Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20060419-wlse
For Public Release 2006 April 19 15:00 UTC (GMT)
There are two vulnerabilities that exist in the CiscoWorks Wireless LAN Solution Engine (WLSE). The first is a cross site scripting (XSS) vulnerability that may allow an attacker to gain administrative privileges on the system. The second is a local privilege escalation vulnerability that can be used by an attacker who already has authenticated access to the command line interface to obtain access to the underlying operating system.
Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers.
This advisory is available at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20060419-wlse
This section provides details on affected products.
A CiscoWorks Wireless LAN Solution Engine (WLSE) or WLSE Express running any version of software prior to 2.13 are vulnerable to both of these vulnerabilities.
Several other Cisco products are affected only by the local privilege escalation vulnerability, including Cisco Hosting Solution Engine (HSE), User Registration Tool (URT), Cisco Ethernet Subscriber Solution Engine (ESSE) and CiscoWorks2000 Service Management Solution. A separate Cisco Security Response has been published regarding the impact and the fixes on these products and can be found at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityResponse/cisco-sr-20060419-priv
No other Cisco products are affected by both of these vulnerabilities.
CiscoWorks WLSE is a centralized, systems-level application for managing and controlling an entire autonomous Cisco WLAN infrastructure.
Two vulnerabilities exist in the WLSE appliance that may allow an attacker to gain complete control of the device or to obtain access to the underlying operating system.
These issues are documented by the following Cisco bug IDs:
- CSCsc01095 (registered customers only) - Cross site scripting vulnerability in WLSE appliance web interface
This fix addresses the cross site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the WLSE appliance web user interface. By exploiting this vulnerability, an attacker may obtain the session cookie information and further use this information to gain administrative privileges on the system.
- CSCsd21502 (registered customers only) - Privilege escalation to Linux shell
This fix addresses the local privilege escalation from the command line interface of the WLSE appliance. By exploiting this vulnerability an attacker who already has authenticated access to the command line interface may inject a command to obtain a shell account on the underlying operating system.
Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.
CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.
Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.
Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at
Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at
By exploiting these vulnerabilities together, an attacker may obtain complete control of the WLSE appliance.
When considering software upgrades, also consult http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.
In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center ("TAC") or your contracted maintenance provider for assistance.
These vulnerabilities are fixed in the 2.13 version of WLSE software. Fixed software can be downloaded from the following URL:
There are no workarounds for these vulnerabilities.
Cisco will make free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. This advisory will be updated as fixed software becomes available. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.
Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html , or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml.
Do not contact either "firstname.lastname@example.org" or "email@example.com" for software upgrades.
Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com .
Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.
The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is deployed.
Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.
- +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
- +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
- e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.
Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml for additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various languages.
The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of malicious use of the vulnerability described in this advisory.
This vulnerability was reported to Cisco by Adam Pointon of Assurance.Com.Au. We would like to thank Adam Pointon for bringing this to our attention.
THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.
A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.
This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at :
In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.
Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.
Initial public release.