Ed.: We received several letters in response to the article "A Retrospective: Twenty-Five Years Ago," by Geoff Huston, published in the previous issue of this journal. Here is some of the feedback:
Just wanted to show my appreciation for your nice article. As an ex-DEC who moved to WorldCom after my MSc in Computer Engineering & Telecoms with a Master's project on IP signaling over ATM, I can certainly relate to a large part (not all ;-) of what you wrote.
I normally don't read such long articles, but had to make an exception as I kept interested until the end!
—Pedro Paiva, Etoy, Switzerland
I just wanted to let you know that I really enjoyed your recent article, "A Retrospective: Twenty-Five Years Ago," published in The Internet Protocol Journal. I lived through most of the history that you talked about as I came up through the telecom industry and then finished off my career at Cisco.
It certainly is interesting to reflect back on all the past controversy around network infrastructure design and how competing ideas and philosophies played out. (Talk about losers, remember Switched Multi-megabit Data Service (SMDS) driven by the Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs)? While at Nortel, I remember once in a design review meeting that one of our BNR geeks put up a slide (overhead foil back then) that showed various network evolution scenarios. The last one was an "oh-by-the-way, there's this theory that the Internet could take over the world" (of network infra-structure). All the room snickered. Who's laughing now?
There was as much energy, maybe more, put into defending architectures based on market control as there was on technological elegance. Still, it is a fascinating and dynamic industry full of extremely smart people with clever ideas, and I enjoyed every minute of it.
I started at "the phone company" in the late 1960s and it has been quite a journey from relay-driven switches controlling tip and ring loops to the current Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) back-bone networks, terabit switching, and hitching rides on photons.
Thanks for your insight and for your well-written article.
The author responds:
Thanks for your note and your recollections from some 25 years ago.
I recall SMDS as well. If I recall correctly, this was an invention coming out of a university in Western Australia. Elsewhere in the world it was marketed as a 34-Mbps product. In Australia it was marketed in 2-Mbps and 10-Mbps forms (evidently the telco thought that we primitive Aussies were not "ready" for any higher speed!). I was a customer of their 10-Mbps product, and experienced some disappointment when it became evident that 10 Mbps was a theoretical peak that was simply unachievable because the inline PCs that were used for packet accounting slowed the throughput of any SMDS link down to just 3 Mbps! So in Australia SMDS was largely killed by the telco and it was never really used for high-speed digital trunk services.
I experienced a similar reaction to the Internet in the late 1980s as you have observed, when, in response to suggesting that the universities were about to build a national IP network, many of the telco managers did the polite snicker performance and then suggested that we should "get with the times," sign up as customers of their national ATM network, and leave the engineering to them. I'm glad the universities saw through it and supported me in persisting along the path to a national IP network. It was a strange moment some 6 years later when the same telco came knocking on our door to make an offer to buy the network from the universities because their own efforts to construct an IP product were simply getting nowhere at the time.
It has indeed been quite a journey, and I too have enjoyed every bit of it!
—Geoff, Chief Scientist, APNIC