSA.
  • slaveslot1 --Second PCMCIA slot of the slave RSP card on a Cisco 7507 or Cisco 7513 router configured for HSA.

filename

Name of the file on a Flash memory device that the TFTP server uses in answering a TFTP Read Request. Use this argument only with the Cisco 1600 series, Cisco 3600 series, Cisco 7000 series, or Cisco 7500 series routers.

Command Default

Disabled

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

You can specify multiple filenames by repeating the tftp-server command. The system sends a copy of the system image contained in ROM or one of the system images contained in Flash memory to any client that issues a TFTP Read Request with this filename.

If the specified filename1or filename2argument exists in Flash memory, a copy of the Flash image is sent. On systems that contain a complete image in ROM, the system sends the ROM image if the specified filename1or filename2argument is not found in Flash memory.

Images that run from ROM cannot be loaded over the network. Therefore, it does not make sense to use TFTP to offer the ROMs on these images.

On the Cisco 7000 family routers, the system sends a copy of the file contained on one of the Flash memory devices to any client that issues a TFTP Read Request with its filename.

Examples

In the following example, the system uses TFTP to send a copy of the version-10.3 file located in Flash memory in response to a TFTP Read Request for that file. The requesting host is checked against access list 22.

tftp-server flash version-10.3 22

In the following example, the system uses TFTP to send a copy of the ROM image gs3-k.101in response to a TFTP Read Request for the gs3-k.101 file:

tftp-server rom alias gs3-k.101

In the following example, the system uses TFTP to send a copy of the version-11.0filein response to a TFTP Read Request for that file. The file is located on the Flash memory card inserted in slot 0.

tftp-server flash slot0:version-11.0

The following example enables a Cisco 3600 series router to operate as a TFTP server. The source file c3640-i-mz is in the second partition of internal Flash memory.

Router# 
configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
router(config)# tftp-server flash flash:2:dirt/gate/c3640-i-mz

In the following example, the source file is in the second partition of the Flash memory PC card in slot 0 on a Cisco 3600 series:

Router# 
configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# 
tftp-server flash slot0:2:dirt/gate/c3640-j-mz

The following example enables a Cisco 1600 series router to operate as a TFTP server. The source file c1600-i-mz is in the second partition of Flash memory:

router# 
configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
router(config)# tftp-server flash flash:2:dirt/gate/c1600-i-mz

Related Commands

Command

Description

access-list

Creates an extended access list.

tftp-server system

The tftp -server system command has been replaced by the tftp-server command. See the description of the tftp-server command in this chapter for more information.

time-period

To set the time increment for automatically saving an archive file of the current running configuration in the Cisco configuration archive, use the time-period command in archive configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.

time-period minutes

no time-period minutes

Syntax Description

minutes

Specifies how often, in minutes, to automatically save an archive file of the current running configuration in the Cisco configuration archive.

Command Default

No time increment is set.

Command Modes

Archive configuration (config-archive)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(7)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.

12.2(28)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(28)SB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2(31)SB2

This command was implemented on the Cisco 10000 series router.

12.2(33)SXH

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH.

12.2(33)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SB and implemented on the Cisco 10000 series.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S.

Usage Guidelines


Note


Before using this command, you must configure the path command to specify the location and filename prefix for the files in the Cisco configuration archive.


If this command is configured, an archive file of the current running configuration is automatically saved after the given time specified by the minutes argument. Archive files continue to be automatically saved at this given time increment until this function is disabled. Use the maximum command to set the maximum number of archive files of the running configuration to be saved.


Note


This command saves the current running configuration to the configuration archive whether or not the running configuration has been modified since the last archive file was saved.


Examples

In the following example, a value of 20 minutes is set as the time increment for which to automatically save an archive file of the current running configuration in the Cisco configuration archive:

Device# configure terminal
!
Device(config)# archive
Device(config-archive)# path disk0:myconfig
Device(config-archive)# time-period 20
Device(config-archive)# end

Related Commands

Command

Description

archive config

Saves a copy of the current running configuration to the Cisco configuration archive.

configure confirm

Confirms replacement of the current running configuration with a saved Cisco configuration file.

configure replace

Replaces the current running configuration with a saved Cisco configuration file.

maximum

Sets the maximum number of archive files of the running configuration to be saved in the Cisco configuration archive.

path

Specifies the location and filename prefix for the files in the Cisco configuration archive.

show archive

Displays information about the files saved in the Cisco configuration archive.

trace (privileged)

To discover the routes that packets will actually take when traveling to their destination, use the trace command in privileged EXEC mode.

trace [protocol] [destination]

Syntax Description

protocol

(Optional) Protocols that can be used are appletalk, clns, ip and vines.

destination

(Optional) Destination address or host name on the command line. The default parameters for the appropriate protocol are assumed and the tracing action begins.

Command Default

The protocol argument is based on the Cisco IOS software examination of the format of the destination argument. For example, if the software finds a destination argument in IP format, the protocol value defaults to ip.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(13)T

This command is no longer supported in Cisco IOS Mainline releases or in Technology-based (T-train) releases. It might continue to appear in 12.2S-family releases.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The trace command works by taking advantage of the error messages generated by routers when a datagram exceeds its time-to-live (TTL) value.

The trace command starts by sending probe datagrams with a TTL value of one. This causes the first router to discard the probe datagram and send back an error message. The trace command sends several probes at each TTL level and displays the round-trip time for each.

The trace command sends out one probe at a time. Each outgoing packet may result in one or two error messages. A “time exceeded” error message indicates that an intermediate router has seen and discarded the probe. A “destination unreachable” error message indicates that the destination node has received the probe and discarded it because it could not deliver the packet. If the timer goes off before a response comes in, the tracecommand prints an asterisk (*).

The trace command terminates when the destination responds, when the maximum TTL is exceeded, or when the user interrupts the trace with the escape sequence. By default, to invoke the escape sequence, type Ctrl-^ X by simultaneously pressing and releasing the Ctrl, Shift, and 6 keys, and then pressing the X key.

To use nondefault parameters and invoke an extended trace test, enter the command without a destination argument. You will be stepped through a dialog to select the desired parameters.

Common Trace Problems

Due to bugs in the IP implementation of various hosts and routers, the IP trace command may behave in unexpected ways.

Not all destinations will respond correctly to a probe message by sending back an “ICMP port unreachable” message. A long sequence of TTL levels with only asterisks, terminating only when the maximum TTL has been reached, may indicate this problem.

There is a known problem with the way some hosts handle an “ICMP TTL exceeded” message. Some hosts generate an “ICMP” message but they reuse the TTL of the incoming packet. Because this is zero, the ICMP packets do not make it back. When you trace the path to such a host, you may see a set of TTL values with asterisks (*). Eventually the TTL gets high enough that the ICMP message can get back. For example, if the host is six hops away, the trace command will time out on responses 6 through 11.

Trace IP Routes

The following display shows sample IP trace output when a destination host name has been specified:

Router# trace ABA.NYC.mil

Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to ABA.NYC.mil (26.0.0.73)
  	1 DEBRIS.CISCO.COM (192.180.1.6) 1000 msec 8 msec 4 msec
  	2 BARRNET-GW.CISCO.COM (192.180.16.2) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec
  	3 EXTERNAL-A-GATEWAY.STANFORD.EDU (192.42.110.225) 8 msec 4 msec 4 msec
  	4 BB2.SU.BARRNET.NET (192.200.254.6) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec
  	5 SU.ARC.BARRNET.NET (192.200.3.8) 12 msec 12 msec 8 msec
  	6 MOFFETT-FLD-MB.in.MIL (192.52.195.1) 216 msec 120 msec 132 msec
  	7 ABA.NYC.mil (26.0.0.73) 412 msec 628 msec 664 msec

The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 1 trace Field Descriptions

Field

Description

1

Indicates the sequence number of the router in the path to the host.

DEBRIS.CISCO.COM

Host name of this router.

192.180.1.6

Internet address of this router.

1000 msec 8 msec 4 msec

Round-trip time for each of the three probes that are sent.

Extended IP Trace Dialog

The following display shows a sample trace session involving the extended dialog of the trace command:

Router# trace
Protocol [ip]:
Target IP address: mit.edu
Source address:
Numeric display [n]:
Timeout in seconds [3]:
Probe count [3]:
Minimum Time to Live [1]:
Maximum Time to Live [30]:
Port Number [33434]:
Loose, Strict, Record, Timestamp, Verbose[none]:
Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to MIT.EDU (18.72.2.1)
  1 ICM-DC-2-V1.ICP.NET (192.108.209.17) 72 msec 72 msec 88 msec
  2 ICM-FIX-E-H0-T3.ICP.NET (192.157.65.122) 80 msec 128 msec 80 msec
  3 192.203.229.246 540 msec 88 msec 84 msec
  4 T3-2.WASHINGTON-DC-CNSS58.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.58.3) 84 msec 116 msec 88 msec
  5 T3-3.WASHINGTON-DC-CNSS56.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.56.4) 80 msec 132 msec 88 msec
  6 T3-0.NEW-YORK-CNSS32.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.32.1) 92 msec 132 msec 88 msec
  7 T3-0.HARTFORD-CNSS48.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.48.1) 88 msec 88 msec 88 msec
  8 T3-0.HARTFORD-CNSS49.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.49.1) 96 msec 104 msec 96 msec
  9 T3-0.ENSS134.T3.ANS.NET (140.222.134.1) 92 msec 128 msec 92 msec
 10 W91-CISCO-EXTERNAL-FDDI.MIT.EDU (192.233.33.1) 92 msec 92 msec 112 msec
 11 E40-RTR-FDDI.MIT.EDU (18.168.0.2) 92 msec 120 msec 96 msec
 12 MIT.EDU (18.72.2.1) 96 msec 92 msec 96 msec  	

The following table describes the fields that are unique to the extended trace sequence, as shown in the display.

Table 2 trace Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Target IP address

You must enter a host name or an IP address. There is no default.

