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Cisco NX-OS Software

Cisco NX-OS Software Release 4.0

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Cisco® NX-OS Release 4.0, the first release of the Cisco NX-OS Software, provides a rich and comprehensive feature set to address the high demands of mission-critical data centers. Table 1 lists the hardware supported by Cisco NX-OS, and Table 2 lists the features of the software.

Table 1. Hardware Supported

Description

Part Number

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 10 Slot Chassis

N7K-C7010

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor Module

N7K-SUP1

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6kW AC Power Supply

N7K-AC-6.0KW

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 32 Port 10Gb Ethernet Module

N7K-M132XP-12

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 48 Port 10/100/1000 Ethernet Module

N7K-M148GT-11

Cisco Nexus 7000 10 Slot Fabric Module

N7K-C7010-FAB-1

Table 2. Software Features

Software Feature

Description

Virtual device contexts (VDCs)

VDCs emulate a virtual device. Each VDC has its own software processes, dedicated hardware resources (interfaces), and independent management environment.

Cisco In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU)

Cisco ISSU provides the capability to perform transparent software upgrades on platforms with redundant supervisors.

Process survivability

Individual processes can be restarted independently without loss of state information and without affecting data forwarding. Highly stateful processes such as IP routing protocols are restarted using standards-based non-stop forwarding (NSF) graceful restart mechanisms, and other processes use a local persistent storage service (PSS) to maintain their state.

Support for distributed and parallel processing

Cisco NX-OS is designed to support distributed multithreaded processing on symmetric multiprocessors (SMPs), multicore CPUs, and distributed line card processors.

Stateful supervisor failover

Redundant supervisors are kept synchronized at all times to enable rapid stateful supervisor failover.

Modular software fix capability

Fixes addressing caveats in the software are developed modularly and can be quickly incorporated into the software image.

Network-based availability

• Spanning Tree Protocol enhancements, to guarantee the health of the Spanning Tree Protocol control plane
• Unidirectional Link Detection (UDLD) Protocol
• NSF graceful restart of routing protocols
• Millisecond timers for first-hop resiliency protocols
• Shortest-path first (SPF) optimizations (link-state advertisement [LSA] pacing and incremental SPF)
• IEEE 802.3ad link aggregation with adjustable timers

Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN)

SPAN nonintrusively directs copies of the traffic on selected ports to a destination port that may have an external analyzer attached to it.

Embedded packet analyzer

The built-in packet analyzer helps monitor and troubleshoot control plane traffic.

Cisco Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD)

Cisco GOLD is a suite of diagnostic facilities to verify that hardware and internal data paths are operating as designed. Boot-time diagnostics, continuous monitoring, and on-demand and scheduled tests are part of the Cisco GOLD feature set.

Cisco Embedded Event Manager (EEM)

Based on a set of configurable network events, Cisco EEM can initiate user-defined actions; for example, it can generate syslog notifications or even send commands from the command-line interface (CLI) to modify traffic routing.

Cisco Netflow

Cisco NX-OS implementation of Netflow supports version 5 and version 9 exports as well as the Flexible Netflow configuration model and hardware-based Sampled Netflow for enhanced scalability.

Smart Call Home

Smart Call Home continuously monitors hardware and software components to provide e-mail-based notification of critical system events.

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

Cisco NX-OS complies with SNMP Versions 1, 2, and 3. A rich collection of MIBs is supported.

Programmatic Extensible Markup Language (XML) interface

The XML interface provides a consistent API for the device.

Configuration verification and rollback

The consistency of a configuration can be verified, along with the availability of necessary hardware resources, prior to committing the configuration. Configurations are also checkpointed to allow operators to roll back to a known good configuration as needed.

Role-based access control (RBAC)

Different levels of management privileges can be customized for different users.

Connectivity management processor (CMP) support

Cisco NX-OS supports the use of a CMP for remote "lights-out" management of the platform. The CMP aids operations by providing an out-of-band access channel to the Cisco NX-OS console.

Ethernet switching

• Rapid Per VLAN Spanning Tree Plus (PVST+) (IEEE 802.1D-2004 and 802.1w)
• Multi-Instance Spanning Tree Protocol (MISTP) (IEEE 802.1Q and 802.1s)
• IEEE 802.1Q VLANs and trunks
• 16,384 VLANs
• IEEE 802.3ad link aggregation
• Private VLANs and cross-chassis private-VLANs
• Unidirectional Link Detection (UDLD) Protocol in Aggressive and Standard modes
• Traffic suppression (unicast, multicast, and broadcast), SST
• Spanning Tree Protocol enhancements: bridge protocol data unit (BPDU) guard, loop guard, root guard, BPDU filters, and bridge assurance
• Jumbo frame support

Seamless Spanning Tree (SST) Protocol

This extension to the Spanning Tree Protocol allows user traffic to remain uninterrupted during ISSU+ operations when connecting to SST-aware switches.

