Advisory ID: cisco-sa-19990819-dbaccess
For Public Release 1999 August 19 15:00 UTC (GMT)
In CiscoSecure Access Control Server (CiscoSecure ACS) for UNIX, versions 1.0 through 2.3.2, there is a database access protocol that could permit unauthorized remote users to read and write the server database without authentication. Depending on the network environment, this might permit unauthorized users to modify the access policies enforced by the CiscoSecure ACS. A utility that is capable of using this protocol to read or modify a database is shipped with the CiscoSecure ACS product.
This vulnerability can be eliminated by either a CiscoSecure configuration change, or network configuration change. Cisco has provided a new release that changed a default setting, in order to ensure higher default security level.
This vulnerability has Cisco bug ID CSCdm71489.
This advisory is posted at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-19990819-dbaccess.
This section provides details on affected products.
If you are running an affected version of CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX, and if you have not modified the configuration to strictly permit connections from trusted hosts, and if untrusted users can make TCP connections to TCP port 9900 on the computer on which you have installed CiscoSecure ACS, then you are vulnerable.
Users of CiscoSecure ACS for Windows NT are not vulnerable.
No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by these vulnerabilities.
This vulnerability has been assigned Cisco bug ID CSCdm71489.
Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.
CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.
Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.
Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at
Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at
The impact may vary, depending whether potential attackers have access to port 9900 on the CiscoSecure ACS computer. This vulnerability could allow an attacker to remove accounts, add accounts and change passwords or privileges in the user database, including implementing an administrative account, that would give them control of the CiscoSecure ACS server.
Customers who may have been vulnerable to attack are advised to review privileged accounts, and any suspicious database changes.
This applies ONLY to CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX, and is present in all versions, up to version 2.3.2. Version 2.3.3 of CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX has been modified to validate administrative clients by default.
This vulnerability applies only to the software product CiscoSecure Access Control Server for UNIX, and does not apply to CiscoSecure Access Control Server for NT.
Two workarounds for this vulnerability exist.
One workaround consists of enabling client validation within CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX. A caveat to this workaround is that there are some versions of CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX that are subject to another defect, which prevents access to additional administration utilities (the Advanced Administration GUI) within CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX when the client validation feature is enabled. This problem is identified in CSCdm72555 which affects versions 2.3.1 and 2.3.2, and CSCdk55423, which affects versions 2.2.2, 2.2.3 of CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX. This workaround will not be effective in CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX version 2.2.2, 2.2.3, 2.3.1 and 2.3.2, and customers are encouraged to upgrade to a version that does not include this defect. Version 2.3.3 is currently available and is not susceptible to the above problem.
You must edit the CSCconfig.ini file, list the permitted remote access hosts, enable remote client validation. TACACS or RADIUS clients do NOT need to be listed under this setting, only hosts that are permitted to administer the server should be listed.
In the following example, 'acs_srv_machine' resolves to localhost, and we are providing remote administration privileges to the hosts 'client_machine' and the ip address 172.16.23.23. Permitted clients may be defined by a hostname, or an ip address.
CSCconfig.ini file should be edited with the following information:
;if ValidateClients=true, than we only allow the clients with ids listed
; to connect to the dbserver
100 = acs_srv_machine
100 = client_machine
100 = 172.16.23.23
ValidateClients = true
An additional configuration parameter "FastAdminValidClients" was added in CiscoSecure ACS version 2.3.3 allowing the Fast Administrator Web based GUI to permit the same IP addresses specified in the valid clients list, to further restrict client access.
A second workaround is to use filtering on other network devices, such as a firewall, to control or block access to TCP port 9900 on the CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX server.
Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.
Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html, or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml.
Do not contact either "firstname.lastname@example.org" or "email@example.com" for software upgrades.
Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com.
Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.
The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is deployed.
Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.
- +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
- +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
- e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.
Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml for additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various languages.
Cisco does not have any reports of malicious use of this vulnerability. CiscoSecure ACS for UNIX Reference Guide does include a cautionary note regarding this vulnerability.
THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.
A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.
This notice will be posted on Cisco's Worldwide Web site at http://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-19990819-dbaccess. In addition to Worldwide Web posting, the initial version of this notice is being sent to the following e-mail and Usenet news recipients:
- email@example.com (includes CERT/CC)
- Various internal Cisco mailing lists
Future updates of this notice, if any, will be placed on Cisco's Worldwide Web server, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the URL given above for any updates.
Initial public release.