User Guide for the Cisco Application Networking Manager 5.2.2
Overview
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Overview

Table Of Contents

Overview

ANM Overview

Information About the ACE No Payload Encryption Software Version

IPv6 Considerations

Logging In To the Cisco Application Networking Manager

Changing Your Account Password

ANM Licenses

ANM Interface Components

ANM Windows and Menus

ANM Buttons

Table Conventions

Filtering Entries

Customizing Tables

Using the Advanced Editing Option

ANM Screen Conventions


Overview


This chapter provides an overview of Cisco Application Networking Manager (ANM), which is a networking management application.

This chapter includes the following sections:

ANM Overview

Information About the ACE No Payload Encryption Software Version

IPv6 Considerations

Logging In To the Cisco Application Networking Manager

Changing Your Account Password

ANM Licenses

ANM Interface Components

ANM Overview

ANM is a client server application that enables you to perform the following functions:

Configure, monitor, and troubleshoot the functions of supported data center devices.

Create policies for operations, applications owners, and server administration staff to activate and suspend network-based services without knowledge of, or ability to, change network configuration or topology.

Manage the following product types:

Cisco Application Control Engine (ACE) module or appliance

Cisco Global Site Selector (GSS)

Cisco Content Services Switch (CSS)

Cisco Catalyst 6500 Virtual Switching System (VSS) 1440

Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switch

Cisco 7600 series router

Cisco Content Switching Module (CSM)

Cisco Content Switching Module with SSL (CSM-S)

VMware vCenter Server

You can install the ANM server software on a standalone server or on a VMware virtual machine as shown in Figure 1-1. The capabilities and functions of the ANM software are the same regardless of which application you use. This guide uses the following terms to reference the two ANM applications:

ANM server

Dedicated server with ANM server software and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) operating system installed on it. For information about installing this type of ANM application, see the Installation Guide for the Cisco Application Networking Manager 5.2.

ANM Virtual Appliance

VMware virtual appliance with ANM server software and Cisco Application Delivery Engine Operating System (ADE OS) installed on it. Cisco distributes ANM Virtual Appliance (ANM VA) in Open Virtual Appliance (.OVA) format. For information about installing this type of ANM application, see the Installation Guide for the Cisco Application Networking Manager 5.2 Virtual Appliance.

Figure 1-1 Sample ANM Network Deployment

The sample network application in Figure 1-1 illustrates the following ANM and ACE features:

VMware integration—Feature that enables ANM and the ACE to be integrated with VMware, allowing you to create and manage server farms for application delivery that consist of real servers that are a combination of physical servers and VMware virtual machines (VMs).

Dynamic Workload Scaling—ACE feature that permits on-demand access to remote resources, such as VMs, that you own or lease from an Internet service provider (or cloud service provider). This feature uses Cisco's Nexus 7000 series switches with Cisco's Overlay Transport Virtualization (OTV), which is a Data Center Interconnect (DCI) technology used to create a Layer 2 link over an existing IP network between geographically distributed data centers.

For more information, see the "Dynamic Workload Scaling Overview" section.


Note Dynamic Workload Scaling requires ACE module or appliance software Version A4(2.0) or later and the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series switch.


ANM plug-in for vCenter Server—Enabling the plug-in on an ANM server or ANM Virtual Appliance permits access to ANM's ACE server load-balancing functions from a VMware vSphere Client.

For more information, see "Using the ANM Plug-In With Virtual Data Centers."

ANM Mobile—Feature that enables supported mobile devices to access to your ANM server or ANM Virtual Appliance, allowing you to manage the network objects in much the same way you do from an ANM client. Using a mobile device, you can run ANM Mobile as a native application or inside the mobile device's browser.

For more information, see Chapter 19 "Using ANM Mobile."

Information About the ACE No Payload Encryption Software Version

Beginning with ACE software Version A5(2.0), Cisco makes available the following two ACE software versions:

ACE Payload Encryption (PE)—CLI commands related to payload encryption protocols are enabled. The ACE uses the payload encryption protocols to encrypt through-the-box traffic, such as IPsec, SSL VPN, and other secure voice protocols. The ACE PE software version contains the same payload encryption functionality found in previous ACE software versions.

