Flexible NetFlow Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
Support for ISSU and SSO
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Support for ISSU and SSO

High Availability (HA) support for Flexible Netflow is introduced by providing support for both In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) and Stateful Switchover (SSO).

These features are enabled by default when the redundancy mode of operation is set to SSO.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for Flexible Netflow High Availability

  • The Cisco ISSU process must be configured and working properly. See the “Cisco In-Service Software Upgrade Process” feature module for more information.
  • SSO must be configured and working properly. See the “Stateful Switchover” feature module for more information.
  • Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) must be configured and working properly. See the “Cisco Nonstop Forwarding” feature module for more information.

Information About Flexible Netflow High Availability

ISSU

The ISSU process allows Cisco software to be updated or otherwise modified while packet forwarding continues. In most networks, planned software upgrades are a significant cause of downtime. ISSU allows Cisco software to be modified while packet forwarding continues, which increases network availability and reduces downtime caused by planned software upgrades.

SSO

SSO refers to the implementation of Cisco software that allows applications and features to maintain a defined state between an active and standby Route Processor (RP).

In specific Cisco networking devices that support dual RPs, SSO takes advantage of RP redundancy to increase network availability. The SSO feature takes advantage of RP redundancy by establishing one of the RPs as the active RP while the other RP is designated as the standby RP, and then synchronizing critical state information between them. Following an initial synchronization between the two processors, SSO dynamically maintains RP state information between them.

A switchover from the active to the standby processor occurs when the active RP fails, is removed from the networking device, or is manually taken down for maintenance.

How to Configure Flexible Netflow High Availability

There are no configuration tasks specific to Flexible Netflow. All generalized configuration tasks for ISSU and SSO are described in the chapters referenced in the Prerequisites for Flexible Netflow High Availability.

The Flexible Netflow high availability features are enabled by default when the redundancy mode of operation is set to SSO.

How to Verify Flexible Netflow High Availability

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    show redundancy [clients | counters | history | switchover history | states

    3.    show redundancy states

    4.    show sampler broker [detail] | [picture]

    5.    show flow exporter broker [detail] | [picture]

    6.    show flow record broker [detail] | [picture]

    7.    show flow monitor broker [detail] | [picture]


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 show redundancy [clients | counters | history | switchover history | states


    Example:
    Device# show redundancy
     

    Displays SSO configuration information.

     
    Step 3 show redundancy states


    Example:
    Device# show redundancy states
     

    Verifies that the device is running in SSO mode.

     
    Step 4 show sampler broker [detail] | [picture]


    Example:
    Device# show sampler broker detail
     

    Displays information about the state of the exporter broker for the Flexible Netflow sampler.

     
    Step 5 show flow exporter broker [detail] | [picture]


    Example:
    Device# show flow exporter broker detail
     

    Displays information about the state of the broker for the Flexible Netflow flow exporter.

     
    Step 6 show flow record broker [detail] | [picture]


    Example:
    Device# show flow record broker detail
     

    Displays information about the state of the broker for the Flexible Netflow flow record.

     
    Step 7 show flow monitor broker [detail] | [picture]


    Example:
    Device# show flow monitor broker detail
     

    Displays information about the state of the broker for the Flexible Netflow flow monitor.

     
    What to Do Next

    Configuration Examples for Flexible Netflow High Availability

    There are no configuration examples for Flexible Netflow high availability features.

    All examples are for displaying the status of Flexible Netflow high availability.

    Example: Displaying Detailed Status for the Sampler Broker

    The following example shows the status output for the Flexible Netflow flow record broker. This output is very similar to the output for the other Flexible Netflow brokers: the sampler broker, the flow exporter broker, and the flow monitor broker.

    Device# show flow record broker detail
    Brokering for Linecard 7 (0x80)
    Multicast groups :-
     0x7F801C95D000
    	Linecard 7 (0x80) enabled for download
    	Consume report for Linecard 7 (0x80) (pos 1)
    	24/0 completed/pending updates (all VRFs)
    Update list ranges from pos 1 to pos 0 :-
    1	- 24 updates
    0	- 0 updates
    Broker records :-
    *	-	  - Start of list
    1	-	  - Flush
    1	- Mod - Create netflow-v5
    1	- Mod - Create options interface-table
    1	- Mod - Create options exporter-statistics
    1	- Mod - Create options vrf-id-name-table
    1	- Mod - Create options sampler-table
    1	- Mod - Create options applications-name
    1	- Mod - Create netflow-original
    1	- Mod - Create netflow ipv4 original-input

    Example: Displaying a Status Summary for the Flow Record Broker

    The following example shows a status summary output for the Flexible Netflow flow record broker. This output is very similar to the output for the other Flexible Netflow brokers: the sampler broker, the flow exporter broker, and the flow monitor broker.

