Catalyst 6500 Series Switch Content Switching Module (CSM) Installation and Configuration Note, Software Release 4.2(x)
Configuring VLANs
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Configuring VLANs

Table Of Contents

Configuring VLANs

Configuring Client-Side VLANs

Configuring Server-Side VLANs


Configuring VLANs


This chapter describes how to configure VLANs on the CSM and contains these sections:

Configuring Client-Side VLANs

Configuring Server-Side VLANs

When you install the CSM in a Catalyst 6500 series switch, you need to configure client-side and server-side VLANs. (See Figure 4-1.)

Client-side or a server-side VLAN terminology logically distinguishes the VLANs facing the client and the VLANs connecting to the servers or destination devices. However, CSM client and server VLANs function very similarly. For example, new connections can be received on a server-side VLAN and then be load-balanced out to a client-side VLAN.

The differences between client-side and server-side VLANs are as follows:

When configuring bridge mode, you cannot bridge two server VLANs or two client VLANs. You can only bridge a client and a server VLAN.

Denial of service (DoS) protection features are more aggressive on the client-side VLANs, especially when rate limiting control traffic is sent to the central processing unit.


Note You must configure VLANs on the Catalyst 6500 series switch before you configure VLANs for the CSM. VLAN IDs must be the same for the switch and the module.


Figure 4-1 Configuring VLANs

Diagram notes:

1— The CSM does not perform a Layer 3 lookup to forward traffic; the CSM cannot respond to ICMP redirects.

2— You can configure up to 7 gateways per VLAN for up to 511 client and server VLANs and up to 224 gateways for the entire system. If an HSRP gateway is configured, the CSM uses 3 of the 224 gateway entries because traffic can come from the virtual and physical MAC addresses of the HSRP group. (See the "Configuring HSRP" section on page 7-5.) The fault-tolerant VLAN does not use an IP interface, so it does not apply toward the 512 VLAN limit.

Configuring Client-Side VLANs

To configure client-side VLANs, perform this task:


Caution You cannot use VLAN 1 as a client-side or server-side VLAN for the CSM.

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config-module-csm)# vlan 
vlanid client 

Configures the client-side VLANs and enters the client VLAN mode1 .

Step 2 

Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# ip 
active_ip_addr [netmask] [alt 
standby_ip_addr [netmask]] 

Configures an IP address to the active CSM used by probes and ARP requests on this particular VLAN. When using redundant CSMs, enter the alt keyword to specify an alternate IP address that is sent to the standby CSM.2

Step 3 

Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# 
description description

(Optional) Specifies a description for the VLAN. The description can have a maximum of 80 characters.

Step 4 

Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# 
gateway ip-address 

Configures the gateway IP address.

1 Enter the exit command to leave a mode or submode. Enter the end command to return to the menu's-top level.

2 The no form of this command restores the defaults.

This example shows how to configure the CSM for client-side VLANs:

Router(config-module-csm)# vlan 130 client
Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# ip addr 123.44.50.6 255.255.255.0 alt 123.44.50.7 
255.255.255.0
Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# gateway 123.44.50.1
Router(config-slb-vlan-client)# exit

Configuring Server-Side VLANs

To configure server-side VLANs, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config-module-csm)# vlan vlanid server 

Configures the server-side VLANs and enters the server VLAN mode1 .

Step 2 

Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# ip 
active_ip_addr [netmask] [alt standby_ip_addr 
[netmask]]

Configures an IP address for the server-side VLAN. When using redundant CSMs, enter the alt keyword to specify an alternate IP address that is sent to the standby CSM2 .

Step 3 

Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# description 
description

(Optional) Specifies a description for the VLAN. The description can have a maximum of 80 characters.

Step 4 

Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# alias 
ip-address netmask 

(Optional) Configures multiple IP addresses to the CSM as alternate gateways for the real server3 .

Step 5 

Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# route 
ip-address netmask gateway gw-ip-address

Configures a static route to reach the real servers if they are more than one Layer 3 hop away from the CSM.

Step 6 

Router # show module csm slot vlan [client | 
server | ft] [id vlan-id] [detail]

Displays the client-side and server-side VLAN configurations.

1 Enter the exit command to leave a mode or submode. Enter the end command to return to the menu's-top level.

2 The no form of this command restores the defaults.

3 The alias is required in the redundant configuration. See Chapter 7, "Configuring Redundancy."

This example shows how to configure the CSM for server-side VLANs:

Router(config-module-csm)# vlan 150 server
Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# ip addr 123.46.50.6 255.255.255.0
Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# alias 123.60.7.6 255.255.255.0
Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# route 123.60.0.0 255.255.0.0 gateway 123.46.50.1
Router(config-slb-vlan-server)# exit