ACE No Payload Encryption (NPE)—CLI commands related to payload encryption protocols are either removed or do not function because the key encryption configuration commands have been removed. The new ACE NPE software version supports customers located in countries where the United States has imposed export restrictions on crypto functions. Without the use of payload encryption protocol commands, you cannot configure the ACE to perform data encryption tasks, such as configuring it as a virtual Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) server for SSL initiation or termination.


Note Modifications made to the ACE NPE software version do not affect management protocols, such as SSH.


When accessing an ACE that uses the ACE NPE software version, ANM includes the following modifications:

The SSL configuration tab (Config > Devices > SSL) is removed to prevent access to the main SSL configuration windows.

In GUI sections that typically contain encryption-related configuration attributes, the attributes are either removed or you are not permitted to configure them. If you attempt to configure an encryption-related attribute, ANM does not allow you to deploy the configuration.

In GUI sections that display monitored attributes that include encryption-related attributes (such as SSL connection rate), the encryption-related attributes may be listed but do not show any values associated with them.

This guide and the ANM online help contain notes where information about encryption-related attributes is affected when accessing an ACE that uses the ACE NPE software version.

IPv6 Considerations

Beginning with ACE software Version 5.1, the ACE supports IPv6 configurations, which you can configure using ANM beginning with ANM software Version 5.1.

The ACE supports IPv6 configurations with the following considerations:

All the management traffic used by ANM is required to send over IPv4 protocol. IPv6 is not supported.

By default, IPv6 is disabled on an interface. You must enable IPv6 on the interface to enable its configured IPv6 addresses. The interface cannot be in bridged mode. The interface may or may not have IPv4 addresses configured on it.

When you enable IPv6 or configure a global IPv6 address on an interface, the ACE automatically does the following:

Configures a link-local address (if it is not already configured)

Performs duplicate address detection (DAD) on both addresses

You must enable IPv6 on the interface to enable global IPv6 address.

IPv6 on interface can be individually enabled or disabled. IPv6 cannot be enabled or disabled globally.

A link-local address is an IPv6 unicast address that has a scope of the local link only and is required on every interface. Every link-local address has a predefined prefix of FE80::/10. You can configure a link-local address manually. If you do not configure a link-local address before enabling an IPV6 address on the interface, the ACE automatically generates a link-local address with a prefix of FE80::/64. Only one IPv6 link-local address can be configured on an interface.

In a redundant configuration, you can configure an IPv6 peer link-local address for the standby ACE. You can configure only one peer link-local address on an interface.

A unique-local address is an optional IPv6 unicast address that is used for local communication within an organization and it is similar to a private IPv4 address (for example, 10.10.2.1). unique-local addresses have a global scope, but they are not routable on the Internet, and they are assigned by a central authority. All unique-local addresses have a predefined prefix of FC00::/7. You can configure only one IPv6 unique-local address on an interface.

In a redundant configuration, you can configure an IPv6 peer unique-local address on the active that is synchronized to the standby ACE. You can configure only one peer unique-local IPv6 address on an interface.

A global address is an IPv6 unicast address that is used for general IPv6 communication. Each global address is unique across the entire Internet. Therefore, its scope is global. The low order 64 bits can be assigned in several ways, including autoconfiguration using the EUI-64 format. You can configure only one globally unique IPv6 address on an interface.

In a redundant configuration, you can configure an IPv6 peer global address that is synchronized to the standby ACE.

When you configure redundancy with active and standby ACEs, you can configure a VLAN interface that has an alias global IPv6 address that is shared between the active and standby ACEs. The alias IPv6 address serves as a shared gateway for the two ACEs in a redundant configuration. You can configure only one alias global IPv6 address on an interface.

A multicast address is used for communications from one source to many destinations. IPv6 multicast addresses function in a manner that is similar to IPv4 multicast addresses. All multicast addresses have a predefined prefix of FF00::/8.

The ACE supports abbreviated IPv6 addresses. When using double colons (::) for leading zeros in a contiguous block, they can only be used once in an address. Leading zeros can be omitted. Trailing zeros cannot be omitted. The DM will abbreviate an IPv6 address after you finish typing it. If you enter the entire address with a block of contiguous zeros, the DM collapses it into the double colons. For example: FF01:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:101 becomes FF01::101.