Source address

One of the interface addresses of the router to use as a source address for the probes. The router will normally pick what it feels is the best source address to use.

Numeric display

The default is to have both a symbolic and numeric display; however, you can suppress the symbolic display.

Timeout in seconds

The number of seconds to wait for a response to a probe packet. The default is 3 seconds.

Probe count

The number of probes to be sent at each TTL level. The default count is 3.

Minimum Time to Live [1]

The TTL value for the first probes. The default is 1, but it can be set to a higher value to suppress the display of known hops.

Maximum Time to Live [30]

The largest TTL value that can be used. The default is 30. The trace command terminates when the destination is reached or when this value is reached.

Port Number

The destination port used by the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) probe messages. The default is 33434.

Loose, Strict, Record, Timestamp, Verbose

IP header options. You can specify any combination. The trace command issues prompts for the required fields. Note that the trace command will place the requested options in each probe; however, there is no guarantee that all routers (or end nodes) will process the options.

Loose

Allows you to specify a list of nodes that must be traversed when going to the destination.

Strict

Allows you to specify a list of nodes that must be the only nodes traversed when going to the destination.

Record

Allows you to specify the number of hops to leave room for.

Timestamp

Allows you to specify the number of time stamps to leave room for.

Verbose

If you select any option, the verbose mode is automatically selected and the trace command prints the contents of the option field in any incoming packets. You can prevent verbose mode by selecting it again, toggling its current setting.

The following table describes the characters that can appear in trace command output.

Table 3 ip trace Text Characters

Char

Description

nn msec

For each node, the round-trip time (in milliseconds) for the specified number of probes.

*

The probe timed out.

?

Unknown packet type.

A

Administratively unreachable. Usually, this output indicates that an access list is blocking traffic.

H

Host unreachable.

N

Network unreachable.

P

Protocol unreachable.

Q

Source quench.

U

Port unreachable.

Related Commands

Command

Description

trace (user)

Discovers the CLNS routes that packets will actually take when traveling to their destination.

trace (user)

To discover the IP routes that packets will actually take when traveling to their destination, use the trace command in EXEC mode.

trace [protocol] [destination]

Syntax Description

protocol

(Optional) Protocols that can be used are appletalk, clns, ip and vines.

destination

(Optional) Destination address or host name on the command line. The default parameters for the appropriate protocol are assumed and the tracing action begins.

Command Default

The protocol argument is based on the Cisco IOS software examination of the format of the destination argument. For example, if the software finds a destination argument in IP format, the protocol defaults to ip.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(13)T

This command is no longer supported in Cisco IOS Mainline releases or in Technology-based (T-train) releases. It might continue to appear in 12.2S-family releases.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The trace command works by taking advantage of the error messages generated by routers when a datagram exceeds its time-to-live (TTL) value.

The trace command starts by sending probe datagrams with a TTL value of one. This causes the first router to discard the probe datagram and send back an error message. The trace command sends several probes at each TTL level and displays the round-trip time for each.

The trace command sends out one probe at a time. Each outgoing packet may result in one or two error messages. A “time exceeded” error message indicates that an intermediate router has seen and discarded the probe. A “destination unreachable” error message indicates that the destination node has received the probe and discarded it because it could not deliver the packet. If the timer goes off before a response comes in, trace prints an asterisk (*).

The trace command terminates when the destination responds, when the maximum TTL is exceeded, or when the user interrupts the trace with the escape sequence. By default, to invoke the escape sequence, type Ctrl-^ X by simultaneously pressing and releasing the Ctrl, Shift, and 6 keys, and then pressing the X key.

Common Trace Problems

Due to bugs in the IP implementation of various hosts and routers, the IP trace command may behave in unexpected ways.

Not all destinations will respond correctly to a probe message by sending back an “ICMP port unreachable” message. A long sequence of TTL levels with only asterisks, terminating only when the maximum TTL has been reached, may indicate this problem.

There is a known problem with the way some hosts handle an “ICMP TTL exceeded” message. Some hosts generate an ICMP message but they reuse the TTL of the incoming packet. Since this is zero, the ICMP packets do not make it back. When you trace the path to such a host, you may see a set of TTL values with asterisks (*). Eventually the TTL gets high enough that the “ICMP” message can get back. For example, if the host is six hops away, trace will time out on responses 6 through 11.

Trace IP Routes

The following display shows sample IP trace output when a destination host name has been specified:

Router# trace ip ABA.NYC.mil
Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to ABA.NYC.mil (26.0.0.73)
  1 DEBRIS.CISCO.COM (192.180.1.6) 1000 msec 8 msec 4 msec
  2 BARRNET-GW.CISCO.COM (192.180.16.2) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec
  3 EXTERNAL-A-GATEWAY.STANFORD.EDU (192.42.110.225) 8 msec 4 msec 4 msec
  4 BB2.SU.BARRNET.NET (192.200.254.6) 8 msec 8 msec 8 msec
  5 SU.ARC.BARRNET.NET (192.200.3.8) 12 msec 12 msec 8 msec
  6 MOFFETT-FLD-MB.in.MIL (192.52.195.1) 216 msec 120 msec 132 msec
  7 ABA.NYC.mil (26.0.0.73) 412 msec 628 msec 664 msec

The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display.

Table 4 trace Field Descriptions

Field

Description

1

Indicates the sequence number of the router in the path to the host.

DEBRIS.CISCO.COM

Host name of this router.

192.180.1.61

Internet address of this router.

1000 msec 8 msec 4 msec

Round-trip time for each of the three probes that are sent.

The following table describes the characters that can appear in trace output.

Table 5 ip trace Text Characters

Char

Description

nn msec

For each node, the round-trip time (in milliseconds) for the specified number of probes.

*

The probe timed out.

?

Unknown packet type.

A

Administratively unreachable. Usually, this output indicates that an access list is blocking traffic.

H

Host unreachable.

N

Network unreachable.

P

Protocol unreachable.

Q

Source quench.

U

Port unreachable.

Related Commands

Command

Description

trace (privileged)

Probes the routes that packets follow when traveling to their destination from the router.

traceroute

To discover the routes that packets will actually take when traveling to their destination address, use the traceroute command in user EXEC or privileged EXEC mode.

traceroute [ vrf vrf-name | topology topology-name ] [protocol] destination

Syntax Description

vrf vrf-name

(Optional) Specifies the name of a VPN virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) instance table in which to find the destination address. The only keyword that you can select for the protocol argument when you use the vrf vrf-name keyword-argument pair is the ip keyword.

topology topology-name

(Optional) Specifies the name of the topology instance. The topology-name argument is case-sensitive; “VOICE” and “voice” specify different topologies.

protocol

(Optional) Protocol keyword, either appletalk, clns, ip, ipv6, ipx, oldvines, or vines. When not specified, the protocol argument is based on an examination by the software of the format of the destination argument. The default protocol is IP.

destination

(Optional in privileged EXEC mode; required in user EXEC mode) The Destination address or hostname you want to trace of the route. The software determines the default parameters for the appropriate protocol and the tracing action begins.

Command Default

When not specified, the protocol argument is determined by the software examining the format of the destination argument. For example, if the software finds a destination argument in IP format, the protocol value defaults to IP.

Command Modes

User EXEC (>)

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.0(5)T

The vrf vrf-name keyword and argument were added.

12.2(2)T

This command was modified, support for IPv6 was added.

12.0(21)ST

This command was modified, support for IPv6 was added.

12.0(22)S

This command was modified, support for IPv6 was added.

12.2(11)T

The traceroute command test characters for IPv6 were updated. A new error message was added.

12.2(14)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(14)S.

12.3(5)

This command was modified, a line was added to the interactive traceroute vrf command, so that you can resolve the autonomous system number through the use of the global table or a VRF table, or you can choose not to resolve the autonomous system.

12.0(26)S1

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(26)S1.

12.2(20)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(20)S.

12.2(28)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(28)SB.

12.2(25)SG

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)SG.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2(33)SRB

The topology topology-name keyword-argument pair was added to support Multitopology Routing (MTR).

12.2(33)SXH

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH.

12.2(33)SRE

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S

This command was modified. When the vrf keyword is used, the output displays the incoming VRF name/tag and the outgoing VRF name/tag.

15.0(1)SY

This command was modified. When the vrf keyword is used, the output displays the incoming VRF name/tag and the outgoing VRF name/tag.

15. 2 (2)SNI

This command was implemented on the Cisco ASR 901 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

Usage Guidelines

The traceroute command works by taking advantage of the error messages generated by devices when a datagram exceeds its hop limit value.

The traceroute command starts by sending probe datagrams with a hop limit of 1. Including a hop limit of 1 with a probe datagram causes the neighboring devices to discard the probe datagram and send back an error message. The traceroute command sends several probes with increasing hop limits and displays the round-trip time for each.

The traceroute command sends out one probe at a time. Each outgoing packet might result in one or more error messages. A time-exceeded error message indicates that an intermediate device has seen and discarded the probe. A destination unreachable error message indicates that the destination node has received and discarded the probe because the hop limit of the packet reached a value of 0. If the timer goes off before a response comes in, the traceroute command prints an asterisk (*).

The traceroute command terminates when the destination responds, when the hop limit is exceeded, or when the user interrupts the trace with the escape sequence. By default, to invoke the escape sequence, simultaneously press and release the Ctrl, Shift, and 6 keys, and then pressing the X key.

To use nondefault parameters and invoke an extended traceroute test, enter the command without a protocol or destination argument in privileged EXEC mode then follow a series of steps to select the desired parameters. Extended traceroute tests are not supported in user EXEC mode. The user-level traceroute feature provides a basic trace facility for users who do not have system privileges. The destination argument is required in user EXEC mode.

If the system cannot map an address for a hostname, it returns a “%No valid source address for destination” message.

If the vrf vrf-name keyword-argument pair is used, the topology option is not displayed because only the default VRF instance is supported. The topology topology-name keyword-argument pair and the DiffServ Code Point (DSCP) option in the extended traceroute system dialog are displayed only if a topology is configured on the device.

In Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S, output of the traceroute command with the vrf keyword was enhanced to make troubleshooting easier by displaying the incoming VRF name/tag and the outgoing VRF name/tag.

Examples

After you enter the traceroute command in privileged EXEC mode, the system prompts you for a protocol. The default protocol is IP.

If you enter a hostname or address on the same line as the traceroute command, the default action is taken as appropriate for the protocol type of that name or address.

The following example is sample output from the traceroute command using default values in privileged EXEC mode. The specific output varies somewhat from protocol to protocol.

Device# traceroute
Protocol [ip]:
Target IP address: 
Source address:
DSCP Value [0]: ! Only displayed if a topology is configured on the device.
Numeric display [n]:
Timeout in seconds [3]:
Probe count [3]:
Minimum Time to Live [1]:
Maximum Time to Live [30]:
Port Number [33434]:
Loose, Strict, Record, Timestamp, Verbose [none]:

The following example displays output available in Cisco IOS XE Release 3.2S and later. Output of the traceroute command with the vrf keyword includes the incoming VRF name/tag and the outgoing VRF name/tag.

Device# traceroute vrf red 10.0.10.12 
Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to 10.0.10.12
VRF info: (vrf in name/id, vrf out name/id)
  1 10.1.13.15 (red/13,red/13) 0 msec
    10.1.16.16 (red/13,red/13) 0 msec
    10.1.13.15 (red/13,red/13) 1 msec
  2 10.1.8.13 (red/13,red/13) 0 msec
    10.1.7.13 (red/13,red/13) 0 msec
    10.1.8.13 (red/13,red/13) 0 msec
  3 10.1.2.11 (red/13,blue/10) 1 msec 0 msec 0 msec
  4  *  *  *

Related Commands

Command

Description

ping (MTR)

Pings a destination within a specific topology for MTR.

traceroute mac

To display the Layer 2 path taken by the packets from the specified source to the specified destination, use the traceroute maccommand in privileged EXEC mode.

traceroute mac source-mac-address { destination-mac-address | interface type interface-number destination-mac-address } [ vlan vlan-id ] [detail]

traceroute mac interface type interface-number source-mac-address { destination-mac-address | interface type interface-number destination-mac-address } [ vlan vlan-id ] [detail]

traceroute mac ip { source-ip-address | source-hostname } { destination-ip-address | destination-hostname } [detail]

Syntax Description

source-mac-address

Media Access Control (MAC) address of the source switch in hexadecimal format.

destination-mac-address

MAC address of the destination switch in hexadecimal format.

interface type

Specifies the interface where the MAC address resides; valid values are FastEthernet, GigabitEthernet, and Port-channel.

interface-number

Module and port number or the port-channel number; valid values for the port channel are from 1 to 282.

vlan vlan-id

(Optional) Specifies the virtual local area network (VLAN) on which to trace the Layer 2 path that the packets take from the source switch to the destination switch; valid values are from 1 to 4094.

detail

(Optional) Displays detailed information about the Layer 2 trace.

ip

Specifies the IP address where the MAC address resides.

source-ip-address

IP address of the source switch as a 32-bit quantity in dotted-decimal format.

source-hostname

IP hostname of the source switch.

destination-ip-address

IP address of the destination switch as a 32-bit quantity in dotted-decimal format.

destination-hostname

IP hostname of the destination switch.

Command Default

This command has no default settings.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(18)SXE

Support for this command was introduced on the Supervisor Engine 720.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

This command is not supported on the Cisco 7600 series router that is configured with a Supervisor Engine 2.

Do not use leading zeros when entering a VLAN ID.

For Layer 2 traceroute to functional properly, you must enable CDP on all of the switches in the network. Do not disable CDP.

When the switch detects a device in the Layer 2 path that does not support Layer 2 traceroute, the switch continues to send Layer 2 trace queries and lets them time out.

The maximum number of hops identified in the path is ten .

Layer 2 traceroute supports only unicast traffic. If you specify a multicast source or destination MAC address, the physical path is not identified, and a message appears.

The traceroute mac command output shows the Layer 2 path when the specified source and destination addresses belong to the same VLAN. If you specify source and destination addresses that belong to different VLANs, the Layer 2 path is not identified, and a message appears.

If the source or destination MAC address belongs to multiple VLANs, you must specify the VLAN to which both the source and destination MAC addresses belong. If the VLAN is not specified, the path is not identified, and a message appears.

When multiple devices are attached to one port through hubs (for example, multiple CDP neighbors are detected on a port), the Layer 2 traceroute utility terminates at that hop and displays an error message.

This feature is not supported in Token Ring VLANs.

Examples

This example shows how to display detailed information about the Layer 2 path:

Router# traceroute mac 0001.0000.0204 0001.0000.0304 detail 
Source 1001.0000.0204 found on VAYU[WS-C6509] (10.1.1.10)
1 VAYU / WS-C6509 / 10.1.1.10 :
Gi6/1 [full, 1000M] => Po100 [auto, auto]
2 PANI / WS-C6509 / 10.1.1.12 :
Po100 [auto, auto] => Po110 [auto, auto]
3 BUMI / WS-C6509 / 10.1.1.13 :
Po110 [auto, auto] => Po120 [auto, auto]
4 AGNI / WS-C6509 / 10.1.1.11 :
Po120 [auto, auto] => Gi8/12 [full, 1000M]
Destination 1001.0000.0304 found on AGNI[WS-C6509] (10.1.1.11)
Layer 2 trace completed.
Router# 

This example shows the output when the switch is not connected to the source switch:

Router# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0501 0000.0201.0201 detail
Source not directly connected, tracing source .....
Source 1000.0201.0501 found on con5[WS-C6509] (10.2.5.5)
con5 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.5.5 :
        Fa0/1 [auto, auto] =>Gi0/1 [auto, auto]
con1 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.1.1 :
        Gi0/1 [auto, auto] =>Gi0/2 [auto, auto]
con2 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.2.2 :
        Gi0/2 [auto, auto] =>Fa0/1 [auto, auto]
Destination 1000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C6509] (10.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed.
Router# 

This example shows the output when the switch cannot find the destination port for the source MAC address:

Router# traceroute mac 0000.0011.1111 0000.0201.0201
Error:Source Mac address not found. 
Layer2 trace aborted.
Router# 

This example shows the output when the source and destination devices are in different VLANs:

Router# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0301.0201
Error:Source and destination macs are on different vlans. 
Layer2 trace aborted.
Router# 

This example shows the output when the destination MAC address is a multicast address:

Router# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0100.0201.0201
Invalid destination mac address
Router# 

This example shows the output when the source and destination switches belong to multiple VLANs:

Router# traceroute mac 0000.0201.0601 0000.0201.0201
Error:Mac found on multiple vlans.
Layer2 trace aborted.
Router# 

This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the interfaces on the source and destination switches:

Router# traceroute mac interface fastethernet0/1 0000.0201.0601 interface fastethernet0/3 0000.0201.0201
Source 1000.0201.0601 found on con6[WS-C6509] (10.2.6.6)
con6 (10.2.6.6) :Fa0/1 =>Fa0/3
con5                 (10.2.5.5        )  :    Fa0/3 =>Gi0/1
con1                 (10.2.1.1        )  :    Gi0/1 =>Gi0/2
con2                 (10.2.2.2        )  :    Gi0/2 =>Fa0/1
Destination 1000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C6509] (10.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed
Router# 

This example shows how to display detailed traceroute information:

Router# traceroute mac ip 10.2.66.66 10.2.22.22 detail
Translating IP to mac..... 
10.2.66.66 =>0000.0201.0601
10.2.22.22 =>0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6[WS-C6509] (10.2.6.6)
con6 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.6.6 :
        Fa0/1 [auto, auto] =>Fa0/3 [auto, auto]
con5 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.5.5 :
        Fa0/3 [auto, auto] =>Gi0/1 [auto, auto]
con1 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.1.1 :
        Gi0/1 [auto, auto] =>Gi0/2 [auto, auto]
con2 / WS-C6509 / 10.2.2.2 :
        Gi0/2 [auto, auto] =>Fa0/1 [auto, auto]
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2[WS-C6509] (10.2.2.2)
Layer 2 trace completed.
Router# 

This example shows how to display the Layer 2 path by specifying the source and destination hostnames:

Router# traceroute mac ip con6 con2
Translating IP to mac ..... 
10.2.66.66 =>0000.0201.0601
10.2.22.22 =>0000.0201.0201
Source 0000.0201.0601 found on con6
con6 (10.2.6.6) :Fa0/1 =>Fa0/3
con5                 (10.2.5.5        )  :    Fa0/3 =>Gi0/1
con1                 (10.2.1.1        )  :    Gi0/1 =>Gi0/2
con2                 (10.2.2.2        )  :    Gi0/2 =>Fa0/1
Destination 0000.0201.0201 found on con2
Layer 2 trace completed
Router# 

This example shows the output when ARP cannot associate the source IP address with the corresponding MAC address:

Router# traceroute mac ip 10.2.66.66 10.2.77.77
Arp failed for destination 10.2.77.77.
Layer2 trace aborted.
Router# 

undelete

To recover a file marked “deleted” on a Class A Flash file system, use the undelete command in user EXEC or privileged EXEC mode.

undelete index [ filesystem : ]

Syntax Description

index

A number that indexes the file in the dir command output.

filesystem :

(Optional) A file system containing the file to undelete, followed by a colon.

Command Default

The default file system is the one specified by the cd command.

Command Modes

user EXEC privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

11.0

This command was introduced for Class A Flash File Systems (platforms include the Cisco 7500 series and Cisco 12000 series).

12.2(14)SX

Support for this command was introduced on the Supervisor Engine 720.