    Device# show flow record broker picture
    Key:
     ‘[‘=start record, ‘]’=end record, ‘F’=flush record, ‘D’=display record
     ‘+<n>’=sequenve of <n> Modify update records
     ‘-<n>’=sequenve of <n> Delete update records
     ‘C<<lc>:<vrf>>’=consume record for linecard(s) <lc> and VRF(s) <vrf> <*=all>
    Borokers:
    [FC<7 <0x80>:*>]
    

    Example: Verifying Whether SSO is Configured

    The following sample output shows that SSO is configured on the device:

    Device# show redundancy states
           my state = 13 -ACTIVE 
         peer state = 8  -STANDBY HOT 
               Mode = Duplex
            Unit ID = 49
    Redundancy Mode (Operational) = sso
    Redundancy Mode (Configured)  = sso
    Redundancy State              = sso
         Maintenance Mode = Disabled
        Manual Swact = enabled
     Communications = Up
       client count = 67
     client_notification_TMR = 30000 milliseconds
               RF debug mask = 0x0 
    

    Example: Displaying which SSO Protocols and Applications are Registered

    The following sample output shows a list of applications and protocols that have registered as SSO protocols or applications on the device:

    Device# show redundancy clients
     clientID = 0       clientSeq = 0        RF_INTERNAL_MSG       
     clientID = 29      clientSeq = 60       Redundancy Mode RF    
     clientID = 139     clientSeq = 62       IfIndex               
     clientID = 25      clientSeq = 69       CHKPT RF              
     clientID = 1340    clientSeq = 90       ASR1000-RP Platform   
     clientID = 1501    clientSeq = 91       Cat6k CWAN HA         
     clientID = 78      clientSeq = 95       TSPTUN HA             
     clientID = 305     clientSeq = 96       Multicast ISSU Conso  
     clientID = 304     clientSeq = 97       IP multicast RF Clie  
     clientID = 22      clientSeq = 98       Network RF Client     
     clientID = 88      clientSeq = 99       HSRP                  
     clientID = 114     clientSeq = 100      GLBP                  
     clientID = 1341    clientSeq = 102      ASR1000 DPIDX         
     clientID = 1505    clientSeq = 103      Cat6k SPA TSM         
     clientID = 1344    clientSeq = 110      ASR1000-RP SBC RF     
     clientID = 227     clientSeq = 111      SBC RF                
     clientID = 71      clientSeq = 112      XDR RRP RF Client     
     clientID = 24      clientSeq = 113      CEF RRP RF Client     
     clientID = 146     clientSeq = 114      BFD RF Client         
     clientID = 306     clientSeq = 120      MFIB RRP RF Client    
     clientID = 1504    clientSeq = 128      Cat6k CWAN Interface  
     clientID = 75      clientSeq = 130      Tableid HA            
     clientID = 401     clientSeq = 131      NAT HA                
     clientID = 402     clientSeq = 132      TPM RF client         
     clientID = 5       clientSeq = 135      Config Sync RF clien  
     clientID = 68      clientSeq = 149      Virtual Template RF   
     clientID = 23      clientSeq = 152      Frame Relay           
     clientID = 49      clientSeq = 153      HDLC                  
     clientID = 72      clientSeq = 154      LSD HA Proc           
     clientID = 113     clientSeq = 155      MFI STATIC HA Proc    
     clientID = 20      clientSeq = 171      IPROUTING NSF RF cli  
     clientID = 100     clientSeq = 173      DHCPC                 
     clientID = 101     clientSeq = 174      DHCPD                 
     clientID = 74      clientSeq = 183      MPLS VPN HA Client    
     clientID = 34      clientSeq = 185      SNMP RF Client        
     clientID = 52      clientSeq = 186      ATM                   
     clientID = 69      clientSeq = 189      AAA                   
     clientID = 118     clientSeq = 190      L2TP                  
     clientID = 82      clientSeq = 191      CCM RF                
     clientID = 35      clientSeq = 192      History RF Client     
     clientID = 90      clientSeq = 204      RSVP HA Services      
     clientID = 70      clientSeq = 215      FH COMMON RF CLIENT   
     clientID = 54      clientSeq = 220      SNMP HA RF Client     
     clientID = 73      clientSeq = 221      LDP HA                
     clientID = 76      clientSeq = 222      IPRM                  
     clientID = 57      clientSeq = 223      ARP                   
     clientID = 50      clientSeq = 230      FH_RF_Event_Detector  
     clientID = 1342    clientSeq = 240      ASR1000 SpaFlow       
     clientID = 1343    clientSeq = 241      ASR1000 IF Flow       
     clientID = 83      clientSeq = 255      AC RF Client          
     clientID = 84      clientSeq = 257      AToM manager          
     clientID = 85      clientSeq = 258      SSM                   
     clientID = 102     clientSeq = 273      MQC QoS               
     clientID = 94      clientSeq = 280      Config Verify RF cli  
     clientID = 135     clientSeq = 289      IKE RF Client         
     clientID = 136     clientSeq = 290      IPSEC RF Client       
     clientID = 130     clientSeq = 291      CRYPTO RSA            
     clientID = 148     clientSeq = 296      DHCPv6 Relay          
     clientID = 4000    clientSeq = 303      RF_TS_CLIENT          
     clientID = 4005    clientSeq = 305      ISSU Test Client      
     clientID = 93      clientSeq = 309      Network RF 2 Client   
     clientID = 205     clientSeq = 311      FEC Client            
     clientID = 141     clientSeq = 319      DATA DESCRIPTOR RF C  
     clientID = 4006    clientSeq = 322      Network Clock         
     clientID = 225     clientSeq = 326      VRRP                  
     clientID = 65000   clientSeq = 336      RF_LAST_CLIENT 