The ACE uses the Neighbor Discovery (ND) protocol to manage and learn the mapping of IPv6 to Media Access Control (MAC) addresses of nodes attached to the local link. The ACE uses this information to forward and transmit IPv6 packets. The neighbor discovery protocol enables IPv6 nodes and routers to:

Determine the link-layer address of a neighbor on the same link

Find neighboring routers

Keep track of neighbors

The IPv6 neighbor discovery process uses ICMPv6 messages and solicited-node multicast addresses to determine the link-layer address of a neighbor on the same network (local link), verify the reachability of a neighbor, and keep track of neighbor routers. The IPv6 neighbor discovery process uses the following mechanisms for its operation:

Neighbor Solicitation

Neighbor Advertisement

Router Solicitation

Router Advertisement

Duplicate Address Detection

The ACE supports IPv6-to-IPv6 L4/L7 SLB, including support for IPv6 VIP, predictor, probe, serverfarm, sticky, access-list, object-group, interface, source NAT, OCSP, and CRL.

The probe must have the same IP address type (IPv6 or IPv4) as the real server. For example, you cannot configure an IPv6 probe to an IPv4 real server.

A server farm can support a mix of IPv6 and IPv4 real servers, and can be associated with both IPv6 and IPv4 probes.

Only the following Layer 7 protocols support IPv6:

Layer 7 HTTP/HTTPS/DNS

Layer 4 TCP/UDP

The ACE supports the following:

IPv6-to-IPv4 SLB and IPv4-to-IPv6 SLB for L7 HTTP/HTTPS/TCP/UDP

Source NAT support of IPv6

IPv6 access-list and object group

DHCPv6 relay

ICMPv6 traffic is not automatically allowed. You must configure the corresponding management traffic policy to allow the ping request to ACE. However, the necessary Neighbor Discovery (ND) messages for ARP, duplication address detection are automatically permitted.

Copying files over IPv6 to or from devices are not supported.

The ACE supports IPv6 HA:

All the FT transport (ft vlan) is still on IPv4.

Track IPv6 host /peer will be supported

Logging In To the Cisco Application Networking Manager

You access ANM features and functions through a web-based interface. The following sections describe logging in, the interface, and terms used in ANM.

The ANM login window allows you to do the following tasks:

Log into the ANM server.

Change the password for your account (see the "Changing Your Account Password" section).

Obtain online help by clicking Help.

Procedure


Step 1 Choose one the following:

To log in after a new install, which uses the default web ports of 443 and 80, enter https://host.


Note You do not have to explicitly enter the default ports 443 and 80.



Caution If you log in using HTTP, you must change the properties file. See the "Changing ANM Software Configuration Attributes" section for details. If you enable HTTP, you make your connection to ANM less secure.

To log in after an upgrade, enter https://<host>:10443 or https://<host>:10080.


Note You must explicitly enter the nondefault ports 10443 and 10080.



Note All browsers require that cookies, Javascript/scripting, and popup windows are enabled. If you reinstall a subsequent ANM release, you must delete the cookies and clear the browser cache.


For example, enter https://192.168.10.10:10443. The login window appears.

Step 2 In the User Name field, enter admin, which is the predefined user account that comes with a new installation.


Note If you are logging in using ACS authentication (TACACS or RADIUS), you must add '@<organization> to the username on the login page, or you will not be able to log in.


Once you are logged in using this account, you can create additional user accounts. For information on changing account passwords, see the "Modifying User Accounts" section.

Step 3 In the Password field, enter the password that you configured the admin account with when installing ANM.

Step 4 Press Enter or click Login.

When you log in, the default page that appears is the ANM Homepage (see the "ANM Windows and Menus" section). You can change your default page by making a different selection from the Homepage. See the "Customizing the Default ANM Page" section for details.

For a description of the user interface, see Figure 1-2. The interface will not contain data until you add devices by one of the methods described in the "Importing Network Devices into ANM" section.


Related Topics

Changing Your Account Password

ANM Interface Components

Changing Your Account Password

You can change your account password when you log into ANM.

Guidelines and Restrictions

By default, the feature that allows you to change your password when logging into ANM is enabled; however, this feature can be disabled. When disabled, the ANM login window no longer displays the Change Password hyperlink. For more information, see the "Disabling the ANM Login Window Change Password Feature" section.

Procedure


Step 1 Using a web browser, navigate to the ANM login window by typing the IP address or hostname where ANM is installed. For example, enter https://192.168.10.10. The login window appears.