12.2(17d)SXB

Support for this command was introduced on the Supervisor Engine 2.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

For Class A Flash file systems, when you delete a file, the Cisco IOS software simply marks the file as deleted, but it does not erase the file. This command allows you to recover a “deleted” file on a specified Flash memory device. You must undelete a file by its index because you could have multiple deleted files with the same name. For example, the “deleted” list could contain multiple configuration files with the name router-config. You undelete by index to indicate which of the many router-config files from the list to undelete. Use the dir command to learn the index number of the file you want to undelete.

You cannot undelete a file if a valid (undeleted) file with the same name exists. Instead, you first delete the existing file and then undelete the file you want. For example, if you had an undeleted version of the router-config file and you wanted to use a previous, deleted version instead, you could not simply undelete the previous version by index. You would first delete the existing router-config file and then undelete the previous router-config file by index. You can delete and undelete a file up to 15 times.

On Class A Flash file systems, if you try to recover the configuration file pointed to by the CONFIG_FILE environment variable, the system prompts you to confirm recovery of the file. This prompt reminds you that the CONFIG_FILE environment variable points to an undeleted file. To permanently delete all files marked “deleted” on a Flash memory device, use the squeeze EXEC command.

For further information on Flash File System types (classes), see http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/routers/ps341/products_tech_note09186a00800a7515.shtml.

Examples

In the following example, the deleted file at index 1 is recovered:

Router# show flash
 
 
System flash directory:
File  Length   Name/status
  1   8972116  c7000-js56i-mz.121-5.T [deleted] 
  2   6765916  c7000-ds-mz.CSCds70452 
[15738160 bytes used, 1039056 available, 16777216 total]
16384K bytes of processor board System flash (Read/Write)
Router# undelete 1 flash:

Related Commands

Command

Description

delete

Deletes a file on a Flash memory device.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system.

squeeze

Permanently deletes Flash files by squeezing a Class A Flash file system.

unprofile

To free the memory either by deleting data or disabling the profiles, use the unprofilecommand in privilegedEXEC mode.

unprofile { process { process-ID | process-name } } { start-address end-address increment | all | task }

Syntax Description

process

Sets the process specific information.

process-ID

Process ID. The range is from 1 to 4294967295.

process-name

Name of the process.

start-address

Starting address of the profile.

end-address

Ending address of the profile.

increment

Incrementing address of the profile.

all

Deletes all profile data.

task

Disables task profiling.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.0(1)M

This command was introduced in a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

12.2(33)SRB

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRB.

12.2(33)SXI

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXI.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This command was implemented on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

Examples

The following example shows how to delete all the profile data:

Router# unprofile
 process all

upgrade automatic abortversion

To cancel the scheduled reloading of the device with a new Cisco software image, use the upgrade automatic abortversion command in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade automatic abortversion

no upgrade automatic abortversion

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Default

The reload of the device with the Cisco software image is not scheduled. The disk-management utility is disabled.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(15)T

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S.

Usage Guidelines

Use the upgrade automatic abortversion command to cancel a reload that has already been scheduled with either the upgrade automatic getversion command or the upgrade automatic runversion command.

Examples

The following example shows how to cancel a reload that is scheduled within one hour and 15 minutes. The reload was scheduled by using the upgrade automatic runversion command.

Device# upgrade automatic runversion in 01:15
Upgrading to "flash:c1841-adventerprisek9-mz.calvin-build-20060714". Wait..
Reload scheduled for 09:51:38 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 (in 1 hour and 15 minutes) with image -
flash:c1841-adventerprisek9-mz.calvin-build-20060714 by console
Reload reason: Auto upgrade
Device will WARM UPGRADE in 1:15:00
To cancel the upgrade, enter the command "upgrade automatic abortversion"
Aug  3 08:36:38.072: %SYS-5-SCHEDULED_RELOAD: Reload requested for 09:51:38 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 at 08:36:38 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 by console. Reload Reason: Auto upgrade.
Device# upgrade automatic abortversion
Auto upgrade of image which was scheduled earlier is aborted!
***
*** --- SHUTDOWN ABORTED ---
***
Aug  3 08:37:02.292: %SYS-5-SCHEDULED_RELOAD_CANCELLED:  Scheduled reload cancelled at 08:37:02 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 

Related Commands

Command

Description

upgrade automatic getversion

Downloads a Cisco software image directly from www.cisco.com or from a non-Cisco server.

upgrade automatic runversion

Reloads the device with a new Cisco software image.

upgrade automatic getversion

To download a Cisco software image directly from www.cisco.com or from a non-Cisco server, use the upgrade automatic getversion command in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade automatic getversion { cisco username username password password image image | url } { [ at hh:mm ] | now | [ in hh:mm ] } [ disk-management { auto | confirm | no } ]

Syntax Description

cisco

Downloads the image from www.cisco.com.

username username

Username for logging in to www.cisco.com.

password password

Password for logging in to www.cisco.com.

image

Specifies the Cisco software image to which the device is to be upgraded.

image

Name of the Cisco software image to which the device is to be upgraded.

url

URL from where the Cisco Auto-Upgrade Manager can download the image that has already been downloaded to a non-Cisco server.

at

(Optional) Schedules a reload at a specified time. Use either of the following arguments with this keyword:

  • hh:mm-- Hour and minute. The time entered must be in 24-hour format.
  • now-- Immediately after the download of the Cisco software image.

in hh:mm

(Optional) Schedules a reload in a specified length of time after downloading the Cisco software image.

disk-management

(Optional) Cisco Auto-Upgrade Manager disk cleanup utility. You must configure one of the following keywords:

  • auto --Deletes the files without asking for confirmation.
  • confirm --Asks for confirmation before deleting a file.
  • no --Never deletes any file.

Command Default

The reload of the device with the Cisco software image is not scheduled. The disk-management utility is disabled.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(15)T

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S.

Usage Guidelines

Use the upgrade automatic getversion command to download the Cisco software image to a device. You can either download the image from the Cisco website (www.cisco.com) or from a non-Cisco server to which the Cisco software image has already been downloaded from the Cisco website.

You can also use this command to schedule a reload. Additionally, this command can use the disk cleanup utility to delete files if there is not enough space to download the new Cisco software image.

Examples

The following example shows how to download a Cisco software image from the Cisco website (www.cisco.com). Here, the reloading of the device with the downloaded Cisco software image is not scheduled. Also, the disk-cleanup utility is not enabled.

Device# upgrade automatic getversion cisco username myusername password mypassword image c3825-adventerprisek9-mz.124-2.XA.bin

Examples

The following example shows how to download the Cisco software image from a non-Cisco TFTP server and reload the device immediately after the download. It also shows how to delete the files automatically if there is not enough disk space.

Device# upgrade automatic getversion tftp://abc/tom/c3825-adventerprisek9-mz.124-2.XA.bin at now disk-management auto

Examples

The following example shows how to use this command in interactive mode to download a Cisco software image from a non-Cisco server. Here, the reloading of the device with the downloaded Cisco software image is not scheduled.

Device# upgrade automatic
 
################################################################################
Welcome to the Cisco Auto Upgrade Manager. To upgrade your device, please answer the following questions. To accept the default value for a question, simply hit <ENTER>
################################################################################
Would you like to download an image directly from Cisco Server over the Internet? A valid Cisco login will be required.
Download from Cisco server? [yes]: no
Image location:tftp://10.1.0.1/emailid/c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review
Image Found: c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review (42245860 bytes)
Memory Available: 851Mb Main Memory (RAM) - 71335936 bytes of flash space
New image will be downloaded to flash:c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review
Reload and upgrade the device immediately after image download is complete? [yes]: no
When would you like to reload your device? Use hh:mm format or specify "Manual" to not schedule a reload time. Use 'upgrade automatic runversion' to reload manually.
Time to reload the box [Manual]?
Proceed with device image upgrade from [tftp://10.1.0.1/emailid/c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review] to [c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review]? [yes]: 
Downloading Image from user specified url:
Loading emailid/c3825-adventerprisek9-mz_pi6_aum_review from 172.16.0.0(via GigabitEthernet0/0): !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 42245860 bytes]
 [download complete]
Verifiying the image: .........................
Done!
Image Verification: PASS
Use 'upgrade automatic runversion' command to reload manually.

Related Commands

Command

Description

upgrade automatic abortversion

Cancels upgrading the device with a new Cisco software image.

upgrade automatic runversion

Reloads the device with a new Cisco software image.

upgrade automatic runversion

To reload the device with a new Cisco software image, use the upgrade automatic runversion command in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade automatic runversion { at hh:mm | now | in hh:mm }

Syntax Description

at

Schedules a reload at a specified time. Use either of the following arguments with this keyword:

  • hh:mm-- Hour and minute. The time entered must be in 24-hour format.
  • now-- Immediately after the download of the Cisco software image.

in hh:mm

Schedules a reload in a specified length of time after downloading the Cisco software image.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.4(15)T

This command was introduced.

Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 3.9S.

Usage Guidelines

Use the upgrade automatic runversion command to schedule a reload after downloading a Cisco software image using the upgrade automatic getversion command.


Note


You can also use the upgrade automatic getversion command to reload the device with the new Cisco software image. However, if you have already downloaded the Cisco software image using the upgrade automatic getversion command, you should use the upgrade automatic runversion command to reload the device.


Examples

The following example shows how to schedule a reload after downloading a Cisco software image:

Device# show clock
09:01:36.124 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006
Device# upgrade automatic runversion at 10:20
Upgrading to "flash:c1841-adventerprisek9-mz.calvin-build-20060714". Wait..
Reload scheduled for 10:20:00 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 (in 1 hour and 18 minutes) with image -
flash:c1841-adventerprisek9-mz.calvin-build-20060714 by console
Reload reason: Auto upgrade
Device will WARM UPGRADE at 10:20:00
To cancel the upgrade, enter the command "upgrade automatic abortversion"
Device#
Aug  3 09:01:58.116: %SYS-5-SCHEDULED_RELOAD: Reload requested for 10:20:00 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 at 09:01:58 UTC Thu Aug 3 2006 by console. Reload Reason: Auto upgrade.