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    In-Service Software Upgrade process conceptual and configuration information

    Cisco IOS XE In Service Software Upgrade Process module

    Nonstop Forwarding conceptual and configuration information

    Cisco Nonstop Forwarding module

    Stateful switchover conceptual and configuration information

    Stateful Switchover module

    White paper on preforming In-Service Software Upgrades.

    High-Availability Overview, Cisco IOS Software: Guide to Performing In-Service Software Upgrades

    Answer to questions about the In-Service Software Upgrade product and process.

    Cisco IOS In-Service Software Upgrade, Questions and Answers

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    Cisco IOS High Availability commands

    Cisco IOS High Availability Command Reference

    Cisco IOS debug commands

    Cisco IOS Debug Command Reference

    SSO - BFD

    " Bidirectional Forwarding Detection " chapter in the IP Routing Protocols Configuration Guide

    SSO HSRP

    "Configuring HSRP" chapter in the IP Application Services Configuration Guide

    SSO - MPLS VPN 6VPE and 6PE SSO support

    NSF/SSO and ISSU - MPLS VPN 6VPE and 6PE

    SSO and RPR on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers

    Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers Software Configuration Guide

    SSO VRRP

    "Configuring VRRP" chapter in the Application Services Configuration Guide

    SNMP configuration tasks

    "Configuring SNMP Support" module of Network Management Configuration Guide

    SNMP commands

    Cisco IOS Network Management Command Reference

    Standards

    Standard

    Title

    No new or modified standards are supported by this feature.

    --

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    None

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    RFCs

    RFC

    Title

    No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature.

    --

    RFC 1907

    Management Information Base for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol

    RFC 2571

    An Architecture for Describing SNMP Management Frameworks

    RFC 2573

    SNMP Applications

    RFC 2574

    User-Based Security Model (USM) for Version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)

    RFC 2575

    View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

    RFC 2863

    The Interfaces Group MIB

    RFC 4133

    Entity MIB (Version 3)

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

    To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

    Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​techsupport

    Feature Information for Flexible Netflow High Availability Features

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for Flexible Netflow High Availability Features

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    Flexible NetFlow: ISSU / SSO Support

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.3S

    15.0(1)SY

    15.0(1)SY1

    Flexible Netflow has been enhanced to support ISSU and SSO.

    Glossary

    CPE --customer premises equipment. Terminating equipment, such as terminals, telephones, and modems, supplied by the service provider, installed at customer sites, and connected to the network.

    ISSU --In Service Software Upgrade. ISSU is a process that allows Cisco IOS software to be updated or otherwise modified while packet forwarding continues.

    RP --Route Processor. A generic term for the centralized control unit in a chassis.

    SSO --Stateful Switchover. SSO refers to the implementation of Cisco IOS software that allows applications and features to maintain a defined state between an active and standby RP. When a switching occurs, forwarding and sessions are maintained. SSO makes an RP failure undetectable to the network.