Step 2 In the User Name field, enter your account username.

Step 3 Click Change Password. The Change password configuration window appears.

Step 4 In the User Name field, enter the username of the account that you want to modify.

Step 5 In the Old Password field, enter the current password for this account.

Step 6 In the New Password field, enter the new password for this account.

Password attributes such as minimum and maximum length or accepted characters are defined at the organizational level. For more information on configuring passwords, see the "Configuring User Authentication and Authorization" section.

Step 7 In the Confirm New Password field, reenter the new password for this account.

Step 8 Do one of the following:

Click OK to save your entries and to return to the login window.

Click Cancel to exit this procedure without saving your entries and to return to the login window.


Related Topics

Logging In To the Cisco Application Networking Manager

ANM Interface Components

Disabling the ANM Login Window Change Password Feature

ANM Licenses

Beginning with ANM software Version 5.2, ANM includes a 90-day evaluation period that begins when you install the software image. During this time, you can use all the functions of ANM without installing a license, including managing any number of supported devices and any number of ACE virtual contexts. However, to continue using ANM beyond the evaluation period, you must install the ANM server license, which is available at no charge.

The ANM demo license is also available, which allows ANM to perform all the functions associated with the ANM server license; however, the demo license has an expiration date associated with it. You can order a demo license if you do not know the PAK number required to order the ANM server license.

For more information about the 90-day evaluation period, available ANM licenses, and installing a license, see the "Using ANM License Manager to Manage ANM Server or Demo Licenses" section

Related Topics

Using ANM License Manager to Manage ANM Server or Demo Licenses

ANM Interface Components

This section includes the following topics:

ANM Windows and Menus

ANM Buttons

Table Conventions

ANM Screen Conventions

When you log in to ANM, the default window that appears is the Homepage from which you can access the operational and monitoring features of ANM. For details about using Homepage, see the "Information About Homepage" section).

Figure 1-2 shows the Devices window (Config > Devices), which is an example ANM work window where you view the network device tree and perform network management tasks. Table 1-1 describes the numbered fields.


Note The ANM software version that displays across the top of the window varies depending on your version of ANM.


Figure 1-2 ANM Interface Components

  

Table 1-1 ANM Interface Components Descriptions

Field
Description

1

Navigation pane, which contains the following components:

High-level navigation path within the ANM interface, which includes Config, Monitor, and Admin. You can click an item in the navigation path to view that window.

Logout hyperlink.

About hyperlink that provides ANM version information.

Feedback hyperlink that opens a new browser window containing the ANM user feedback form hosted on www.ciscofeedback.vovici.com.

Help hyperlink that provides context-sensitive help and a PDF version of the ANM user guide.

2

Second-level Navigation pane, which contains another level of navigation. Clicking an option in this pane displays the associated window in the content area.

3

Content area, which contains the display and input area of the window. It can include tables, configuration items, buttons, or combinations of these items.

4

Status bar, which indicates the date and time of the ANM server machine. ANM frequently updates the status bar.


Related Topics

ANM Windows and Menus

ANM Interface Components

Using Homepage

ANM Windows and Menus

Figure 1-3 contains many common window elements found in ANM and described in Table 1-2. Not all windows contain all buttons.


Note The ANM software version that displays across the top of the window varies depending on your version of ANM.


Figure 1-3 Example ANM Window

  

Table 1-2 Example ANM Window Descriptions

Number
Description

1

Device tree that appears when you click Config or Monitor. The device tree includes All Devices and Groups folders:

The All Devices folder expands to show the names of imported Cisco devices and their associated modules or virtual contexts. When you click the plus sign (+) in front of a chassis icon, you can see a list of the modules in the chassis. When you expand an ACE appliance or ACE module, you can see the list of existing virtual contexts for that device. For more information about adding devices, see the "Importing Network Devices into ANM" section.

The Groups folder contains the list of user-defined groups. For more information about user-defined groups, see the "Configuring User-Defined Groups" section.

The Organization tree displays when you click Admin > Role-Based Access Control. The organization tree includes all organizations in ANM. Choosing an organization name displays its details.

To expand folders in the device tree, click the plus sign (+) to the right of an option. To collapse the structure, click the minus sign (-).

At the top of the tree are the following buttons:

Refresh—Refreshes the device tree after you have imported devices or made changes to the User Groups.