Related Commands

Command

Description

upgrade automatic abortversion

Cancels upgrading the device with a new Cisco software image.

upgrade automatic getversion

Downloads a Cisco software image directly from www.cisco.com or from a non-Cisco server.

upgrade filesystem monlib

To upgrade the ATA ROM monitor library (monlib) file without erasing file system data, use the upgrade filesystem monlibcommand in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade filesystem monlib { disk0 | disk1 }

Syntax Description

disk0

Selects disk 0 as the file system to be formatted.

disk1

Selects disk 1 as the file system to be formatted.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC(#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(7)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.

12.2YST

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2YST.

Usage Guidelines

If you attempt to upgrade the ATA monlib file on a disk that has not been formatted on a router running Cisco IOS software, the upgrade operation will fail.

If the amount of space available on the disk for the monlib image is smaller than the monlib image you are trying to upgrade to, the upgrade operation will fail. The amount of space available for the monlib file can be determined by issuing the show disk command with the all keyword specified. The “Disk monlib size” field displays the number of bytes available for the ATA monlib file.

Examples

The following example shows how to upgrade the ATA monlib file on disk 0:

Router# upgrade filesystem monlib disk0
Hash Computation:    100%Done!
Computed Hash   SHA2: DFBA87256310DC8A7B7BF8158451F7F4
                      0AC333C9B396D9D0E42DDBD542C30E08
                      F3946DDE692AF04F0B20F29BE51C49C4
                      1B631790A542D81F9A7C90ABC2426960
                      
Embedded Hash   SHA2: DFBA87256310DC8A7B7BF8158451F7F4
                      0AC333C9B396D9D0E42DDBD542C30E08
                      F3946DDE692AF04F0B20F29BE51C49C4
                      1B631790A542D81F9A7C90ABC2426960
                      
Digital signature successfully verified in file Monlib
Writing Monlib sectors....
Monlib write complete

Related Commands

Command

Description

format

Formats a Class A, Class B or Class C flash memory file system.

show disk

Displays flash or file system information for a disk.

upgrade rom-monitor

To set the execution preference on a read-only memory monitor (ROMMON), use the upgrade rom-monitor command in privileged EXEC or diagnostic mode.

upgrade rom-monitor slot num { sp | rp } file filename

upgrade rom-monitor slot num { sp | rp } { invalidate | preference } { region1 | region2 }

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers

upgrade rom-monitor filename URL slot

Syntax Description

slot num

Specifies the slot number of the ROMMON to be upgraded.

sp

Upgrades the ROMMON of the Switch Processor.

rp

Upgrades the ROMMON of the Route Processor.

file filename

Specifies the name of the S-record (SREC) file; see the “Usage Guidelines” section for valid values.

invalidate

Invalidates the ROMMON of the selected region.

preference

Sets the execution preference on a ROMMON of the selected region.

region1

Selects the ROMMON in region 1.

region2

Selects the ROMMON in region 2.

filename

Specifies the ROMMON package filename.

URL

The URL to a ROMMON file. The URL always begins with a file system, such as bootflash:, harddisk:, obfl:, stby-harddisk:, or usb[0-1], then specifies the path to the file.

slot

The slot that contains the hardware that will receive the ROMMON upgrade. Options are:

  • number --the number of the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) slot that requires the ROMMON upgrade
  • all --All hardware on the router
  • F0 --Embedded-Service-Processor slot 0
  • F1 --Embedded-Service-Processor slot 1
  • FP --All installed Embedded-Service-Processors
  • R0 --Route-Processor slot 0
  • R1 --Route-Processor slot 1
  • RP --Route-Processor

Command Default

This command has no default settings.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#) Diagnostic (diag)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(14)SX

This command was introduced on the Supervisor Engine 720.

12.2(17d)SXB

This command was modified. Support for this command on the Supervisor Engine 2 was extended to Release 12.2(17d)SXB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.4(24)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.4(24)T.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This command was integrated into Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers, and introduced in diagnostic mode.

Usage Guidelines


Caution


If you enter the upgrade rom-monitor command from a Telnet session instead of a console connection, service may be interrupted.


The slot numkeyword and argument combination is required for this command to function properly.

The sp or rpkeyword is required if you installed a supervisor engine in the specified slot.

Valid values for file filename are the following:

  • bootflash:
  • disk0:
  • disk1:
  • flash:
  • ftp:
  • rcp:
  • sup-bootflash:
  • sup-slot0:
  • tftp:

On Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers, this command can be used to upgrade ROMMON in privileged EXEC and diagnostic mode. The hardware receiving the ROMMON upgrade must be reloaded to complete the upgrade.

From Cisco IOS Release 12.4(24)T, you can use the upgrade rom-monitor command on Cisco 3200 series routers to upgrade ROMMON and the system bootstrap, if a newer version of ROMMON is available on the system.

Examples

This example shows how to upgrade the new ROMMON image to the flash device on a Supervisor Engine 2:

Router# upgrade rom-monitor
 slot 1 sp file tftp://dirt/tftpboot-users/A2_71059.srec
ROMMON image upgrade in progress
   Erasing flash
   Programming flash
   Verifying new image
   ROMMON image upgrade complete
   The card must be reset for this to take effect
Router# 

In the following example, a ROMMON upgrade is performed to upgrade to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33r)XN1 on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router using an ROMMON image stored on the bootflash: file system. All hardware is upgraded on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router in this example, and the router is then reloaded to complete the procedure.

Router# show rom-monitor 0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Router# show rom-monitor F0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Router# show rom-monitor R0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Router# copy tftp bootflash:
Address or name of remote host []? 127.23.16.81
 
Source filename []? auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg
Destination filename [asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg]? 
Accessing tftp://127.23.16.81/auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg...
Loading auto/tftp-boot/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg from 127.23.16.81 (via GigabitEthernet0): !!!
[OK - 553164 bytes]
553164 bytes copied in 1.048 secs (527828 bytes/sec)
Router# dir bootflash:
Directory of bootflash:/
   11  drwx       16384   Dec 2 2004 12:02:09 +00:00  lost+found
14401  drwx        4096   Dec 2 2004 12:05:05 +00:00  .ssh
86401  drwx        4096   Dec 2 2004 12:05:07 +00:00  .rollback_timer
   12  -rw-    33554432  Nov 20 2007 19:53:47 +00:00  nvram_00100
   13  -rw-     6401536  Dec 23 2004 19:45:11 +00:00  mcp-fpd-pkg.122-test.pkg
28801  drwx        4096   Nov 1 2007 17:00:36 +00:00  .installer   15  -rw-      553164  Nov 28 2007 15:33:49 +00:00  asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg
   16  -rw-    51716300  Nov 14 2007 16:39:59 +00:00  asr1000rp1-espbase.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   17  -rw-    21850316  Nov 14 2007 16:41:23 +00:00  asr1000rp1-rpaccess-k9.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   18  -rw-    21221580  Nov 14 2007 16:42:21 +00:00  asr1000rp1-rpbase.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   19  -rw-    27576524  Nov 14 2007 16:43:50 +00:00  asr1000rp1-rpcontrol.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   20  -rw-    48478412  Nov 14 2007 16:45:50 +00:00  asr1000rp1-rpios-advipservicesk9.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   21  -rw-    36942028  Nov 14 2007 16:47:17 +00:00  asr1000rp1-sipbase.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   22  -rw-    14749900  Nov 14 2007 16:48:17 +00:00  asr1000rp1-sipspa.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.pkg
   23  -rw-        6049  Nov 14 2007 16:49:29 +00:00  packages.conf
   14  -rw-   213225676  Nov 20 2007 19:53:13 +00:00  asr1000rp1-advipservicesk9.v122_33_xn_asr_rls0_throttle.bin
928833536 bytes total (451940352 bytes free)
Router# upgrade rom-monitor filename bootflash:/asr1000-rommon.122-33r.XN1.pkg all 
Upgrade rom-monitor on Route-Processor 0
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the RP.
Upgrade rom-monitor on Embedded-Service-Processor 0
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 0
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 1
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 253f15daf89eea22b1db92d440d03608
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
Router# reload
<reload bootup output removed for brevity>
Router# show rom-monitor 0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33r)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Router# show rom-monitor F0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33r)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Router# show rom-monitor R0
System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(33r)XN1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2007 by cisco Systems, Inc.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show rom-monitor

Displays the ROMMON status.

upgrade filesystem monlib

To upgrade the ATA ROM monitor library (monlib) file without erasing file system data, use the upgrade filesystem monlibcommand in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade filesystem monlib { disk0 | disk1 }

Syntax Description

disk0

Selects disk 0 as the file system to be formatted.

disk1

Selects disk 1 as the file system to be formatted.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC(#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(7)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(25)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(25)S.

12.2YST

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2YST.

Usage Guidelines

If you attempt to upgrade the ATA monlib file on a disk that has not been formatted on a router running Cisco IOS software, the upgrade operation will fail.

If the amount of space available on the disk for the monlib image is smaller than the monlib image you are trying to upgrade to, the upgrade operation will fail. The amount of space available for the monlib file can be determined by issuing the show disk command with the all keyword specified. The “Disk monlib size” field displays the number of bytes available for the ATA monlib file.

