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Cisco ONS 15454 Series Multiservice Provisioning Platforms

Adding and Dropping Nodes in Unidirectional Path Switched Rings

Document ID: 18480

Updated: Nov 12, 2006

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Introduction

This document describes how to add and remove a 15454 node in a Unidirectional Path Switched Ring (UPSR). With the use of a fully documented lab setup with detailed explanations, the document walks the reader through the steps necessary to first add and then remove a node in a UPSR

Prerequisites

Requirements

There are no specific prerequisites for this document.

Components Used

This document is not restricted to specific software and hardware versions.

Background Information

This document uses a sample lab setup with three nodes (Node1, Node2 and Node3) in order to demonstrate how to add and then remove a fourth node (Node4) between Node1 and Node3. This network diagram shows the setup used here:

adddrop1.gif

In this document, it is assumed that the new node is racked and powered up with all of its cards installed and their provisioning completed. Provisioning includes:

  • General

  • Network

  • Timing

  • SONET Data Communications Channels (SDCCs)

  • Place the optical ports in service

References for the previous tasks can be found in the Setting Up a UPSR section of the Cisco ONS 15454 Procedure Guide, Release 3.4. Be sure to run test traffic through the new node in order to verify that all hardware is operational. Do this prior to the start of the procedure. You should also identify and tag all fibers involved before you begin.

Note: You can only add one node to a UPSR at a time.

caution Caution: The procedures to add a node and remove a node are service-affecting and should be performed during a maintenance window due to the protection switching involved. Disruptions of traffic up to three minutes are possible for any Ethernet traffic due to Spanning Tree re-convergence. All other traffic endures up to a 50 ms hit. In addition, the procedure to remove a node causes each circuit that changed Synchronous Transport Signal (STS) or Virtual Tributary (VT) while it passes through the removed node in order to incur an outage for the length of time that it takes to delete and rebuild. This depends on operator proficiency with Cisco Transport Controller (CTC).

Conventions

Refer to Cisco Technical Tips Conventions for more information on document conventions.

How to Add a Node to the UPSR

This procedure involves you to:

  • Check circuit integrity.

  • Initiate a forced protection switch.

  • Connect fibers to the new node.

  • Re-launch CTC.

  • Update circuits.

  • Release the forced protection switch.

This is the UPSR ring topology in the lab setup as seen from the CTC network view:

adddrop2.gif

Check Circuit Integrity

Complete the steps in the instructions provided in order to check the circuit integrity:

  1. From the CTC network view confirm all circuits are in an Active state.

    If any circuits are in an Incomplete state then do not continue. Refer to the Best Practices When Configuring Circuits on the ONS 15454 document in order to resolve issues with circuits in an Incomplete state.

    adddrop3.gif

  2. Confirm all circuits are in an Active state before you conitnue.

Initiate a Forced Protection Switch

Complete these instructions in order to initiate a forced protection switch:

  1. Manually force traffic from the span where the new node (Node4) is inserted.

  2. A forced protection switch can cause a service disruption if the UPSR ring is not free from errors. Check the PM Stats for all of the optical cards in the UPSR:

    1. Log into each shelf in the ring.

    2. Click on each UPSR optical card.

    3. Choose Performance.

    4. Click Refresh.

    5. Verify that all fields contain zero values.

    If you see zero values in all fields, then the span runs free of errors.

    caution Caution: Traffic is unprotected during a forced protection switch.

  3. From the Network view locate the span where the new node is to be inserted, Node1 to Node3 in the lab setup.

    Right-click on the span and choose Circuits from the menu. This brings up a window that displays the circuits on the span.

    adddrop4.gif

  4. Choose Force from the UPSR Switch Selector drop-down menu.

  5. Click Apply.

  6. Click Yes on the confirmation dialog box prompt in order for the change to take effect.

    Note: All traffic is now forced from this span. The traffic now takes an alternate path around the other side of the ring.

  7. Click OK at the informational dialog box.

Connect Fibers to the New Node

Complete these instructions in order to connect fibers to the new node:

  1. Manually disconnect the fibers between Node1 and Node3 and then connect the fibers from Node1 and Node3 to the new Node4.

    adddrop5.gif

  2. Ensure that you have an East to West configuration around the ring.

    Note: It is a recommended best practice to consider the optical trunk card furthest to the right in the shelf as the East fiber, and the optical trunk card furthest to the left in the shelf as the West fiber.

    In the previous lab setup we connect:

    • Slot 13 Node3 to Slot 5 Node4

    • Slot 13 Node4 to Slot 5 Node1

    In each case, it is a recommended best practice to connect only the Tx fibers and check the light levels before you connect the Rx fibers. Rx levels can be found in the Card Reference section of the Cisco ONS 15454 Reference Guide, Release 3.4.

Re-launch CTC

Shut down and re-launch the CTC application.

Note: At this point it is normal to see Unequipped Path (UNEQ-P) alarms on the optical cards at Node1 and Node3 adjacent to the new Node4.