Plus sign (+) —Allows you to add an item to the selected option in the device tree.

Garbage can—Deletes the selected entry.

Note Menus are based on device types. Although menu labels are the same for different device types, the actual menu definition is different. For example, you cannot preserve the menu state while traversing back an forth from a module to a virtual context in the device tree.

2

Option menus, which appear in Config windows. Click the icon on the bar to show or hide the options.

3

Object selector. Use this field to choose a device, context, building block, or other object that you want to view information on or configure.

4

Command buttons. Use these buttons to perform the action identified by the button label.

5

Input fields. Use these fields to make selections and provide information. When there are more than three choices for any field, the field displays as a drop-down list. Otherwise, selections display with radio buttons.

6

Feature panel that contains functions that correspond to what is selected in the device or organization tree. Click on a command to expand the list of options that correspond to that command.


Related Topics

ANM Buttons

ANM Screen Conventions

ANM Buttons

Table 1-3 describes the buttons that appear in some of the Config, Monitor, and Admin windows.

Table 1-3 Button Descriptions 

Button
Name
Description

ACL table (expand)

Allows you to expand all ACL table entries.

ACL table (collapse)

Allows you to collapse all ACL table entries.

ACL table (resequence)

Allows you to open the resequence popup window that allows you to reorder the ACL table entries.

Add

Allows you to add an entry to the displayed table.

Add another

Saves the current entries and refreshes the window so that you can add another entry.

Advanced editing mode

Allows you to view or enter advanced arguments for the chosen display.

Auto refresh (pause)

Allows you to interrupt the table data autorefresh process.

Auto refresh (resume)

Indicates that the table data autorefresh process is on pause and allows you to resume.

Customize

Allows you to customize the table to suit your needs. (See the "Customizing Tables" section.)

Delete

Deletes the chosen entry in the table.

Duplicate

Duplicates the chosen entry in the table.

Edit

Opens the configuration window of a chosen entry in the table.

Groups

Allows you to create groups of the following objects:

Real servers (see the "Managing Real Server Groups" section)

Virtual servers (see the "Managing Virtual Server Groups" section)

GSS VIP answers or DVS rules (see the "Creating a VIP Answer or DNS Rule Group" section)

Filter

Filters the displayed list of items according to the criteria that you specify. (See the "Filtering Entries" section.) Also displays a filter text box where strings can be entered.

Go

Appears when filtering is enabled; updates the table with the filtering criteria.

Key

Indicates that the associated field is a foreign key field. This field takes its values from another table.

Plus

Displays a table with information related to the field where Plus appears. For example, if Plus appears next to the field label VLAN Group, clicking Plus displays a list of all VLAN groups in a separate window.

Refresh

Refreshes the content area.

Save

Displays the current information in a new window in either raw data or Microsoft Excel format so you can save it to a file or print it.

Full window view

Allows you to adopt a larger (full) window view for a table or dashboard window.

Reduced window view (normal)

Allows you to adopt a smaller window view for a table or dashboard window.

Sort

Sorts a column alphabetically up or down.

Stop

Stops the current process. If a process is only partially complete, it will finish its current operation and exit. For example, when stop is used during the import of two modules, it will complete only the first of two module imports.

Switch between configure and browse modes

Displays the subtables for those items that have additional sets of parameters that can be configured, such as Config > Devices > Network > VLAN Interfaces.

Note This button is not available on single-row tables such as Config > Devices > System > Syslog or Config > Devices > System > SNMP. To switch between these modes, navigate to another window where the button appears (for example, Config > Devices > Load Balancing > Server Farms), click the button to enter desired mode, then return to the window on which the button was missing. You will remain in the mode you chose.

View Excel

Displays the raw data in Microsoft Excel format in a separate browser window.

View raw data

Displays the raw data in table format.

Show as image

Displays the historical data object graph in a separate browser window.

View as chart

Toggles the display of a historical data object as a graph in the monitoring window.

View as grid

Toggles the display of a historical data object as a numerical grid in the monitoring window. From this display, you can export the data in Microsoft Excel format.


Related Topics

ANM Windows and Menus

ANM Screen Conventions

Table Conventions

This section describes the ANM GUI table conventions, including how to filter the information displayed and how to customize a table's appearance.