Examples

The following example shows how to upgrade the ATA monlib file on disk 0:

Router# upgrade filesystem monlib disk0
Hash Computation:    100%Done!
Computed Hash   SHA2: DFBA87256310DC8A7B7BF8158451F7F4
                      0AC333C9B396D9D0E42DDBD542C30E08
                      F3946DDE692AF04F0B20F29BE51C49C4
                      1B631790A542D81F9A7C90ABC2426960
                      
Embedded Hash   SHA2: DFBA87256310DC8A7B7BF8158451F7F4
                      0AC333C9B396D9D0E42DDBD542C30E08
                      F3946DDE692AF04F0B20F29BE51C49C4
                      1B631790A542D81F9A7C90ABC2426960
                      
Digital signature successfully verified in file Monlib
Writing Monlib sectors....
Monlib write complete

Related Commands

Command

Description

format

Formats a Class A, Class B or Class C flash memory file system.

show disk

Displays flash or file system information for a disk.

upgrade rom-monitor preference

To select a ReadOnly or Upgrade ROMmon image to be booted on the next reload of a Cisco 7200 VXR or Cisco 7301router, use the upgrade rom-monitor preferencecommand in privileged EXEC mode.

upgrade rom-monitor preference [ readonly | upgrade ]

Syntax Description

readonly

Selects the ReadOnly ROMmon image to be booted on the next reload.

upgrade

Selects the Upgrade second ROMmon image to be booted on the next reload.

Command Default

No default behavior or values

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.0(28)S

This command was introduced on the Cisco 7200 VXR router.

12.3(8)T

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(8)T and supported on the Cisco 7200 VXR router and Cisco 7301 router.

12.3(9)

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(9) and supported on the Cisco 7200 VXR router and Cisco 7301 router.

Usage Guidelines

After running the upgrade rom-monitor preference command, you must reload the router for the selected ROMmon image to take effect.

Use the rommon-prefcommand when you are in ROMmon mode.

Examples

The following example applicable to both the Cisco 7200 VXR and Cisco 7301 routers selects the ReadOnly ROMmon image to be booted on the next reload of the router:

Router# upgrade rom-monitor preference readonly
You are about to mark ReadOnly region of ROMMON for the highest boot preference.
Proceed? [confirm]
Done! Router must be reloaded for this to take effect.

Related Commands

Command

Description

rommon-pref

Selects a ReadOnly or Upgrade ROMmon image to be booted on the next reload when you are in ROMmon mode.

vacant-message

To display an idle terminal message, use the vacant-message command in line configuration mode. To remove the default vacant message or any other vacant message that may have been set, use the no form of this command.

vacant-message [ d message d ]

no vacant-message

Syntax Description

d

(Optional) Delimiting character that marks the beginning and end of the vacant-message. Text delimiters are characters that do not ordinarily appear within the text of a title, such as slash ( / ), double quote ("), or tilde (~). ^C is reserved for special use and should not be used in the message.

message

(Optional) Vacant terminal message.

Command Default

The format of the default vacant message is as follows:

<blank lines>
hostname tty# is now available
<blank lines>
Press RETURN to get started.

This message is generated by the system.

Command Modes

Line configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

This command enables the banner to be displayed on the screen of an idle terminal. The vacant-message command without any arguments restores the default message.

Follow this command with one or more blank spaces and a delimiting character of your choice. Then enter one or more lines of text, terminating the message with the second occurrence of the delimiting character.


Note


For a rotary group, you need to define only the message for the first line in the group.


Examples

The following example turns on the system banner and displays this message:

Router(config)# line 0
Router(config-line)# vacant-message %
                Welcome to Cisco Systems, Inc.
                 Press Return to get started.
%

verify

To verify the checksum of a file on a flash memory file system or compute a Message Digest 5 (MD5) signature for a file, use the verify command in privileged EXEC mode.

verify [ /md5 [md5-value] ] filesystem: [file-url]

Cisco 7600 Series Router

verify { /md5 flash-filesystem [expected-md5-signature] | /ios flash-filesystem | flash-filesystem }

Syntax Description

/md5

(Optional) Calculates and displays the MD5 value for the specified software image. Compare this value with the value available on Cisco.com for this image.

md5-value

(Optional) The known MD5 value for the specified image. When an MD5 value is specified in the command, the system calculates the MD5 value for the specified image and display a message verifying that the MD5 values match or that there is a mismatch.

filesystem :

File system or directory containing the files to list, followed by a colon. Standard file system keywords for this command are flash: and bootflash:.

file-url

(Optional) The name of the files to display on a specified device. The files can be of any type. You can use wildcards in the filename. A wildcard character (*) matches all patterns. Strings after a wildcard are ignored.

Cisco 7600 Series Router

/md5 flash-filesystem

Computes an MD5 signature for a file; valid values are bootflash:, disk0:, disk1:, flash:, or sup-bootflash:.

expected-md5-signature

(Optional) MD5 signature.

/ios flash-filesystem

Verifies the compressed Cisco IOS image checksum; valid values are bootflash:, disk0:, disk1:, flash:, or sup-bootflash:.

flash-filesystem

Device where the Flash memory resides; valid values are bootflash:, disk0:, disk1:, flash:, or sup-bootflash:.

Command Default

The current working device is the default device (file system).

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

11.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(4)T

The /md5 keyword was added.

12.2(18)S

The verify command was enhanced to verify the hash that is contained in the image, and the output was enhanced to show the hash value in addition to the entire hash image (CCO hash).

12.0(26)S

The verify command enhancements were integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.0(26)S.

12.2(14)SX

Support for this command was added for the Supervisor Engine 720.

12.3(4)T

The verify command enhancements were integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.3(4)T.

12.2(17d)SXB

Support for this command on the Supervisor Engine 2 was extended to Release 12.2(17d)SXB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

This command replaces the copy verify and copy verify flash commands.

Use the verify command to verify the checksum of a file before using it.

Each software image that is distributed on disk uses a single checksum for the entire image. This checksum is displayed only when the image is copied into flash memory; it is not displayed when the image file is copied from one disk to another.

Supported Platforms Other than the Cisco 7600 Series Router

Before loading or duplicating a new image, record the checksum and MD5 information for the image so that you can verify the checksum when you copy the image into flash memory or onto a server. A variety of image information is available on Cisco.com. For example, you can get the Release, Feature Set, Size, BSD Checksum, Router Checksum, MD5, and Publication Date information by clicking on the image file name prior to downloading it from the Software Center on Cisco.com.

To display the contents of flash memory, use the show flash command. The flash contents listing does not include the checksum of individual files. To recompute and verify the image checksum after the image has been copied into flash memory, use the verify command. Note, however, that the verify command only performs a check on the integrity of the file after it has been saved in the file system. It is possible for a corrupt image to be transferred to the router and saved in the file system without detection. If a corrupt image is transferred successfully to the router, the software will be unable to tell that the image is corrupted and the file will verify successfully.

To use the message-digest5 (MD5) hash algorithm to ensure file validation, use the verify command with the /md5 option. MD5 is an algorithm (defined in RFC 1321) that is used to verify data integrity through the creation of a unique 128-bit message digest. The /md5 option of the verify command allows you to check the integrity of a Cisco IOS software image by comparing its MD5 checksum value against a known MD5 checksum value for the image. MD5 values are now made available on Cisco.com for all Cisco IOS software images for comparison against local system image values.

To perform the MD5 integrity check, issue the verify command using the /md5 keyword. For example, issuing the verify flash:c7200-is-mz.122-2.T.bin /md5command will calculate and display the MD5 value for the software image. Compare this value with the value available on Cisco.com for this image.

Alternatively, you can get the MD5 value from Cisco.com first, then specify this value in the command syntax. For example, issuing the verify flash:c7200-is-mz.122-2.T.bin /md5 8b5f3062c4caeccae72571440e962233 command will display a message verifying that the MD5 values match or that there is a mismatch. A mismatch in MD5 values means that either the image is corrupt or the wrong MD5 value was entered.

Cisco 7600 Series Router

The Readme file, which is included with the image on the disk, lists the name, file size, and checksum of the image. Review the contents of the Readme file before loading or duplicating the new image so that you can verify the checksum when you copy it into the flash memory or onto a server.

Use the verify /md5 command to verify the MD5 signature of a file before using it. This command validates the integrity of a copied file by comparing a precomputed MD5 signature with the signature that is computed by this command. If the two MD5 signatures match, the copied file is identical to the original file.

You can find the MD5 signature that is posted on the Cisco.com page with the image.

You can use the verify /md5 command in one of the following ways:

  • Verify the MD5 signatures manually by entering the verify /md5 filename command.

Check the displayed signature against the MD5 signature that is posted on the Cisco.com page.

  • Allow the system to compare the MD5 signatures by entering the verify /md5 flash-filesystem:filenam expected-md5-signature command.

After completing the comparison, the system returns with a verified message. If an error is detected, the output is similar to the following:

Router# verify /md5 disk0:c6msfc2-jsv-mz 0f
.
.
.
Done
!
 %Error verifying disk0:c6msfc2-jsv-mz
 Computed signature  = 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3
 Submitted signature = 0f

To display the contents of the flash memory, enter the show flash command. The listing of the flash contents does not include the checksum of the individual files. To recompute and verify the image checksum after the image has been copied into the flash memory, enter the verify command.

A colon (:) is required after the specified device.

Examples

Examples

The following example shows how to use the verify command to check the integrity of the file c7200-js-mz on the flash memory card inserted in slot 0:

Router# dir slot0:
 
Directory of slot0:/
  1  -rw-     4720148   Aug 29 1997 17:49:36  hampton/nitro/c7200-j-mz
  2  -rw-     4767328   Oct 01 1997 18:42:53  c7200-js-mz
  5  -rw-         639   Oct 02 1997 12:09:32  rally
  7  -rw-         639   Oct 02 1997 12:37:13  the_time
20578304 bytes total (3104544 bytes free)
Router# verify slot0:c7200-js-mz
 
Verified slot0:c7200-js-mz

In the following example, the /md5 keyword is used to display the MD5 value for the image:

Router# verify /md5 disk1:
 
Verify filename []? c7200-js-mz
 
.
.
.
Done
!
verify /md5 (disk1:c7200-js-mz) = 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3

In the following example, the known MD5 value for the image (obtained from Cisco.com) is specified in the verify command, and the system checks the value against the stored value:

Router# verify /md5 disk1:c7200-js-mz ?
  WORD  Expected md5 signature
  <cr>
router# verify /md5 disk1:c7200-js-mz 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3
.
.
.
Done
!
Verified (disk1:c7200-js-mz) = 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3

The following example shows how the output of the verify command was enhanced to show the hash value in addition to the entire hash image (CCO hash):

Router# verify disk0:c7200-js-mz
%Filesystem does not support verify operations
Verifying file integrity of disk0:c7200-js-mz
.
.
.
Done
!
Embedded Hash   		MD5 :CFA258948C4ECE52085DCF428A426DCD
Computed Hash   			MD5 :CFA258948C4ECE52085DCF428A426DCD
CCO Hash        		MD5 :44A7B9BDDD9638128C35528466318183
Signature Verified

Examples

This example shows how to use the verify command:

Router# verify cat6k_r47_1.cbi
.
.
.
File cat6k_r47_1.cbi verified OK.