From the Network view, the new node is visible:

adddrop6.gif

Update Circuits

Complete these steps in order to update the circuits:

  1. Click on the Circuits tab and wait a few minutes for the circuits to finish loading, that includes spans.

    Once the circuits finish loading, notice that some are in an Incomplete state. Make a note of the number of Incomplete circuits.

    adddrop7.gif

  2. All Incomplete circuits need to be updated in order to account for the added new Node4.

    Right-click on Node4 and choose Update Circuits With New Node from the menu.

    adddrop8.gif

  3. A dialog box appears, which indicates that circuits are updated.

    The circuits become Active one at a time.

    adddrop9.gif

  4. When all circuits are updated, a confirmation dialog box appears, which indicates the number of circuits updated.

    This number should match the number of Incomplete circuits noted in step 1. At this point all circuits should be Active.

    adddrop10.gif

  5. Click OK in the dialog box.

    Note: If the number of updated circuits does not match the number noted in step 1, or if there are still Incomplete circuits, then repeat steps 2 through 5.

Release the Protection Switch

Complete these steps in order to release the protection switch:

  1. Right-click on either of the spans adjacent to the new Node4 and choose Circuits.

    adddrop11.gif

  2. From the UPSR Switch drop-down menu, choose Clear and then Apply.

    Click Yes when the confirmation dialog box appears.

    adddrop12.gif

  3. Click OK in the information dialog box.

    adddrop13.gif

How to Remove a Node From the UPSR

Now that Node4 has been successfully added to the UPSR ring, go through the procedures in order to remove it. Add some circuits for demonstration purposes that drop at Node4 in order to start with some minor changes to the current lab setup:

This procedure involves you to:

  • Delete circuits dropped at the node being removed.

  • Initiate protection switches.

  • Remove the node.

  • Re-fiber the adjacent nodes.

  • Delete and rebuild circuits that change STS or VT while they pass through the removed node.

Delete Circuits Dropped at the Node Being Removed

Complete these steps in order to delete circuits dropped at the node being removed:

  1. Identify and delete circuits dropped at Node4.

    caution Caution: This step is service affecting. Ensure all traffic that dropped at this node has been moved before you delete the circuits.

    From the Network or Circuits view, identify any circuits that contain the node being removed (Node4) in either the Source or Destination column. Click on the Source or Destination column heading in order to sort columns.

    adddrop14.gif

  2. Click on the circuit to highlight it in order to delete these circuits, then click Delete.

    Click Yes when the confirmation dialog box appears.

    adddrop15.gif

  3. Click OK when the informational dialog box appears.

    Press the Ctrl or Shift key in order for multiple circuits to be highlighted for deletion.

  4. Identify and document the parameters for any circuits that change STS or VT while they pass through the node (Node4) to be removed.

    These circuits are deleted and recreated in the final step of this procedure. This task is best accomplished from the shelf view of the node (Node4) to be removed.

    adddrop16.gif

  5. At the Shelf view, click Circuits and ensure that the Scope is set to Node from the drop down menu.

    This allows you to only see circuits that pass through or drop at this node.

  6. Individually highlight each circuit and click Edit.

    From the Edit window make sure the Show Detailed Map box is checked. You should now see on which STS and VT the circuit enters and leaves the node. If these do not match then document the circuit for deletion and recreation in the final step 15 of this procedure.

    adddrop17.gif

    In the previous screenshot from the lab setup, you can see that the circuit actually changes STS and VT through Node4. It enters through STS2, VT1-1, and exits via STS3, VT2-1. This circuit needs to be deleted and recreated at the last step in this procedure.

  7. Repeat step 6 for all circuits that appear in the node view.

  8. Manually force traffic away from all spans connected to Node4.

  9. A forced protection switch can cause service disruption if the UPSR ring is not free of errors.

    Check the PM Stats for all of the optical cards in the UPSR:

    • Log into each shelf in the ring.

    • Click on each UPSR optical card.

    • Choose Performance.

    • Click Refresh.

    • Verify that all fields contain zero values.

    caution Caution: Traffic is unprotected during a forced protection switch.

  10. From the Network view, right-click on a span that connects to Node4 and choose Circuits from the menu.

    adddrop18.gif

  11. From the UPSR Switch Selector, choose Force from the drop-down menu and then click Apply.

    adddrop20.gif

    Click Yes in the confirmation dialog box. This forces all traffic from the span, which causes it to take an alternate path around the other side of the ring.

  12. Repeat step 11 for all spans that connect to Node4.

    Once completed, Node4 is completely isolated.

  13. Reconnect the fibers between adjacent Node1 and Node3.

    In this example, you connect Slot 5 Node1 to slot 13 Node3.

    adddrop21.gif

    When you reconnect fibers to adjacent nodes, it is a recommended best practice to first connect only the Tx fibers and check the light levels before you connect the Rx fibers. Rx levels can be found in the Card Reference section of the Cisco ONS 15454 Reference Guide, Release 3.4.

  14. Once all fibers are reconnected, open the Alarms tab of the newly connected Node3 and Node4 and verify that the span cards are free of alarms.

    Resolve any alarms before you proceed.

  15. Now delete and rebuild the circuits identified in step 4. From the Network view, locate each circuit.

    One at a time, highlight the circuit and click the Delete button. After circuit deletion is complete, click OK in the dialog box. Click the Create button and rebuild the circuit with the same parameters documented in step 4 of this procedure.

    adddrop22.gif

Related Information

Updated: Nov 12, 2006
Document ID: 18480