Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers

Crypto Engine Failure on Cisco ASR 1006 or ASR 1013 Router with a Single ESP

Document ID: 116878

Updated: Dec 18, 2013

Contributed by Michal Stanczyk, Cisco TAC Engineer.




This document describes how to identify and resolve a problem with IPSec operations that might be observed on the Cisco Aggregation Services Router (ASR) 1006 or ASR 1013 platforms. This can occur when there is only one embedded services processor (ESP) installed and it is seated in slot F1.



There are no specific requirements for this document.

Components Used

The information in this document is based on the Cisco 1000 Series ASR 1006 or the Cisco ASR 1013.

The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.

Background Information

The Cisco 1000 Series ASR portfolio includes two models (ASR 1006 and ASR 1013). Each model features redundant route processors (RP) and ESPs.  In general, a single ESP is installed in the Cisco ASR 1006 and Cisco ASR 1013 in either slot F0 or F1, with no restrictions. The same premise applies to RP slots.

The slot numbering is described in the Cisco ASR 1006 and Cisco ASR 1013 installation guides.


The crypto engine fails to initialize after a device power-cycle. When ESP is seated in slot F1 and there is no running ESP in slot F0. The problem is seen on the following products:


  • Dual-ESP Cisco ASR 1000 models:  ASR1006 or ASR1013.


  • For Cisco IOS® XE Release 3.7.xS train:  Version 3.7.3S or earlier; 3.7.4S and later is not affected.
  • For later Cisco IOS XE trains:  Version 3.9.1S or earlier; 3.9.2S and later is not affected.

Symptoms of the problem include:

  • The logs display this error message:
    ISAKMP: Unable to find a crypto engine to allocate IKE SA
  • Output from the  show crypto eli and show crypto ace slot <number> status commands indicates that the crypto engine is inactive:
    ASR1006#show crypto eli 
    Hardware Encryption: INACTIVE
    Number of hardware crypto engines = 1

    CryptoEngine IOSXE-ESP(14) details: state = Initializing Capability : DES, 3DES, AES, GCM, GMAC, RSA, IPv6, GDOI, FAILCLOSE IKE-Session : 0 active, 12287 max, 0 failed DH : 0 active, 12287 max, 0 failed IPSec-Session : 0 active, 32766 max, 0 failed

    ASR1006#show crypto ace slot 14 stat | inc status

    ACE status: OFFLINE

This problem might occur in these scenarios:

  • A single ESP is inserted into slot F1 and there is no ESP in slot F0. The router has been power-cycled.
  • There are two ESPs, but due to an issue, the ESP in F0 failed and left a single ESP in F1. The router has been power-cycled.

Enter the show platform command in order to verify the availability of the ESP. 


    ASR1006#show platform
Chassis type: ASR1006
Slot Type State Insert time (ago) 0 ASR1000-SIP10 ok 00:32:04 0/0 SPA-8X1GE-V2 ok 00:29:46 1 ASR1000-SIP10 ok 00:32:04 1/0 SPA-8X1GE-V2 ok 00:29:46 R1 ASR1000-RP1 ok, active 00:32:04 F1 ASR1000-ESP10 ok, active 00:32:04 P0 ASR1006-PWR-AC ok 00:31:12 P1 ASR1006-PWR-AC ok 00:31:11


The problem is due to Cisco bug ID CSCue45131, "sVTI tunnel I/F does not come up after router reboot."
The bug is fixed in Cisco IOS XE Releases 3.7.4S and 3.9.2S.

The problem does not exist in the Cisco IOS XE Release 3.10.0S train.

The best solution is to make sure that the currently functioning ESP is installed in slot F0. If that solution is not possible, other workarounds that can be applied remotely are:

  • Reload the ESP:  # hw module slot F1 reload


  • Reload the router
Updated: Dec 18, 2013
Document ID: 116878