Bridge assurance for Spanning Tree Protocol

This protocol enhances the Spanning Tree Protocol to prevent bridging loops caused by continuous data forwarding in the absence of an operational Spanning Tree Protocol control plane. Control plane failures can be caused by a software glitch or undetected unidirectional links.

IP routing

The following protocols are supported with the graceful restart function:

• Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Protocol Versions 2, and 3 (IPv6)
• Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) Protocol
• Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
• Enhanced Interior Gateway Protocol (EIGRP)
• Routing Information Protocol (RIP) Version 2

IP services

The following IP services are supported in Cisco NX-OS Release 4.0:

• Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF)
• Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) relay
• Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF)
• Hot-Standby Routing Protocol (HSRP)
• Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
• Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)
• Enhanced object tracking (EOT)
• Policy-based routing (PBR)
• Generic routing encapsulation (GRE) tunneling

IP Multicast

• Protocol Independent Multicast Version 2 (PIMv2)
• Source Specific Multicast (SSM)
• PIM Sparse mode (Any Source Multicast [ASM]) (IPv4 and IPv6)
• Bidirectional Protocol Independent Multicast (Bidir PIM)
• Anycast Rendezvous Points (RP)
• Multicast NSF for IPv4 and IPv6
• Rendezvous point discovery using Bootstrap Router (BSR), Auto-RP, and Static mode
• Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Version 1, 2, and 3 router role
• IGMPv2 host mode
• IGMP snooping
• Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Protocol Version 2 (for IPv6)
• Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) (for IPv4 only)

Quality of service (QoS)

The following QoS functions are supported in the Cisco Modular QoS CLI (MQC) framework:

• Ingress and egress queuing and scheduling
• Traffic classification based on QoS class (class of service [CoS], IP precedence, or differentiated services code point [DSCP]) and protocol fields
• Traffic marking or remarking
• QoS class (CoS, IP precedence, or DSCP) mutation
• Ingress and egress aggregate and color-aware policing

Cisco TrustSec

The Cisco TrustSec security suite provides these features:

• Data confidentiality and integrity with IEEE 802.1AE 128-bit Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) link-layer cryptography
• Network device and host authentication using IEEE 802.1x
• Scalable network access control with security group access control lists (SGACLs)

Network security

Beyond Cisco TrustSec, Cisco NX-OS Release 4.0 delivers the following security features:

• Intrusion detection system (IDS) for protocol conformance checks.
• Control plane policing (CoPP)
• MD5 routing protocol authentication
• Cisco Integrated Security Features (CISF) including:
• Dynamic Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) inspection (DAI)
• DHCP snooping
• IP source guard
• Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) and TACACS+
• Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol Version 2
• SNMPv3 support
• Port security
• IEEE 802.1x authentication and RADIUS support
• Layer 2 Cisco Network Access Control (NAC) and LAN-port-IP
• Named ACLs: Port ACLs (PACLs), VLAN ACLs (VACLs), and router ACLs (RACLs) support policies based on MAC and IPv4 addresses

Supported Standards

Table 3. IEEE Compliance

Standard

Description

802.1D

MAC Bridges

802.1s

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol

802.1w

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

802.1AE

MAC Security (link layer cryptography)

802.3ad

Link aggregation with LACP

802.3ab

1000BaseT (10/100/1000 Ethernet over copper)

802.3ae

10 Gigabit Ethernet

802.1Q

VLAN Tagging

802.1p

Class of Service Tagging for Ethernet frames

802.1x

Port-based network access control

Table 4. RFC Compliance

Standard

Description

BGP

RFC 1997

BGP Communities Attribute

RFC 2385

Protection of BGP Sessions via the TCP MD5 Signature Option

RFC 2439

BGP Route flap damping

RFC 2519

A Framework for Inter-Domain Route Aggregation

RFC 2858

Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4

RFC 3065

Autonomous System Confederations for BGP

RFC 3392

Capabilities Advertisement with BGP-4

RFC 4271

BGP version 4

RFC 4273

BGP4 MIB - Definitions of Managed Objects for BGP-4

RFC 4456

BGP Route reflection

RFC 4486

Subcodes for BGP cease notification message

RFC 4724

Graceful Restart Mechanism for BGP

RFC 4893

BGP Support for Four-octet AS Number Space

ietf-draft

bestpath transition avoidance (draft-ietf-idr-avoid-transition-05.txt)

ietf-draft

Peer table objects (draft-ietf-idr-bgp4-mib-15.txt)

ietf-draft

Dynamic Capability (draft-ietf-idr-dynamic-cap-03.txt)

OSPF

RFC 2370

OSPF Opaque LSA Option

RFC 2328

OSPF Version 2

RFC 2740

OSPF for IPv6 (OSPF version 3)

RFC 3101

OSPF Not-So-Stubby-Area (NSSA) Option

RFC 3137

OSPF Stub Router Advertisement

RFC 3509

Alternative Implementations of OSPF Area Border Routers

RFC 3623

Graceful OSPF Restart

RFC 4750

OSPF Version 2 MIB

RIP

RFC 1724

RIPv2 MIB extension

RFC 2082

RIPv2 MD5 Authentication

RFC 2453

RIP Version 2

IS-IS

RFC 1142(OSI 10589)

OSI 10589 Intermediate system to intermediate system intra-domain routing exchange protocol.

