Asynchronous Transfer Mode Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15S
ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning
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ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) is a generic protocol that detects faults in the bidirectional path between two forwarding engines. Virtual Circuit Connectivity Verification (VCCV), as applied to a pseudowire (PW), is a protocol that addresses the end-to-end fault detection and diagnostics for a pseudowire, for health monitoring purposes.

In the event of a fault in the local attachment circuit (AC), the ATM asynchronous feature supports keeping the virtual circuits (VC) or path provisioned on the data plane. The data plane remains continuously active so that the BFD VCCV packets are passed on to the peer within the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) core. When the interface goes down, the PVC is disabled in the line card; when the interface is up or enabled, the PVC is enabled once again.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

You need to configure the atm asynchronous command under the main ATM interface.

Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE and later support the ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning feature only on Cisco 7600 series routers and the SIP-400 line card with Warlord Shared Port Adapter (SPA)(SPA-2XOC3-ATM) and Circuit Emulation over Packet (CEoP) SPAs and Black Russian SPAs (SPA-1CHOC3-CE-ATM).

Restrictions for ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

  • Local switching is not supported.
  • PW redundancy is not supported.
  • A maximum of 2000 VCs are supported with or without OAM emulation.
  • Configuring the ATM asynchronous feature is only allowed under the main interface and not supported under the subinterface. The ATM interface with the ATM Asynchronous feature supports only L2transport virtual path (VP) and L2transport VC. All the other features such as bridging, VC bundle, and IP are not supported.
  • Any change to the ATM VC parameters results in the disconnection of the PW.
  • Enabling or disabling the ATM Asynchronous feature on a VC causes malfunction of ATM and BFD VCCV. Once the ATM Asynchronous feature is enabled, changing the interface configuration is not recommended.
  • Service Policy installation on ATM VP or L2transport VP is not supported.

Information About ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

When an ATM interface is shut down (Customer Edge or Provider Edge, or the ATM link is down), all the VCs and VPs configured on the interface are removed from the driver. As a result, all types of traffic including VCCV and data traffic are blocked.

When there is a fault in the access side of the ATM network, or if the ATM link facing the Customer Edge router is down on the Provider Edge (PE) router, the ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning feature ensures that the data plane is active on the Provider Edge (PE) routers that the BFD VCCV control packets are passed on to the Route Processor from the line card for BFD VCCV processing. The ATM VCs and VPs remain provisioned in the forwarding table entries on the Network Processor and line card. As a result, when the access side network is down, the health of the MPLS core can still be monitored and there is less programming required when the fault is removed from the access side network. Additionally, the Route Processor bundles a number of requests and sends a single message to the line cards for performing different operations on the VP or VCs that contribute to better performance under scale situations.

In addition, for the ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning feature, the following criteria apply:

  • AAL5 and AAL0 encapsulation with cell packing is supported.
  • The Packet Switched Network is based on a transport technology such as MPLS or Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol Version 3 (L2TPv3).
  • BFD provides a generalized Hello protocol for fast failure detection of network resources such as when the interface is in a shut down state and link failures.
  • VCCV provides a control channel and manages the ingress and egress points so that connectivity verification messages can be sent.
  • BFD VCCV control channel mechanisms exchange connectivity packets between ingress and egress points over PW.
  • When the ATM interface is shut down, all the VCs and VPs configured on the interface are disconnected from the driver, resulting in blocking of all traffic including VCCV and data traffic.

How to Configure ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

Configuring ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

Perform this task to configure the ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning feature.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    interface atm interface-number / slot / port

    4.    atm asynchronous

    5.    atm mcpt-timers timer1 timer2 timer3

    6.    cell-packing maxcells mcpt-timer timer-number

    7.    xconnect peer-ipaddress vc-id encapsulation mpls

    8.    xconnect peer-ipaddress vc-id pw-class pw-class-name

    9.    end

    10.    show atm [vc| vp]

    11.    show atm [vc| vp] detail


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 interface atm interface-number / slot / port


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface atm 2/0/0
     

    Enables the ATM interface. Enter the interface number, the slot number and port number.

     
    Step 4 atm asynchronous


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# atm asynchronous
     

    Enable the ATM Asynchronous feature.

     
    Step 5 atm mcpt-timers timer1 timer2 timer3


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# atm mcpt-timers 100 1000 1000
     

    (Only for AAL0 encapsulation) Sets Martini Cell Packing Timer (MCPT) values in microseconds. The range for timer1 and timer2 is 10 to 4095. The range for timer 3 is 20 to 4095.

