Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20010413-cat5k-8021x
For Public Release 2001 April 13 14:00 UTC (GMT)
When an 802.1x frame is received by an affected Catalyst 5000 series
switch on a STP blocked port it is forwarded in that VLAN instead of being
dropped. This causes a performance impacting 802.1x frames network storm in
that part of the network, which is made up of the affected Catalyst 5000 series
switches. This network storm only subsides when the source of the 802.1x frames
is removed or one of the workarounds in the workaround section is applied. This
vulnerability can be exploited to produce a denial of service (DoS) attack.
This vulnerability is documented as Cisco bug id CSCdt62732.
This notice will be posted at
This section provides details on affected products.
Cisco Catalyst 5000 series switches based on any of the following EARL
(Encoded Address Recognition Logic) hardware revisions:
and running any of the following switch software revisions:
4.5 (11) or earlier
5.5 (6) or earlier
6.1 (2) or earlier
are affected by this vulnerability. This series includes the Catalyst
models 5000, 5002, 5500, 5505, 5509, 2901, 2902 and 2926 switches.
To determine your hardware and software revision type sh
mod on the console prompt of the switch.
Additional information can be found in the document, "Identifying Catalyst 5000
EARL Version and Other Common EARL Questions."
Catalyst 5000 series switches based on EARL 2 or later hardware
revisions are not affected by this vulnerability.
Catalyst 5000 series switches regardless of the EARL hardware revision,
running the following switch software revisions
4.5 (12) or later - expected general availability before 2001, May
5.5 (7) or later
6.1 (3) or later
are not affected by this vulnerability.
No other Cisco product is currently known to be affected by this
vulnerability. This includes the Catalyst 6000, 4000, 3500XL, 2900XL and 2948G
When an 802.1x (IEEE standard for port based network access control)
frame is received by an affected Catalyst 5000 series switch on a STP (Spanning
Tree Protocol) blocked port it is forwarded in that VLAN (Virtual Local Area
Network) instead of being dropped. This causes a performance impacting 802.1x
frames network storm in that part of the network, which is made up of the
affected Catalyst 5000 series switches. This network storm only subsides when
the source of the 802.1x frames is removed or one of the workarounds in the
workaround section is applied.
This vulnerability is documented as Cisco bug id CSCdt62732, which
requires a CCO account to view.
Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.
CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.
Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.
Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at
Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at
When an affected Catalyst 5000 series switch network receives an 802.1x
frame it causes an 802.1x frames network storm. This network storm degrades the
performance of the network. Slower ports on the affected Catalyst 5000 series
switches may stop passing user data. The affected Catalyst 5000 series switches
may not respond to any management inquiries via SNMP, Telnet or HTTP. However,
management via the console port on the switches is still possible and can be
used to apply the workarounds.
This vulnerability has been fixed in the following switch software
4.5 (12) or later - expected availability before 2001, May
5.5 (7) or later
6.1 (3) or later
and the fix will be carried forward in all future releases.
Software upgrade can be performed via the console interface.
The following workarounds will prevent the 802.1x frames from causing
an 802.1x frames network storm in an affected Catalyst 5000 series switch
These workarounds can also be applied to a network experiencing an
802.1x frames network storm.
Configure permanent MAC address entries for the entire reserved STP
range 01-80-c2-00-00-02 to 01-80-c2-00-00-0f to be directed out an unused port
for each VLAN on each affected switch in the network.
The commands to configure are given below.
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-02 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-03 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-04 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-05 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-06 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-07 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-08 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-09 <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0a <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0b <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0c <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0d <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0e <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
set cam permanent 01-80-c2-00-00-0f <mod#>/<port#> <VLAN>
Break the STP loop by either
Remove all the sources of 802.1x frames before re-enabling the ports
or reconnecting the cables.
Disabling the redundant (STP blocked ports) or
Disconnecting the cable from these
Power down the Catalyst 5000 switch(es) that create the spanning-tree
loop (any switch with STP blocked ports).
Remove all the sources of 802.1x frames before powering up the
Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability
for affected customers. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult
their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set compatibility
and known issues specific to their environment.
Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they
have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using such
software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by the terms of Cisco's software
license terms found at
or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at
Do not contact either "firstname.lastname@example.org" or "email@example.com"
for software upgrades.
Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their
regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be
obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide website at
Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior
or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco
Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that
support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of
action in regards to this advisory.
The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior,
and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and
releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support
organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate
for use in the intended network before it is deployed.
Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco
service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should obtain software patches and bug fixes by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC
contacts are as follows.
+1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
+1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
Have your product serial number available and provide the URL of this notice as evidence of entitlement to a software patch or bug fix. Customers without service contracts should request a software patch or bug fix through the TAC.
for additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone
numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various
The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any malicious use of the vulnerability
described in this advisory.
A customer who discovered this vulnerability while using Microsoft
Windows XP BETA software reported this vulnerability to Cisco. Microsoft
Windows XP attempts 802.1x authentication during its boot-up phase. Following
these configuration steps can disable this:
Click on the associated Local Area Connection under Network
Click on the Authentication Tab at the top right.
Uncheck "Network Access Control using IEEE
This issue has been discussed in news articles regarding issues with
Microsoft Windows XP BETA program and the Cisco Catalyst 5000 series
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This advisory will be posted on Cisco's worldwide website at
In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is
clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following e-mail
and Usenet news recipients.
firstname.lastname@example.org (includes CERT/CC)
Various internal Cisco mailing lists
Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or
newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the
for any updates.
Initial public release.