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Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switches

Nexus 7000 M-Series Module ELAM Procedure

Nexus 7000 M-Series Module ELAM Procedure

Document ID: 116645

Updated: Oct 21, 2013

Contributed by Andrew Gossett and Yogesh Ramdoss, Cisco TAC Engineers.

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Introduction

This document describes the steps used in order to perform an ELAM on Cisco Nexus 7000 (N7K) M-Series modules, explains the most relevant outputs, and describes how to interpret the results.

Tip: Refer to the ELAM Overview document for an overview on ELAM.

Topology


In this example, a host on VLAN 2500 (10.0.5.101), port Eth4/1 sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) request to a host on VLAN 55 (10.0.3.101), port Eth3/5. ELAM is used in order to capture this single packet from 10.0.5.101 to 10.0.3.101. It is important to remember that ELAM allows you to capture a single frame.

In order to perform an ELAM on the N7K, you must first connect to the appropriate module (this requires the network-admin privilege):

N7K# attach module 4
Attaching to module 4 ...
To exit type 'exit', to abort type '$.'
module-4#

Determine the Ingress Forwarding Engine

Traffic is expected to ingress the switch on port Eth4/1. When you check the modules in the system, you see that Module 4 is an M-Series module. It is important to remember that the N7K is fully-distributed, and that the modules, not the supervisor, make the forwarding decisions for dataplane traffic.

N7K# show module
Mod  Ports  Module-Type                         Model              Status
---  -----  ----------------------------------- ------------------ ----------
3    32     10 Gbps Ethernet Module             N7K-M132XP-12      ok
4    48     10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Module    N7K-M148GT-11      ok
5    0      Supervisor module-1X                N7K-SUP1           active *
6    0      Supervisor module-1X                N7K-SUP1           ha-standby

For M-Series modules, perform the ELAM on the Layer 2 (L2) Forwarding Engine (FE) with internal codename Eureka. Note that the L2 FE Data Bus (DBUS) contains the original header information before the L2 and Layer 3 (L3) lookups, and the Result Bus (RBUS) contains the results after both L3 and L2 lookups. The L3 lookup is performed by the L3/Layer 4 (L4) FE with internal codename Lamira, which is the same process used on the Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series switch platform that runs Supervisor Engine 2T.

N7K M-Series modules can use multiple FEs for each module, so you must determine the Eureka ASIC that is used for the FE on port Eth4/1. Enter this command in order to verify this:

module-4# show hardware internal dev-port-map 
(some output omitted)
--------------------------------------------------------------
CARD_TYPE:         48 port 1G
>Front Panel ports:48
--------------------------------------------------------------
Device name             Dev role              Abbr num_inst:
--------------------------------------------------------------
> Eureka                 DEV_LAYER_2_LOOKUP     L2LKP 1
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
+-----------+++FRONT PANEL PORT TO ASIC INSTANCE MAP+++--------+
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
FP port|PHYS |SECUR |MAC_0 |RWR_0 |L2LKP |L3LKP |QUEUE |SWICHF
   1     0      0      0      0     0      0      0      0
   2     0      0      0      0     0      0      0      0

In the output, you can see that port Eth4/1 is on Eureka (L2LKP) instance 0.

Note: For M-Series modules, the ELAM syntax uses 1-based values, so instance 0 becomes instance 1 when you configure the ELAM. This is not the case for F-Series modules.

module-4# elam asic eureka instance 1
module-4(eureka-elam)#

Configure the Trigger

The Eureka ASIC supports ELAM triggers for IPv4, IPv6, and others. The ELAM trigger must align with the frame type. If the frame is an IPv4 frame, then the trigger must also be IPv4. An IPv4 frame is not captured with an other trigger. The same logic applies to IPv6. 

With Nexus Operating Systems (NX-OS), you can use the question mark character in order to separate the ELAM trigger:

module-4(eureka-elam)# trigger dbus dbi ingress ipv4 if ?
  (some output omitted)
  destination-flood         Destination Flood
  destination-index         Destination Index
  destination-ipv4-address  Destination IP Address
  destination-mac-address   Destination MAC Address
  ip-tos                    IP TOS
  ip-total-len              IP Total Length
  ip-ttl                    IP TTL
  source-mac-address        Source MAC Address
  vlan-id                   Vlan ID Number

For this example, the frame is captured according to the source and destination IPv4 addresses, so only those values are specified.

Eureka requires that triggers are set for the DBUS and the RBUS. There are two different Packet Buffers (PB) in which the RBUS data can reside. Determination of the correct PB instance is dependent upon the exact module type and ingress port. Typically, it is recommended that you configure PB1, and if the RBUS does not trigger, then repeat the configuration with PB2.

Here is the DBUS trigger:

module-4(eureka-elam)# trigger dbus dbi ingress ipv4 if source-ipv4-address
  10.0.5.101 destination-ipv4-address 10.0.3.101 rbi-corelate

Here is the RBUS trigger:

module-4(eureka-elam)# trigger rbus rbi pb1 ip if cap2 1

Note: The rbi-correlate keyword at the end of the DBUS trigger is required in order for the RBUS to correctly trigger on the cap2 bit.