This example shows how to check the MD5 signature manually:

Router# verify /md5 c6msfc2-jsv-mz
.
.
.
Done
!
 verify /md5 (disk0:c6msfc2-jsv-mz) = 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3 

This example shows how to allow the system to compare the MD5 signatures:

Router# verify /md5 disk0:c6msfc2-jsv-mz 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3
.
.
.
Done
!
 verified /md5 (disk0:c6sup12-jsv-mz) = 0f369ed9e98756f179d4f29d6e7755d3
Router# 

This example shows how to verify the compressed checksum of the Cisco IOS image:

Router# verify /ios disk0:c6k222-jsv-mz 
Verified compressed IOS image checksum for disk0:c6k222-jsv-mz

Related Commands

Command

Description

cd

Changes the default directory or file system.

copy

Copies any file from a source to a destination.

copy /noverify

Disables the automatic image verification for the current copy operation.

dir

Displays a list of files on a file system.

file verify auto

Verifies the compressed Cisco IOS image checksum.

pwd

Displays the current setting of the cd command.

show file systems

Lists available file systems.

show flash

Displays the layout and contents of flash memory.

vtp

To configure the global VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) state, use the vtp command in global configuration mode. To return to the default value, use the no form of this command.

vtp { domain domain-name | file filename | interface interface-name [only] | mode { client | off | server | transparent } { vlan | mst | unknown } | password password-value [ hidden | secret ] | pruning | version { 1 | 2 | 3 } }

no vtp

Syntax Description

domain domain-name

Sets the VTP administrative domain name.

file filename

Sets the ASCII name of the IFS file system file where the VTP configuration is stored.

interface interface-name

Sets the name of the preferred source for the VTP-updater ID for this device.

only

(Optional) Specifies to use only this interface’s IP address as the VTP-IP updater address.

mode client

Sets the type of VTP-device mode to client mode.

mode off

Sets the type of VTP-device mode to off mode.

mode server

Sets the type of VTP-device mode to server mode.

mode transparent

Sets the type of VTP-device mode to transparent mode.

vlan

Specifies VTP version 3 VLAN instances.

mst

Specifies VTP version 3 MST instances.

unknown

Specifies VTP version 3 for all other instances.

password password-value

Specifies the administrative-domain password.

hidden

(Optional) Specifies that the VTP version 3 secret key generated from the password be saved in the const_nvram:vlan.dat file.

secret

(Optional) Allows you to directly configure the VTP version 3 password secret key.

pruning

Enables the administrative domain to permit pruning.

version {1 | 2 | 3}

Specifies the administrative-domain VTP version number.

Command Default

The defaults are as follows:

  • vtp domain and vtp interface co mmands have no default settings.
  • filename is const-nvram:vlan.dat .
  • VTP mode is mode server for VLANs and transparent for all other features.
  • No password is configured.
  • Pruning is disabled.
  • Administrative-domain VTP version number 1.

Command Modes

Global configuration (config)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(14)SX

This command was introduced on the Supervisor Engine 720.

12.2(17d)SXB

Support for this command on the Supervisor Engine 2 was extended to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(17d)SXB.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

12.2(33)SXH

The mode offkeyword combination was added.

12.2(33)SXI

Support for VTP version 3 was added.

Usage Guidelines


Note


The vtp pruning, vtp password, and vtp version commands are also available in privileged EXEC mode. We recommend that you use these commands in global configuration mode only; do not use these commands in privileged EXEC mode.


Extended-range VLANs are not supported by VTP.

When you define the domain-name value , the dom ain name is case sensitive and can be from 1 to 32 characters.

The filename and interface-namevalues are ASCII strings from 1 to 255 characters.

You must configure a password on each network device in the management domain when the switch is in secure mode.


Caution


If you configure VTP in secure mode, the management domain does not function properly if you do not assign a management domain password to each network device in the domain.


A VTP version 2-capable network device can operate in the same VTP domain as a network device running VTP version 1 if VTP version 2 is disabled on the VTP version 2-capable network device (VTP version 2 is disabled by default).

Do not enable VTP version 2 on a network device unless all of the network devices in the same VTP domain are version 2-capable. When you enable VTP version 2 on a network device, all of the version 2-capable network devices in the domain enable VTP version 2.

In a Token Ring environment, you must enable VTP version 2 for VLAN switching to function properly.

Enabling or disabling VTP pruning on a VTP server enables or disables VTP pruning for the entire management domain.

Configuring VLANs as pruning eligible or pruning ineligible on a Cisco 7600 series router affects pruning eligibility for those VLANs on that switch only; it does not affect pruning eligibility on all network devices in the VTP domain.

The vtp password, vtp pruning, and vtp version commands are not placed in startup memory but are included in the VTP transparent-mode startup configuration file.

Extended-range VLANs are not supported by VTP.

You can configure the pruning keyword in VTP-server mode; the version keyword is configurable in VTP-server mode or VTP transparent mode.

The password-value argument is an ASCII string from 8 to 64 characters identifying the administrative domain for the device.

VTP pruning causes information about each pruning-eligible VLAN to be removed from VTP updates if there are no stations belonging to that VLAN.

All Cisco 7600 series routers in a VTP domain must run the same version of VTP. VTP version 1 and VTP version 2 do not operate on Cisco 7600 series routers in the same VTP domain.

If all Cisco 7600 series routers in a domain are VTP version 2-capable, you need only to enable VTP version 2 on one Cisco 7600 series router; the version number is then propagated to the other version 2-capable Cisco 7600 series routers in the VTP domain.

If you toggle the version 2 mode, certain default VLAN parameters are modified.

If you enter the vtp mode off command, it sets the device to off. If you enter the no vtp mode off command, it resets the device to the VTP server mode.

In VTP version 3, the VTP mode has to be specified on a per-feature basis. Use the vlan and mst keywords to configure the VTP mode on VLAN and MST instances. To configure the VTP mode for any other feature, use the unknown keyword. When you convert from either VTP version 1 or 2 to version 3, the current mode configuration will be preserved.

With VTP version 3, a new method is available for hiding the VTP password from the configuration file. When you use the hidden keyword, the secret key that is generated from the password string is saved in the const_nvram:vlan.dat file. If you use the secret keyword, you can directly configure the password secret key. By using the secret keyword, you can distribute the password in the secret key format rather than in the cleartext format.

Examples

This example shows how to set the device’s management domain:

Router(config)# 
vtp domain DomainName1

This example shows how to specify the file in the IFS-file system where the VTP configuration is stored:

Router(config)# 
vtp file vtpconfig
Setting device to store VLAN database at filename vtpconfig. 

This example shows how to set the VTP mode to client:

Router(config)# 
vtp mode client
Setting device to VTP CLIENT mode.

This example shows how to disable VTP mode globally:

Router(config)# vtp mode off
Setting device to VTP OFF mode.

This example shows how to reset the device to the VTP server mode:

Router(config)# no vtp mode off
Setting device to VTP OFF mode.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show vtp

Displays the VTP statistics and domain information.

vtp (interface configuration)

Enables VTP on a per-port basis.

warm-reboot

To enable a router to do a warm-reboot, use the warm-rebootcommand in global configuration mode. To disable warm rebooting, use the no form of this command.

warm-reboot [ count number ] [ uptime minutes ]

no warm-reboot count number uptime minutes

Syntax Description

count number

(Optional) Maximum number of warm reboots allowed between any intervening cold reboot. Valid values range from 1 to 50. The default value is 5 times.

uptime minutes

(Optional) Minimum number of minutes that must elapse between initial system configuration and an exception before a warm reboot is attempted. If the system crashes before the specified time elapses, a warm reboot is not attempted. Valid values range from 0 to 120. The default value is 5 minutes.

Command Default

Warm rebooting is disabled.

If warm rebooting is enabled, the default value for the count numberoption is 5 times, and the default value for the uptime minutes option is 5 minutes.

Command Modes

Global configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

12.3(2)T

This command was introduced.

12.2(18)S

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)S .

12.2(28)SB

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Relase 12.2(28)SB.

Usage Guidelines

Use the warm-rebootcommand to enable the router to reload a Cisco IOS image without ROM monitor mode (ROMMON) intervention, in which the image restores read-write data from a previously saved copy in the RAM and starts execution from that point. Unlike a cold reboot, this process does not involve a flash to RAM copy or self-decompression of the image.


Note


After a warm reboot is enabled, it will not become active until after the next cold reboot because a warm reboot requires a copy of the initialized memory.



Note


If the system crashes before the image completes the warm reboot process, a cold reboot is initiated.


Examples

The following example shows how to enable a warm reboot on the router:

Router#(config) warm-reboot count 10 uptime 10

Related Commands

Command

Description

show warm-reboot

Displays the statistics for attempted warm reboots.

where

To list the open sessions, use the wherecommand in EXEC mode.

where

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced in a release prior to Cisco IOS Release 10.0.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The where command displays all open sessions associated with the current terminal line.

The break (Ctrl-Shift-6, x), where, and resume commands are available with all supported connection protocols.

Examples

The following is sample output from the wherecommand:

Router# 
where
Conn Host                 Address          Byte    Idle  Conn Name
   1 MATHOM               192.31.7.21         0       0  MATHOM
*  2 CHAFF                131.108.12.19       0       0  CHAFF 

The asterisk (*) indicates the current terminal session.