RFC 1195

Use of OSI IS-IS for routng in TCP/IP and dual environment.

RFC 2763

Dynamic Hostname Exchange Mechanism for IS-IS

RFC 2966

Domain-wide Prefix Distribution with Two-Level IS-IS

RFC 2973

IS-IS Mesh Groups

RFC 3277

IS-IS Transient Blackhole Avoidance

RFC 3373

Three-Way Handshake for IS-IS Point-to-Point Adjacencies

RFC 3567

IS-IS Cryptographic Authentication

RFC 3847

Restart Signaling for IS-IS

ietf-draft

Internet Draft Point-to-point operation over LAN in link-state routing protocols (draft-ietf-isis-igp-p2p-over-lan-06.txt)

IP Services

RFC 768

UDP

RFC 783

TFTP

RFC 791

IP

RFC 792

ICMP

RFC 793

TCP

RFC 826

ARP

RFC 854

Telnet

RFC 959

FTP

RFC 1027

Proxy ARP

RFC 1305

NTP v3

RFC 1519

CIDR

RFC 1542

BootP relay

RFC 1591

DNS client

RFC 1812

IPv4 routers

RFC 2131

DHCP Helper

RFC 2338

VRRP

RFC 2784

Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)

IP-Multicast

RFC 2236

Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 2

RFC 2710

Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6

RFC 3376

Internet Group Management Protocol, Version 3

RFC 3446

Anycast Rendevous Point (RP) mechanism using Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) and Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)

RFC 3569

An Overview of Source-Specific Multicast (SSM)

RFC 3618

Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)

RFC 3810

Multicast Listener Discovery Version 2 (MLDv2) for IPv6

RFC 4601

ASM - Sparse Mode (PIM-SM): Protocol Specification (Revised)

RFC 4607

Source-Specific Multicast for IP

RFC 4610

Anycast-RP Using Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

ietf-draft

Mtrace server functionality, to process mtrace-requests, draft-ietf-idmr-traceroute-ipm-07.txt

ietf-draft

Bi-directional Protocol Independent Multicast (BIDIR-PIM), draft-ietf-pim-bidir-09.txt

Ordering Information

Cisco NX-OS is available in three license levels. A rich feature set is provided with the Base license, which is bundled with the hardware at no extra cost. The Enterprise license enables incremental functions that are applicable to many enterprise deployments. The Advanced Services license enables next-generation functions such as VDCs and Cisco TrustSec. Table 3 summarizes the three packages.

Table 5. License Packages

Package

Contents

Base package

Provides a rich feature set appropriate for most data center requirements

Enterprise package

Provides incremental functions available only with the Enterprise license:

• IP routing
• OSPF v2, and v3 (IPv4 and IPv6)
• IS-IS (IPv4)
• BGP (IPv4)
• EIGRP (IPv4)
• IP Multicast
• PIM: Sparse, Bidir, and SSM modes
• MSDP
• PBR
• GRE tunnels

Advanced package

The Advanced Services license enables use of the following functions in Cisco NX-OS Release 4.0:

• VDCs
• Cisco TrustSec

To place an order, visit the Cisco Ordering homepage. To download software, visit the Cisco Software Center. Table 4 provides ordering information.

Table 6. Ordering Information

Product Name

Part Number

Cisco NX-OS Enterprise LAN License

N7K-LAN1K9

Cisco NX-OS Advanced LAN License

N7K-ADV1K9

Cisco NX-OS 4.0 Software for the Cisco Nexus 7000 Supervisor 1

N7KS1K9-401A1.1

Cisco Service and Support

Cisco offers a wide range of services to help accelerate your success deploying and optimizing Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switches in your data center. Our innovative services are delivered through a unique combination of people, processes, tools, and partners, and are focused on helping you increase operational efficiency and improve your data center network. Cisco Advanced Services use an architecture-led approach to help you align your data center infrastructure to your business goals and provide long-term value. Cisco SMARTnet ® Service helps you resolve mission critical problems with direct access anytime to Cisco network experts and award-winning resources. With this service, you can take advantage of the Smart Call Home service capability that offers proactive diagnostics, and real-time alerts on your Cisco Nexus 7000 switches. Spanning the entire network lifecycle, Cisco Services help maximize investment protection, optimize network operations, provide migration support, and strengthen your IT expertise. For more information about Cisco Data Center Services, visit: http://www.cisco.com/go/dcservices.

For More Information

For more information about the Cisco NX-OS, visit the product homepage at: http://www.cisco.com/go/nxos or contact your local account representative.