Start the Capture

Now that the ingress FE is selected and you configured the trigger, you can start the capture:

module-4(eureka-elam)# start

In order to check the status of the ELAM, enter the status command:

module-4(eureka-elam)# status
Instance: 1
EU-DBUS: Armed
trigger dbus dbi ingress ipv4 if source-ipv4-address 10.0.5.101
  destination-ipv4-address 10.0.3.101 rbi-corelate
EU-RBUS: Armed
trigger rbus rbi pb1 ip if cap2 1
LM-DBUS: Dis-Armed
No configuration
LM-RBUS: Dis-Armed
No configuration

Once the frame that matches the trigger is received by the FE, the ELAM status shows as Triggered:

module-4(eureka-elam)# status
Instance: 1
EU-DBUS: Triggered
trigger dbus dbi ingress ipv4 if source-ipv4-address 10.0.5.101
  destination-ipv4-address 10.0.3.101 rbi-corelate
EU-RBUS: Triggered
trigger rbus rbi pb1 ip if cap2 1
LM-DBUS: Dis-Armed
No configuration
LM-RBUS: Dis-Armed
No configuration

Interpret the Results

In order to display the ELAM results, enter the show dbus and show rbus commands. If there is a high volume of traffic that matches the same triggers, the DBUS and RBUS might trigger on different frames. Therefore, it is important to check the internal sequence numbers on the DBUS and RBUS data in order to ensure that they match:

module-4(eureka-elam)# show dbus | i seq
seq = 0x05
module-4(eureka-elam)# show rbus | i seq
seq = 0x05

Here is the excerpt from the ELAM data that is most relevant to this example (some output is omitted):

module-4(eureka-elam)# show dbus 
seq = 0x05
vlan = 2500
source_index = 0x00a21
l3_protocol = 0x0   (0:IPv4, 6:IPv6)
l3_protocol_type = 0x01, (1:ICMP, 2:IGMP, 4:IP, 6:TCP, 17:UDP)
dmac = 00.00.0c.07.ac.65
smac = d0.d0.fd.b7.3d.c2
ip_ttl = 0xff
ip_source = 010.000.005.101
ip_destination = 010.000.003.101

module-4(eureka-elam)# show rbus
seq = 0x05
flood = 0x0
dest_index = 0x009ed
vlan = 55
ttl = 0xfe
data(rit/dmac/recir) = 00.05.73.a9.55.41
data(rit/smac/recir) = 84.78.ac.0e.47.41

With the DBUS data, you can verify that the frame is received on VLAN 2500 with a source MAC address of d0d0.fdb7.3dc2 and a destination MAC address of 0000.0c07.ac65. You can also see that this is an IPv4 frame that is sourced from 10.0.5.101, and is destined to 10.0.3.101.

Tip: There are several other useful fields that are not included in this output, such as Type of Service (TOS) value, IP flags, IP length, and L2 frame length.

In order to verify on which port the frame is received, enter the SRC_INDEX command (the source Local Target Logic (LTL)). Enter this command in order to map an LTL to a port or group of ports for the N7K:

N7K# show system internal pixm info ltl 0xa21
Member info
------------------
Type            LTL
---------------------------------
PHY_PORT       Eth4/1         
FLOOD_W_FPOE   0x8014

The output shows that the SRC_INDEX of 0xa21 maps to port Eth4/1. This confirms that the frame is received on port Eth4/1.

With the RBUS data, you can verify that the frame is routed to VLAN 55, and that the TTL is decremented from 0xff in the DBUS data to 0xfe in the RBUS data. You can see that the source and destination MAC addresses are rewritten to 8478.ac0e.4741 and 0005.73a9.5541, respectively. Additionally, you can confirm the egress port from the DEST_INDEX (destination LTL):

N7K# show system internal pixm info ltl 0x9ed
Member info
------------------
Type            LTL
---------------------------------
PHY_PORT       Eth3/5         
FLOOD_W_FPOE   0x8017
FLOOD_W_FPOE   0x8016

The output shows that the DEST_INDEX of 0x9ed maps to port Eth3/5. This confirms that the frame is sent from port Eth3/5.

Additional Verification

In order to verify how the switch allocates the LTL pool, enter the show system internal pixm info ltl-region command. The output from this command is useful in order to understand the purpose of an LTL if it is not matched to a physical port. A good example of this is a Drop LTL:

N7K# show system internal pixm info ltl 0x11a0
0x11a0 is not configured

N7K# show system internal pixm info ltl-region
LTL POOL TYPE                          SIZE        RANGE
=====================================================================
DCE/FC Pool                            1024       0x0000 to 0x03ff
SUP Inband LTL                           32       0x0400 to 0x041f
MD Flood LTL                              1       0x0420
Central R/W                               1       0x0421
UCAST Pool                             1536       0x0422 to 0x0a21
PC Pool                                1720       0x0a22 to 0x10d9
LC CPU Pool                              32       0x1152 to 0x1171
EARL Pool                                72       0x10da to 0x1121
SPAN Pool                                48       0x1122 to 0x1151
UCAST VDC Use Pool                       16       0x1172 to 0x1181
UCAST Generic Pool                       30       0x1182 to 0x119f
LISP Pool                                 4       0x1198 to 0x119b
Invalid SI                                1       0x119c to 0x119c
ESPAN SI                                  1       0x119d to 0x119d
Recirc SI                                 1       0x119e to 0x119e
Drop DI                                   2       0x119f to 0x11a0
UCAST (L3_SVI_SI) Region                 31       0x11a1 to 0x11bf
UCAST (Fex/GPC/SVI-ES)       3648       0x11c0 to 0x1fff
UCAST Reserved for Future Use Region   2048       0x2000 to 0x27ff
======================> UCAST MCAST BOUNDARY <======================
VDC OMF Pool                             32       0x2800 to 0x281f
Updated: Oct 21, 2013
Document ID: 116645