This section includes the following topics:

Filtering Entries

Customizing Tables

Using the Advanced Editing Option

Filtering Entries

You can filter the information that a table displays. Click Filter to view table entries using the criteria that you chose. When filtering is enabled, a filter row appears above the first table entry that allows you to filter entries in the following ways:

In fields with drop-down lists, choose one of the ANM-identified categories (see Figure 1-4). The table refreshes automatically with the entries that match the chosen criterion.

In fields without drop-down lists, enter the string that you want to match, and then click Go above the first table entry. The table refreshes with the entries that match your input.

Enter the string in the filter box. For example, by entering the string gold and clicking Go, only the gold Resource Class virtual contexts appear (see Figure 1-4).

Figure 1-4 Example Table with Filtering Enabled

Related Topics

ANM Interface Components

Customizing Tables

Using the Advanced Editing Option

Customizing Tables

You can customize a table for your use. Click Customize in a table to configure the table to suit your needs.

When you place the cursor over Customize, the following items appear:

Default—When chosen with a check mark, this item indicates that the ANM default table format is being used by the current table.

Configure—When chosen, this item opens a dialog box that allows you to create a new customized table format or to modify the table format currently in use.

Procedure


Step 1 When viewing a table, choose Customize > Configure.

The List Configuration dialog box appears.

Step 2 In the List Configuration dialog box, enter the information in Table 1-4.


Note Depending on the table that you chose, the available fields in the configuration table differ. Table 1-4 includes sample fields that might appear.



Note You can be as inclusive or as restrictive as you like when setting table configuration options.


Table 1-4 Table Configuration Attributes 

Field
Description

List Customization Name

Unique name for a new table configuration.

Fields

Fields that you can include in the table, choose the fields from the Available Items list, and click Add. To remove fields from the table, choose the fields from the Selected Items list, and then click Remove.

Up/Down

Location of a column in the table that you can change. Choose its name in the column on the right, then click Up or Down to place it in the desired location.

Group By

Field that you want to group entries by.

When you choose a field for grouping, one or more entries appears in the table with + at the beginning of the entry, the name of the field, the grouping criteria, and the number of items in the group. Click + to view all entries in the group.

Descending

Descending check box to sort the groups in reverse order. Clear the Descending check box to sort the groups in ascending order.

Sort By

Field that you want to sort entries by.

When you choose a field for sorting, all entries in the table are sorted according to the values in the selected field.

Name Filter

Name that represents the name of each field in the table.

Enter the string or value that you want to filter the results by.

You can enter complete or partial strings or values to be matched. Do not include wildcard characters.

Version Filter

Version that represents the name of each field in the table.

Enter the string or value that you want to filter the results by.

You can enter complete or partial strings or values to be matched. Do not include wildcard characters.


Step 3 Do one of the following:

Click Save to save your entries under a new name and to close the List Configuration dialog box. If a table using this format is displayed, the table is updated automatically.

Click Cancel to exit the procedure without saving your entries and to close the List Configuration dialog box.

Click Apply to apply your current entries to the table that you are viewing, to save your entries, and to close the List Configuration dialog box.

Click Delete to delete the currently selected customized table format. It no longer appears as an option when you click Customize.


Related Topics

ANM Interface Components

Filtering Entries

Using the Advanced Editing Option

Using the Advanced Editing Option

By default, tables include columns that contain configured attributes or a subset of columns related to a key field.

To view all configurable attributes in table format, click Advanced Editing Mode (the highlighted button in Figure 1-5). When advanced editing mode is enabled, all columns appear for your review (see Figure 1-5).

Figure 1-5 Advanced Editing Enabled Window

Related Topics

ANM Interface Components

Filtering Entries

Customizing Tables

ANM Screen Conventions

Table 1-5 describes other conventions used in ANM screens.

  

Table 1-5 ANM Window Conventions 

Convention
Example
Description

Dimmed field

If no items are selected, buttons are dimmed. If an item is selected, only operational buttons appear.

Red asterisk

 

A red asterisk indicates a required field.

Yellow field with red font

Incorrect, invalid, or incomplete entries appear as red font against a yellow background with the reason for that error. In the example, an IP address cannot begin with four digits, which results in this display.

Drop-down lists

When there are more than three choices for any field, the field displays as a drop-down list. Otherwise, selections display with radio buttons.


Related Topics

Table Conventions

ANM Interface Components