    MCPT timer sets the time that the router waits for the raw cells (AAL0 encapsulation) to be packed into a single packet for punting into the pseudowire.

     
    Step 6 cell-packing maxcells mcpt-timer timer-number


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# cell-packing 20 mcpt-timer 2
     

    Enables ATM over MPLS to pack multiple ATM cells into each MPLS packet within the MCPT timing.

     
    Step 7 xconnect peer-ipaddress vc-id encapsulation mpls


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# xconnect 22.22.22.22 101 encapsulation mpls
     

    Enables the attachment circuit. Specify the IP address of the peer, and a VC ID. The range of the VC ID is from 1 to 4294967295. You must also specify the data encapsulation method, in this case MPLS.

     
    Step 8 xconnect peer-ipaddress vc-id pw-class pw-class-name


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# xconnect 22.22.22.22 101 pw-class BFD_dyn
     

    (Optional) Specifies the pseudowire class for advanced configuration. Enables the attachment circuit. Specify the IP address of the peer, and a VC ID. The range of the VC ID is from 1 to 4294967295.

     
    Step 9 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if-xconn)# end
     

    Exits Xconnect configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 10 show atm [vc| vp]


    Example:
    Router# show atm vc
     

    Displays ATM VC or VP information.

     
    Step 11 show atm [vc| vp] detail


    Example:
    Router# show atm vc detail
     

    Displays details of ATM VC or VP states.

     

    Configuration Examples for ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

    Example Configuring ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

    This example shows the configuration on the PE router:

    Router# interface ATM1/0/0
    Router(config-if)# no ip address
    Router(config-if)# no atm enable-ilmi-trap
    Router(config-if)# pvc 2/210 l2transport
    Router(config-if)# xconnect 3.1.1.3 1010 pw-class BFD_dyn
    Router(config-if-xconn)# end
    

    Example Verifying the VP States

    This example shows the output of the show atm vp
     command and lists the statistics for all VPs on an interface:
    Router# show atm vp
                                 Data  CES    Peak     CES Avg/Min Burst     MCR
    Interface     VPI SC          VCs  VCs    Kbps    Kbps    Kbps Cells    Kbps    CDVT  Status
    1/1/0          29               0    0  149760       0     N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A  ACTIVE  
    1/1/0          40               0    0  149760       0     N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A  ACTIVE  
    1              90               0    0  149760       0     N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A  INACTIVE
    10             25               0    0  149760       0     N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A  INACTIVE
    10             30               0    0  149760       0     N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A  INACTIVE

    Example Verifying the VC States

    When the ATM interface is shut down, the VCs go into inactive state. This example shows the output of the show atm vc
     command that lists VC states:

    Router# show atm vc
    Codes: DN - DOWN, IN - INACTIVE 
               VCD /                                            Peak Av/Min Burst
    Interface  Name         VPI   VCI Type    Encaps     SC     Kbps   Kbps Cells St
    1/1/0      1              2   200 PVC     AAL5       UBR  149760              UP
    1/1/0      2             29     3 PVC     F4-OAM     UBR  149760              UP
    1/1/0      3             29     4 PVC     F4-OAM     UBR  149760              UP
    1/1/0      4             40     3 PVC     F4-OAM     UBR  149760              UP
    1/1/0      5             40     4 PVC     F4-OAM     UBR  149760              UP
    3/1/0      1              1   200 PVC     AAL0       UBR  149760              UP

    This example shows the output of the show atm vc detail 
    command that lists the details of VC states:

    Router# show atm vc detail
    ATM4/0/0: VCD: 1, VPI: 2, VCI: 200
    ::
    Status: INACTIVE
    Async Status: SETUP_COMP, Admin Status: DISABLED, Flags: Setup 
    	
    ATM4/0/0: VCD: 1, VPI: 2, VCI: 200
    ::
    Status: UP
    Async Status: SETUP_COMP, Admin Status: ENABLED, Flags: Enable 

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    ATM commands

    Cisco IOS Asynchronous Transfer Mode Command Reference

    Standards

    Standard

    Title

    None

    MIBs

    MIB

    MIBs Link

    None

    To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

    RFCs

    RFC

    Title

    None

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

    To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

    Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for ATM AC VC Signaling and Provisioning

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning

    15.0(1)S

    The ATM Attachment Circuit--VC Signaling and Provisioning feature ensures that the data plane is active on the PE box, the BFD VCCV or control packets are passed on to the peer within the MPLS core (PE to PE MPLS cloud), and the smooth flow of data traffic.