The following table describes the fields shown in the display.

Table 6 where Field Descriptions

Field

Description

Conn

Name or address of the remote host to which the connection is made.

Host

Remote host to which the router is connected through a Telnet session.

Address

IP address of the remote host.

Byte

Number of unread bytes for the user to see on the connection.

Idle

Interval (in minutes) since data was last sent on the line.

Conn Name

Assigned name of the connection.

Related Commands

Command

Description

show line

Displays information about all lines on the system or the specified line.

show sessions

Displays information about open LAT, Telnet, or rlogin connections.

width

To set the terminal screen width, use the width command in line configuration mode. To return to the default screen width, use the no form of this command.

width characters

no width

Syntax Description

characters

Number of character columns displayed on the terminal. The default is 80 characters.

Command Default

80 character columns

Command Modes

Line configuration

Command History

Release

Modification

10.0

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

By default, the route provides a screen display width of 80 characters. You can reset this value for the current session if it does not meet the needs of your terminal.

The rlogin protocol uses the value of the characters argument to set up terminal parameters on a remote host.

Examples

In the following example the location for line 7 is defined as “console terminal” and the display is set to 132 columns wide:

Router(config)# line 7
Router(config-line)# location console terminal
Router(config-line)# width 132

Related Commands

Command

Description

terminal width

Sets the number of character columns on the terminal screen for the current session.

write core

To test the configuration of a core dump setup, use the write core command in privileged EXEC mode.

write core [ hostname [LINE] | destination-address [LINE] ]

Syntax Description

hostname

(Optional) Host name of the remote server where the core dump file is to be written.

destination-address

(Optional) IP address of the remote server where the core dump file is to be written.

LINE

(Optional) Assigns the name “LINE” to the core dump file.

Command Default

If the hostname or destination arguments are not specified, the core dump file is written to the IP address or hostname specified by the exception dump command.

If the LINE keyword is not specified, the name of the core dump file is assigned as the host name of the remote server followed by the word “-core.”

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(11)T

This command was introduced.

Usage Guidelines

When a router reloads, it is sometimes useful to obtain a full copy of the memory image (called a core dump) to identify the cause of the reload. Core dumps are generally useful to your technical support representative. Not all types of router reloads will produce a core dump.

The write core command causes the router to generate a core dump without reloading, which may be useful if the router is malfunctioning but has not reloaded. The core dump files will be the size of the respective memory regions. It is important to remember that the entire memory region is dumped, not just the memory that is in use.


Caution


Use the write core command only under the direction of a technical support representative. Creating a core dump while the router is functioning in a network can disrupt network operation. When using this command, the router will not reload until the content of its memory is dumped. This event might take some time, depending on the amount of DRAM present on the router. Also, the resulting binary file, which is very large, must be transferred to a Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP), File Transfer Protocol (FTP), or remote copy protocol (rcp) server and subsequently interpreted by technical personnel who have access to source code and detailed memory maps.


Depending on your TFTP server, you might need to create an empty target file to which the router can write the core dump.

Examples

The following example shows how to test the configuration of a core dump setup. In this example, the core dump file is written to the remote server with the host name test.

write core test

write erase

The write erase command is replaced by the erase nvram: command. See the description of the erasecommand for more information.

write memory

To save the running configuration to the nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM), use the write memory command in privileged EXEC mode.

write memory

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

12.2(11)T

This command was introduced in a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(11)T.

12.2(14)SX

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(14)SX.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1.

Usage Guidelines

If you try to configure the write memory command when a router is low on memory and the backup buffer cannot be allocated, then the command will fail with the error message, “Not enough space.” When the write memory command fails to apply the new configuration, the backup configuration is used to restore the original configuration.

Examples

The following example shows how to save the running configuration to NVRAM:

Router> enable
Router# write memory

write mib-data

To save MIB data to system memory (NVRAM) for MIB Data Persistence, use the write mib-datacommand in EXEC mode.

write mib-data

Syntax Description

This command has no arguments or keywords.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.0(1)M

This command was introduced in a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

12.2(33)SXI

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXI.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This command was implemented on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

Usage Guidelines

The MIB Data Persistence feature allows the SNMP data of a MIB to be persistent across reloads; that is, the values of certain MIB objects are retained even if your networking device reboots.

To determine which MIBs support “MIB Persistence” in your release, use the snmp mib persist command in global configuration mode.

Any modified MIB data must be written to NVRAM memory using the write mib-data command. If the write mib-data command is not used, modified MIB data is not saved automatically, even if MIB Persistence is enabled. Executing the write mib-data command saves only the current MIB data; if the MIB object values are changed, you should reenter the write mib-data command to ensure that those values are persistent across reboots.

Examples

The following example shows the enabling of event MIB persistence, circuit MIB persistence, and saving the changes to set object values for these MIBs to NVRAM:

Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# snmp mib persist circuit
Router(config)# snmp mib persist event
Router(config)# end
Router# write mib-data
 

Related Commands

Command

Description

snmp mib persist

Enables MIB data persistence.

write network


Note


This command has been replaced by copy system:/running-config command.


To upload the current configuration to the network, use the write network command in privileged EXEC mode.

write network [host-file-address]

Syntax Description

host-file-address

(Optional) Address of the host file to be uploaded.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC (#)

Command History

Release

Modification

15.0(1)M

This command was introduced in a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 15.0(1)M.

12.2(33)SRC

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRC.

12.2(33)SXI

This command was integrated into a release earlier than Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXI.

Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1

This command was implemented on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

Usage Guidelines

The write network command cannot be used to upload software to the ATM module.

Examples

This example shows how to upload the system5.cfg file to the mercury host using the write network command:

Router# write network
IP address or name of host? mercury
Name of configuration file to write? system5.cfg
Upload configuration to system5.cfg on mercury (y/n) [y]? y
/
Done.  Finished Network Upload.  (9003 bytes)

Related Commands

Command

Description

copy

Copies files from a source to specified destination.

show config

Displays the nondefault or module configuration information.

write terminal

This command is deprecated. Deprecated commands are considered obsolete, and their use is discouraged. Support for this command may be removed.

The write terminal command is now enabled only as a command alias for the show running-config command.

The show running-config command offers additional options not available for the write terminal command; see the documentation of the show running-config command for details.

Command Modes

Privileged EXEC

Command History

Release

Modification

8.0

This command was introduced in a release prior to 8.0.

11.0

The show running-config command was introduced as a replacement for the write terminal command.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

xmodem

To copy a Cisco IOS image to a router using the ROM monitor and the Xmodem or Ymodem protocol, use the xmodem command in ROM monitor mode.

xmodem [-c] [-y] [-e] [-f] [-r] [-x] [ [-s] data-rate ] [filename]

Syntax Description

-c

(Optional) CRC-16 checksumming, which is more sophisticated and thorough than standard checksumming.

-y

(Optional) Uses the Ymodem protocol for higher throughput.

-e

(Optional) Erases the first partition in Flash memory before starting the download. This option is only valid for the Cisco 1600 series.

-f

(Optional) Erases all of Flash memory before starting the download. This option is only valid for the Cisco 1600 series.

-r

(Optional) Downloads the file to DRAM. The default is Flash memory.

-x

(Optional) Do not execute Cisco IOS image on completion of the download.

-s data-rate

(Optional) Sets the console port’s data rate during file transfer. Values are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, and 115200 bps. The default rate is specified in the configuration register. This option is only valid for the Cisco 1600 series.

filename

(Optional) Filename to copy. This argument is ignored when the -r keyword is specified, because only one file can be copied to DRAM. On the Cisco 1600 series routers, files are loaded to the ROM for execution.

Command Default

Xmodem protocol with 8-bit CRC, file downloaded into Flash memory and executed on completion.

Command Modes

ROM monitor

Command History

Release

Modification

11.2 P

This command was introduced.

12.2(33)SRA

This command was integrated into Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRA.

Usage Guidelines

The Cisco 3600 series routers does not support XBOOT functionality. If your Cisco IOS image is erased or damaged, you cannot load a new image over the network.

Use the xmodem ROM monitor command to download a new system image to your router from a local personal computer (such as a PC, Mac, or UNIX workstation), or a remote computer over a modem connection, to the router’s console port. The computer must have a terminal emulation application that supports these protocols.

Cisco 3600 Series Routers

Your router must have enough DRAM to hold the file being transferred, even if you are copying to Flash memory. The image is copied to the first file in internal Flash memory. Any existing files in Flash memory are erased. There is no support for partitions or copying as a second file.

Cisco 1600 Series Routers

If you include the -r option, your router must have enough DRAM to hold the file being transferred. To run from Flash, an image must be positioned as the first file in Flash memory. If you are copying a new image to boot from Flash, erase all existing files first.


Caution


A modem connection from the telephone network to your console port introduces security issues that you should consider before enabling the connection. For example, remote users can dial in to your modem and access the router’s configuration settings.



Note


If the file to be downloaded is not a valid router image, the copy operation is automatically terminated.


Examples

The following example uses the xmodem -c filename ROM monitor command to copy the file named new-ios-image from a remote or local computer:

rommon > xmodem -c new-ios-image
Do not start the sending program yet...
         File size           Checksum   File name
   1738244 bytes (0x1a8604)   0xdd25 george-admin/c3600-i-mz
WARNING: All existing data in bootflash will be lost!
Invoke this application only for disaster recovery.
Do you wish to continue? y/n  [n]:  yes
Ready to receive file new-ios-image ...

Related Commands

Command

Description

copy xmodem:

Copies a Cisco IOS image from a local or remote computer (such as a PC, Macintosh, or UNIX workstation) to Flash memory on a Cisco 3600 series router using the Xmodem protocol.

copy ymodem:

Copies a Cisco IOS image from a local or remote computer (such as a PC, Macintosh, or UNIX workstation) to Flash memory on a Cisco 3600 series router using the Ymodem protocol.